Wararka Somalida

WAXMATARE CABDI-QANI SACIID CARAB WAA...






Halkani waa Soomaaliya, waa dal ay la degeen dagaalo sokeeye, sharci laga baqo kama jiro, wey adag tahay inaad aragto doorasho ku dhacda xaq iyo xallaal, lacag ayaa inta badan loo adeegsadaa doorashooyinka laga qaban-qaabiyo wadankaan, musuq-maasuq ayaa la isku doortaa, coddadka ayaa la iibsadaa, Musharaxii dhaqaale badan haysta ayaa si fuddud ugu soo baxo doorasho kasta oo la qabto.
Mid ka mid ah doorashooyinka Soomaaliya ugu musuqa badan ayaa maanta ka dhacday magaalada Muqdisho, doorashadaasi ayaa lagu sheegay inay aheyd doorashadii 7-aad ee Xiriirka K/Cagta Soomaaliya.
Xilka Guddoomiyaha Xiriirkaasi waxaa isu soo taagay Hal {1} musharax oo ah Milkiilaha loo tiriyo inuu iska leeyahay Xiriirka K/Cagta Soomaaliya, Shux-shux dheer kadib waxaa la isku af-gartay in si wada ogol ah gacanta loogu taago Guddoomiyihii Xiriirkaasi soo maamulayay 4-sanno ee la soo dhaafay & Ku- xigeenadiisa.
Xeel dheerayaasha isboortiga ayaa caddeeyay in Doorashadaasi ay aheyd mid ay wateen koox is af taqaano oo hal dhinac ah, la yaab waxaa laheyd 25-ka kooxood ee coddeynayay intooda badan waxaa iska lahaa C/qani iyo Ku-xigeenkiisa, si loo xallaaleeyo doorashadaasi ayaa halkii ay ka dhacaysay waxaa lagu casuumay xubno ka tirsan Fifa & Cecafa, kuwaasi oo ka mid ah saaxiibada ay wax isla cunnaan Guddoomiyaha aan calankiisa dhici doonin ilaa & 20-ka sanno ee soo socoto!
Aragtiyo kala duwan ayaa laga bixiyaa Hogaaminta ninkaasi, qaar ka mid ah bahda isboortiga ayaa aaminsan inuu horumar gaarsiiyey cayaaraha K/Cagta, fekerkaasi mid ka duwan waxaa rumaysan in badan oo ka tirsan Maamulayaasha & taageerayaasha cayaaraha, kuwaasi oo ku eedaynaya ninkaasi inuu yahay shaqsi si ba’an ugu takri fala xilka uu hayo!
Xubno ka tirsan gacan yarayaashiisa ayaa kuu sheegaya in C/ qani uu yahay Sindikihii Labaad ee K/Cagta, iyaga oo ku doodaya sidii Faarax oo kale inuu Guddoomiye C/qani sii maamuli doono Xiriirka K/Cagta muddo aad u dheer!
#Isboorti_Ba_ow_Yaa_Ku_Lahaa!!!





Ra’iisul Wasaare Khayre oo Qaabilay...






Ra’iisul wasaaraha xukuumadda federaalka Soomaaliya, mudane Xasan Cali Khayre, ayaa xafiiskiisa kula kulmay Maamulaha Guud ee guddiga badbaadada caalamiga ah (IRC), David Miliband, oo socdaal ku yimid Muqdisho.
Ra’iisul wasaare Xasan Cali Khayre iyo David Miliband ayaa ka wada hadlay guud ahaan barnaamijyada IRC ay ka fuliso Soomaaliya, gaar ahaan barnaamijyada soo kabashada dhaqaalaha iyo horumarinta caafimaadka.
Guddiga badbaadada caalamiga ah ayaa ka shaqeeyaa gargaarka bini’aadninimo ee caalamka, iyo barnaamijyada horumarinta, waxa uuna gargaar degdeg ah iyo caawimaadda waqtiga fog siiyaa qaxootiga iyo dadka ku barakacay dagaallada iyo musiibooyinka dabiiciga ah.





Musharax ugu Cadcad Musharaxinta...






DR Saadaq eenow oo ka mid ah Musharaxiinta u taagan Qabashada Xilka madaxweynenimo ee maamul goboleydka Puntland State ayaa ka hadlayey doorashooyinka ama talo wadaagyada la filayo in ay ka kala dhacaan muumulada dalka ayaa hoosta ka xariiqay in aan koox gaara gacanta loo galinin isla markaana ka digay in aan la siyaasadeeyn doorashooyinka si dalku u helo dowlada goboleud si caadil ah howsha ula waregto
Faragalinta dowlada fadaraalka xaq bay u leedahay oo iyada ayaa dalka ka masuul ah waxaana xaq loogu leeyahay in ay wax saxdo waana in ay ka ilaaliso shisheeyahay iyo cid kasta oo si aan sharci aheyn wax ku dooneysa
Waa in fursad la siiyo cid kasta oo ka qeybgasha doorashooyinka wuxuuna sheegay in dalkeenu yahay mid aan xasilooneyn oo aan amankiisa guud la isku haleyn Karin iyad oo taasi jirta ayuu xusay in maamulka Puntladn ay ku guuleysteen in ay dhistaan maamulkaas wuxuuna ku amaanay odoyasha dhaqanka oo hormuud ka haa
“Maamulka puntland waxaa dhismihiisa hormuud ka ahaa saraakiil ciidan sida Cabdulaahi yuusuf Axmed Iyo Cade Muse Xersi  tobankii sano ee ugu horeysay waxaana uga daba maray aqoonyahano xilkii kala wareegay  sida faroole iyo Cabdi weli Gaas “.
Waxaa la isku dhaarsaday in beeluhu doordaan dad aan laaluush wax ku dooneynin waxaan la dagaalameynaa nin dibada ka yimid oo nabadoonkiisii lacag lagu doorto u geeya sidoo kale waxaa la iska ilaalinayaa in beeli wacato nin dibada oo joogo oo tiraahdo jagadaas adigu isu soo sharax oo xilkaa Noo qabo
Wuxuu sheegay in ay Ceebo soo baxayaan lana doonayo in laga gudbo ficil kasta oo sharci daro ah
Taariikhda laguma sheegin ummadd uu siyaasi heer sare gaarsiiyey maamulna u dhisay isaga oo dhanka kale Canbaareeyey siyaasiyiinta dalku sida ay u dhaqmaan oo uu sheegay in ay yihiin danley il gaara wax ku eegta waxaana wadada saxda ka leexiyey hamuunta uu u qabo tiisa u gaarka ah ayuu hadalkiisa ku daray musharax saadaq eenow oo meesha ka saaray in siyaasi umadda hourumar ka sugto
Puntland ayaa la filayaa in ay ka dhacdo doorashadii 5aad intii uu maamulkaasi dhisnaa
DR Saadaq eenow wuxuu aad u dhaliilay Nidaamka awood qeybsiga 4.5 oo uu sheegay in uu dalka ku soo kordhiyey dib u dhac iyo habacsanaan iyo qof in uu xil ku qabto magac beeleyd isaga oo aan aqoon u leheyn jagada uu ku helay qabiilkiisa iyo manfac ahna kaligii ayaa quutaa magacana beeshiisa ayuu la wadaagaa
Waxaana leeyahay waayeel hasoocine waxgarad sooca dhanka kale saaday ayaa ka digay in fara galin lagu sameeyo doorashooyinka soo socda
Maamulka Puntland oo oo labaatan jirsaday ayuu sheegay in dhaawacyo soo gaaray darted uu u noqon waayey mid qaangaara Cismaan yuusuf keeni diid  ayuu ku soo habqabsay oo yiri umaddii madaxdu ka xumaato waa marin habnaabaane kuwa madaxda looga dhigay waa manfaca done





Dhagheyso Farmaajo waxaan soo afjarey...






Madaxwaynaha Soomaaliya, Maxamed Cabdullaahi Maxamed [Farmaajo] ayaa wuxuu ka warbixiyay shirkii saddex geesoodka ahaa ee uu la yeeshay hogamiyaasha Itoobiya iyo Eritrea, kaasi lasoo gabgabeeyay horaantii bishaan.
Farmaajo ayaa shaaciyay in ugu horeyntii uu kala hadlay Ra’iisul Wasaare Abiy Axmed faragelinta uu dalkiisa ku hayo Soomaaliya, isaga oo daboolka ka qaaday inuu soo dhaweeyay qodobadda uu miiska u saaray.
Isaga oo hadalkiisa sii wata ayuu Madaxwaynaha daboolka ka qaaday in sidoo kale ay isla soo qaadeen Abiy Axmed is-dhexgal ay ka yeeshaan Soomaaliya iyo Itoobiya dhinaca amniga iyo dhaqaalaha.Hoos ka dhageyso  warka oo Cod ahhttp://somalisan.net/wp-content/uploads/2018/11/Farmaajo-faragalinta.mp3





Dowlada oo markii ugu horeysay ku...






Cabdullahi Maxamed Nuur oo ah xoghayaha guddiga maaliyadda ee Golaha shacabka ee Baarlamaanka Soomaaliya mar uu hadlay ayuu ku amray wasaaradda maaliyadda inay bixiso lacagaha mushaaraadka ahi oo ay leeyihiin shaqalaha safaaradaha caalamka ka shaqeeya ee soomaaliya ay ku leedahay.
Sidoo kale wasaaradaha maaliyadda iyo arimaha dibedda soomaaliya ayaa laga dalbaday in si deg deg ahi ay iskaga kaashadaal mushaar bixinta shqaalaha safaaradaah caalamka maadaama aysan xaquuqdooda.
Dhanka kale guddiga maaliyadda ayaa ku amray wasaaradda maaliyadda inay bixiso lacagaha ay leeyihiin xildhibanaada shaqaalaha dowladda iyo ciidamada milatariga ah oo aannan qaadan wax mushaar ah xiligii Xasan Sheekh Maxamuud oo dalka ka talinayay.
Dhawaan ayaa la sheegay in qaar ka mid ah safaaradaha caalamka ku yaalla ee soomaaliya aysan helin mushaar muddo ku dhow sagaal bilood, arintaasina ay tahay mid wax ka qabasho mudan.





Dhageyso indhaqarshe kuwa Isbaarada...






Taliyaha ciidanka Xoogga Dalka Daahir aadan Cilmi Indho Qarshe oo warbaahinta la hadlay ayaa waxaa uu ka hadlay gaadiidka faraha badan ee maalman ku xayirnaa  Deegaanada ka tirsan Gobalka Shabeelaha Hoose.
Indha Qarshe ayaa waxaa uu walaac ka mujiyay ciidanka ku labisan dareeska Dowlada oo gaadiidka ku dhibaateeyo Deegaanada Gobalka Shbaeelaha Hoose, isagoona sheegay in arintaasi aan loo dul qaadan Karin.
Taliyaha ayaa waxaa uu  Hogaanka Saadka ku eedeeyay in maamul xumo ay ka jirto sida uu hadalka u dhigay.
Gobalka shabeelaha hoose  waxaa ku soo batay isbarooyinka ay dhiganayaan maleeshiyaadka iyo qaar ka tirsan ciidamada dowlada,  kuwaasi  oo dhibaato ku haya dadka shacabka ah ee  ku safra wada xiriirisa Degmooyinka Afgooye iyo Wanla-weyne ee Gobalka Shabeelaha  Hoose.dhanka kale Maxamed Ibraahim Barre Gudoomiyaha Gobolka Sh Hoose ee Maamulaka Koonfur Galbeed ee Somaaliya ayaa sheegay in Maamulaka G Sh Hoose uu ku guuleystay qaadista isbaarooyin hor leh oo la soo dhigay inta u dhaxeysa Degmooyinka Afgooye iyo Walaweyn ee Gobolkaasi.
Gudoomiyaha Gobolka Sh Hoose ayaa tilmaamay in isbaarooyinkaasi  ay xanibeen isku socodkii gadiidka gobolkaasi isagoona tilmaamay in lagu guuleystay in la sii daayo gadiid ku xayirnaa Dulleedka Degmada Afgooye ee Gobolkaasi.
Gudoomiye Maxamed ibraahim ayaa ugu danbeyntii sheegay in xubno ka tiran Wasaarada Gaashaandhiga Soomaaliya ay la gaashadeen qaadista isbaarooyin la soo dhigay Deegaano aka tirsan Gobolkaasi.
http://somalisan.net/wp-content/uploads/2018/11/Indharqarsho.mp3





The Most Successful Somali People Aren’...






When Hodan Nalayeh was growing up she didn’t feel connected to her Somali culture and lamented the lack of a space where Somali culture, stories and art could be celebrated and find expression.
INTEGRATION TV, Hodan’s brainchild, is a YouTube channel that emerged out of that cultural void many diasporic Somalis feel, with the aim of “connecting Somalis worldwide.” With over 49,000 subscribers, her channel is gaining viewership , bringing in-depth, nuanced and compelling coverage to a community whose representation in the media doesn’t drift too far from unflattering and tragic discussions about war, famine, crime, terrorism or piracy.
“The idea of INTEGRATION TV initially started out as a TV show celebrating the success of Somali-Canadians” Hodan told me. “But as we found more stories, everything snowballed and my own journey of self-discovery ended up bringing millions of people with me”. The problem goes back to the early 90s when the Somali government collapsed. Dramatic headlines which you might argue reflected the seriousness of the situation on the ground took over US and to a lesser extent global media.
Various studies have since unpacked the oversimplifications that characterised many of those reports. According to Professor Catherine Besteman they relied too heavily on “racist assumptions, anthropological models and a popular craving for simplicity,” which worked to boost America’s self-image rather than accurately represent what was happening in Somalia.
Following the failure of Operation Restore Hope in December 1992, a US-led UN supported humanitarian intervention in Somalia, US media widely circulated images of people suffering from famine, and dead US troops being dragged through Mogadishu. This created a recurring association between Somalis and violence, which has largely endured to this day.
It also gave birth to the first Hollywood blockbuster about Somalia in 2001 called Black Hawk Down, a film about Operation Restore Hope. Made with the full cooperation of the US military, Deputy Secretary of Defence Paul Wolfowitz would describe it as a “powerful film.” For many Somalis, however, the reception wasn’t so warm.
The film glorified US militarism and the apparently benign US mission to alleviate the suffering of the Somali people. It didn’t accurately attempt to raise awareness of the root causes of the violence or the crimes committed by US and UN forces against civilians.
Captain Phillips, a film about piracy off the Somali coast followed almost a decade and a half later. It had similar shortcomings such as a lack of context, and a stereotypical depiction of the Somali as violent, rough and savage. Both films relied on narrative arcs that coded the American characters as the benign victims of Somali bandits and vandals, bent on a congenital commitment to violence.
“At the time, I didn’t really understand the narrative in those films” Hodan says. “But when I became more conscious of the media, and the messages delivered about certain countries and certain cultures, it made me realize that movies like that can do so much damage.” “That is the image people have of us today,” she continues. “A chaotic country, with pirates and maniacs and all the other negative images that came from those movies. Unfortunately, those messages have played a major role in shaping our narrative.”





VIDEO Gudoomiyaha ururka dhalinyarada...





Gudoomiyaha ururka dhalinyarada Somali youth power Xamdi Xasan M yalaxow oo Muqdisho Ku qabatay Munaasibad lagu taageerayey dowlada oo ay ka qebgaleen in ka badan 500 oo dhalinyaro ah





Maamul Xumo baahsan oo hadhaysay...





Badhasaabka Gobolka Daadmadheedh wuxuu iibsaday gaadhigii badhasaabkii uga horeeyay Xilka (Plate Number:- GT1347) Mudane Madaxweyne bulshada ku dhaqan gobolka Daadmadheedh waxay is waydiinayaan sababta aad ugu soo magacaabi wayday Maamul Gobol maadama aad 12 kii gobol ee kale u soo dhistay maamulo cusub oo la jaanqaada is badal ka siyaasadeed ee ka hirgalay qaranka. Waxaan […]





Warmurtiyeed ku saabsan qoondada...






Waxaa maanta oo ay taariikhdu tahay 13 November 2018 magaalada Hargeysa noogu soo gabagaboobay shir noo socday laba maalmood oo aan kaga taashanay xuquuqaha dadka la hayb sooco ee doorashooyinka inagu soo foolka leh. Kulankan oo uu soo agaasimay ururka waddaniga ah ee Daami Youth Development Organization (DYDO) oo la kaashanaya xafiiska UNSOM ee Qaramada Midoobay waxaa diirada lagu saaray kor u qaadista ka qaybgalka xuquuqda siyaasadda iyo sidii ay dadka la hayb soocaa uga mid noqon lahaayeen Goleyaasha Qaranka doorashooyinkan soo socda.
Kulanku markii uu dhammaaday waxaa ka soo baxay baaqan:
Annaga oo ku hadlayna magaca dadka la hayb sooco waxan u mahad-celinaynaa saaxiibbada bulshad arayidka ah, Goleyaasha Qaranka iyo qaybaha kala duwan ee bulshada ee nagala soo qayb galay shirkan.
Sidoo kale waxan u mahad celinaynaa Madaxwanaha Jamhuuriyada Somaliland Mudane Muuse Biixi Cabdi iyo Golahiisa Wasiirada oo 7 June 2018 ansixiyey soo jeedin ah in qoondo gaar ah oo sadex kursi golaha wakiilada laga siiyo dadka la hayb sooco una tartamaan dhexdooda. Haddaba annaga ka duulaynaya qaddiyaadaas waxaanu ugu baaqaynaa:Madaxwaynaha JSL:
In uu kuraasta qoondada ah ee saddexda ah kordhiyo kana dhigo lix. Taas oo macnaheedu yahay in lixda gobol-doorasho ee Somaliland gobol walba xubin looga qoondooyo beelaha la haybsooco.
In uu Baarlamaanka (Golaha Wakiillada iyo Guurtida) ku boorriyo in ay ansixiyaan kootada lixda kursi ah kana hor tago in Goleyaashu ansixin waayaan sidii dhacday sannadkii 2007-dii, wakhtigaas oo Baarlamaanku si khaldan u fasireen Qodobka 8aad ee Dastuurka iyagoo ku doodday in kootadu ay ka hor imanayso qodobkaas oo ka hadla sinnaanta muwaadiniinta. Waxan aaminsanahay in diidmadii wakhtigaas ee kootada beelaha la haysoocaa ay ahayd mid aan habboonayn. Doorashooyinkii hore axan ka baranay in aanay u suurtoobayn beelaha la haybsoocaa in ay kuraastooda ka helaan baarlamaanka sababo iyo duruufo is biirsaday awgeed.
Baarlamaanka: 
In ay wax-ka-beddel ku sameeyaan xeerarka doorashada si beelaha la haysooco lix kursi looga qoondeeyo Golaha Wakiillada ugu yaraana 12 kursi looga qoondeeyo Goleyaasha Deegaanka.
In ka hor tagaan in la ansixin waayo qoondada beelaha la haybsooco ee Golaha Wakiillada sidii horeba u dhacday.
In ay aqoonsadaan xuquuqda siyaasadeed ee beelaha la hayb-sooco isla markaana ka mid noqdaan kudlada (Caucus) aan u abuurnay in ay riixaan qoondada dadka la hayb sooco si loo helo xuquuqda ka qayb galka siyaasadeed ee dadka la hayb sooco.
Xisbiyada
Waxaa aanu uqu baayanaa sadexda xisbi qaran (KULMIYE, WADDANI iyo UCID) in ay codkooda ku biiriyaan ansixinta qoondada dadka la hayb sooco kana fogaadeen in ay si uun caqabad ugu noqdaan.
Waxaa aanu uqu baaqaynaa in ay ku soo biiraan kudlada (caucus) golayaasha qaranka ee aanu ugu talo galnay in ay riixaan meel-marinta qoondada dadka la hayb sooco.
Waxaa aanu ugu baaqaynaa in sadexda Xisbi qaran in ay hogaankooda, laamahooda fulinta iyo xoghayaasha ay ka muuqdaan dadka la hayb soocaa si ay qayb uga noqdaan kor u qaadida xuquuqda ka qayb galka siyaasadda ee dadka la haybsooco.
Haddaba, waxaan ku baaqaynaa in qoondadda kuraasta Golaha Wakiillada iyo Goleyaasha Deegaanka ee dadka la haybsoocaa ay noqoto sidan soo socota:
A) Golaha wakiilada
Waxaa aan soo jeedinaya in lix kursi Golaha Wakiillada looga qoondeeyo beelaha la haybsooco iyadoo gobol walba hal kursi loo qoondaynayo sidan soo socota:
Gobolka Awdal- Hal xildhibaan
Gobolka Maroodijeex- Hal Xildhibaan
Gobolka Saaxil- Hal xildhibaan
Gobolka Togdheer- Hal xildhibaan
Gobolka Sool- Hal xildhibaan
Gobolka Sanaag- Hal xildhibaan
B) Golaha Guurtida
Haddii ay xildhibaannada Golaha Guurtidu ku imanayaan doorasho, waxan codsanaynaa in beelaha la haybsooco lix kursi loo qoondooyeo. Haddiise la soo xulayo waxan soo jeedinaynaa in beelaha la haybsooco loo qoondeeyo 3 kursi.
C)  Goolayasha Deegaanka
Iyada oo laga duulayo khibrada iyo waayo aragnimada aynu ka barangay doorashooyinkii hore u dhacay waxaa aanu golayaasha ka codsanaynaa in sidoo kale qoondo gaar ah looga qorsheeyo dadka la hayb sooco golaayasha deegaanka. Somaliland waxa ay leedahay 23 degmo doorasho, waxase doorashooyinku ay si toos ah uga dhacaan 21 ka mid ah. Sidaas daraadeed waxaa aanu soo jeedinaynaa in qoondada dadka la hayb sooco laga dhigo sidan:
In ugu yaraan 14 kursi oo 7-da magaalo ee darajada A-da ah looga qoondeeyo beelaha la haybsooco; magaalooyinkaas oo kala ah Boorama, Gabiley, Hargeysa, Berbera, Burco, Ceerigaabo iyo Laascaanood.

Ugu dambayn, waxaa aanu ugu baaqaynaa hay’adaha Qaramada Midoobay iyo saaxiibbada beesha caalamka ee taageera hanaanka doorashooyinka iyo geedisocodka dimuqraadiyadda Somaliland in ay door weyn ka ciyaaraan sidii loo ansixin lahaa qoondooyinka beelaha la haybsooco oo loo Gudbiyey Golaha Wakiillada Somaliland.
Mahadsanidiin,
Magacyada Odayaasha iyo Aqooyahanka soo saaray warmurtiyeedka 
MaxamUud Abdi Ismail, Agaasimaha ururka DYDO—————————-
Suldaan Nasir Suldan Abdi———————————————————–
Caaqil Hasan Bihi——————————————————————-
Caaqil Elmi Egah Salsal————————————————————
Caaqil Abdi Muse Muhumed——————————————————
Caaqil Awil Yusuf Ismail ————————————————————- 7.Caaqil Mohamed Abdi Ali ———————————————————— 8.Caaqil Dahir Mohamud Kahin——————————————————–
Caaqil Ismail Mohamud Awfarah—————————————————-
Muhyadin Mohamed Abdi (lawyer)————————————————-
Mohamed Jama Ibrahim (Lawyer)———————————————-
Khadar Abdi Ismail (scholar)—————————————————–
Deeq Burale Adan—————————————————————–
Shaqale Dahir Mohamed ————————————————————- 15.Abdirizaq Hussein Harir————————————————————–
Jamila Mohamed Sicid (Woman’s group) ——————————————
Ayan Abdirahman Osman (Woman’s group) ————————————-
Ido Abdi Muse (Woman’s group) ———————————————–
Amina Abdi Muse (Woman’s group) ———————————————–
Allah Mahad leh
Dhamaad





Somaliland oo ka digtay dhuxusha loo...





Somaliland oo ka digtay dhuxusha loo iib geeyo Puntland





Somaliland oo shaqaaleysiineyso 954...






hormoodka Wasaaradda Waxbarashada iyo Sayniska iyo Hay’adda Shaqaalaha dawladda, ayaa kulan ballaadhan oo ay la yeesheen madaxweynaha Jamhuuriyadda Somaliland, Mudane Muuse Biixi Cabdi iyo madaxweyne-ku-xigeenka, Mudane Cabdiraxmaan Cabdilaahi Ismaaciil (Saylici),  waxa ay kaga dhawaaqeen shaqaalaysiinta ugu yaraan 954 (sagaal boqol iyo afar iyo konton) macallin oo muddo dheer mushahar la’aan ugu shaqaynayey umaddooda.
Macallimiinta la shaqaalaysiiyey oo ka hawlgasha 1,081-ka Dugsi ee ay dawladdu leedahay ee ku yaalla guud ahaanba dalka Jamhuuriyadda Somaliland, ayaa la hawlgeliyey kaddib Kormeer ay sameeyeen 15-kooxood oo ka kala socda Wasaaradda Waxbarashada iyo Sayniska iyo Hay’adda Shaqaalaha Dawladdu, waxana ay macallimiintaasi si rasmi ah uga mid noqon doonaan shaqaalaha rasmiga ah ee qaranka, kuwaas oo heli doona mushahar joogto ah.
Guddoomiyaha hay’adda shaqaalaha dawladda, Mudane Sharma’arke Axmed Muxumed Geelle oo kulanka ay la qaateen madaxweynaha kaddib warbaahinta la hadlay, ayaa u bushaareeyey dhammaanba macallimiintii mushahar la’aanta muddada kala duwan ugu soo shaqaysay qarankooda, kuwaas shaqaale rasmi ah noqday, waxana isaga oo arrimahaas ka hadlaya uu yidhi, “Saaka waa u bushaaro iyo barkhad guud ahaanba macallimiinta Jamhuuriyadda Somaliland ee ku kala sugnaa guud ahaan dugsiyada dalka in ku dhawaad kun qof, saaka kulankii madaxweynaha  kaddib  wasaaradda waxbarashada iyo Hay’addaa shaqaaluhu ay shaqaalaysiinayaan.”
Wasiirka wasaaradda arrimaha dibadda, ahna sii hayaha xilka wasaaradda Waxbarashada iyo Sayniska, Mudane, Yaasiin Xaaji Maxamuud (Faro-toon) oo isaguna halkaas ka  hadlay, ayaa isaguna hoosta ka xarriiqay in hay’adda shaqaalaha dawladda iyo Wasaaradda Waxbarashada iyo Saynisku ay waqti badan geliyeen hubinta iyo kala hufidda macallimiinta, natiijadiina noqotay shaqaalaysiinta macallimiinta muddada tabarruca kusoo shaqaynaysay, waxana uu yidhi, “Saaka madaxweynaha iyo madaxweyne-ku-xigeenka qaranku waxa ay shir weyn oo ujeeddadiisu tahay shaacinta natiijadii kasoo baxday kormeer ballaadhan oo  wasaaradda waxbarashada iyo hay’adda shaqaaluhu wada qaadeen oo ku saabsan sidii loo sugi lahaa arrimo badan oo la xidhiidha waxbarashada,  gaar ahaan macallimiinta iyo shaqaalaha wasaaradda waxbarashada, kuwaas oo duruufo kala duwan ku jira oo lasoo tiro koobay, waxana halkan loo joogaa in lagu dhawaaqo in Kun ku dhawi inay maanta noqoto  shaqaale rasmi ah.”
Wa-bilaahi tawfiiq





Raiisal wasaare ku xigeenka oo Muqdisho...






RA’iisul Wasaare ku-xigeenka xukuumadda federaaka Soomaaliya,  Mahdi M. Gulaid oo maanta daah furay Madasha Siyaasadda Dhaqaalaha Qaranka ayaa sheegay in horumarka dhaqaalaha ee la gaaray uu ku yimid dadaal wadajir ah oo ay sameeyeen madaxda dalka oo au ugu horreeyaan Madaxweyne Maxamed Cabdullahi Maxamed (Farmaajo) iyo Ra’iisul Wasaare Xasan Cali Khayre.
Mudane Mahdi Maxamed Guuleed ayaa sheegay in wajiga sedaxaad ee Barjaaminka SMP ee loogu diyaar garooobayo cafinta daymaha lagu leeyahay dalka in uu meel wanaagsan maraayo, maadaama dawladda, shacabka iyo ganacsatada Soomaaliyeed ay si wadajir ah uga qayb qaateen qorshaha cafinta daynta lagu leeyahay Soomaaliya.
Ra’iisul Wasaare ku-xigeenka ayaa sheegay in dalkeennu uu leeyahay Khayraad aad u badan oo ku filan dadka Soomaaliyeed, hadii la isku tashado oo la iskaashadana Soomaalidu ay ka bexeyso faqriga iyo gaajada.





Ethiopia’s Comeback Flights To...






The national flag carrier airline of Turkey, Turkish Airlines should be wary of Africa’s largest airline by revenue and profit comeback as it seeks to grow its influence and dominance in the continent. Ethiopia Airlines, Ethiopia’s flag carrier resumed its Addis – Ababa flight early this month after close to four decades of absence.
The Ethiopian Airlines halted its Mogadishu, Somalia flight over 41 years ago, following a border conflict that emerged between the two sister countries in the 1970s. The historical Ogaden War between July 1977 and March 1978 was a territorial and political vendetta that caused bad blood between the East African countries breaking economic cooperation.
A similar incident was between Eritrea and Ethiopia that crippled any bilateral relations between them for a long time. Such political disputes have rendered most African countries growth and development in their economies leaving agony at the core of the disagreements. However, African governments are experiencing a reformation as they look to build better futures for their citizens.
Since Turkish Airlines was the only other carrier operating the Mogadishu flight, the re-start of the Addis Ababa – Mogadishu flight by the Ethiopian will spur stiffer competition in the aviation sector. Ethiopian Airlines has proved to be no match for other African airlines as it has soared higher and wider beyond the boundaries of the continent.
As cited by the African Exponent site, the Ethiopian Airline Group CEO Tewolde Gebremariam said: “Flight to Mogadishu is our 117 destination after over 40 years…that is achieved because of the peace and friendship prevailing in the Horn of Africa. “This direct commercial flight to Somalia promotes tourism, trade, and investment, we are planning to start cargo flight and increase the flight frequencies to daily and double daily.
“We have already checked that Mogadishu is peaceful and secured now. “Our flights will quickly grow to multiple daily flights given the huge volume of traffic between the two sisterly countries and the significant traffic between Somalia and the rest of the world.”





International Conference ON PROSPECTS...






International Conference ON PROSPECTS FOR A HORN OF AFRICA CONFEDERATION “Integrating our Common Future” presented by The Institute on Black Life, The Center for Africa and the Diaspora, and The Office of International Affairs at The University of South Florida and The U. S. Africa Education Foundation NOVEMBER 14 – 15, 2002 EMBASSY SUITES TAMPA USF/BUSCH GARDENS TAMPA, FLORIDA We would like to express our appreciation to the Board of the County Commissioners for their support. Mr. Spencer Albert of the Department of Economic Development also deserves our thanks for all his assistance. PROSPECTS FOR A HORN OF AFRICA CONFEDERATION PAGE Overview of the Horn of Africa Situated in lofty and often inaccessible mountains to the north, and extending far into the Gulf of Aden to the east, and the Indian Ocean to the southeast, Kenya to the south and the Sudan to the west, the countries that make up the Horn of Africa roughly occupy 1.88 million sq. km. Principally four countries, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Djibouti and Somalia, make up the Horn of Africa and have a total population of 75 million, which is estimated to reach 144 million in 25 years. The Horn of Africa is known for its rich history and culture recognized in the Bible, the Quoran and ancient writings including those of the Pharonic, and the Greco-Roman empires. This region owed its importance in ancient times to the fact that it was the source of the mighty Nile and lay beside one of the worldís most important international trade routes which linked through the Red Sea, the Mediterranean, and hence the West with Arabia, India, China, and the Far East. The ancient Egyptians who provide our first important testimony on the region knew the area on both counts. The Ethiopian highlands they realized were the source of the Nile, to whose water and silt Egypt owed its very existence. At the Same time the low and arid country towards the coast, perhaps stretching from the Red Sea coasts of Eritrea, through the rift valley depressions of Ethiopia, down to the Indian Ocean coasts of Somalia, constituted the core of the land of Punt, a term coined by the ancient Egyptians, whence the Pharaohs obtained articles of immense value for their devotions and life. On this account, they spoke of the region as ìGodís land.î Trade between the Horn of Africa region and the countries of Arabia and Asia also flourished in ancient times with such exports as raw materials, ivory, myrrh, incense, and spices and imports of cloth, swords, and cinnamon (Pankhrust). The Horn of Africa is endowed with rich natural resources including agriculture, water, and energy. It is well known that for example, 85% of the river Nile that sustains Egypt originates from Ethiopia. It is a region that has ports on the Red Sea, the Gulf of Aden and the Indian Ocean. If developed, its substantial agricultural and water resources could make the region a breadbasket for the benefit of its people as well as the international community. Being adjacent to the Red Sea, the Horn of Africa is located along one of the most crucial sea lanes for international trade. Its proximity to the oil producing nations of the Arabian peninsula as well as its hosting the headquarters of the African Union, the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa, Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD) and several other indigenous and international non governmental organizations renders the Horn of Africa extremely important in terms of geo-political considerations on the international level. Due to various reasons including devastating conflicts, recurring droughts and a high incidence of HIVAIDS, the region is currently suffering from serious underdevelopment. High levels of poverty, rampant diseases and frequent bouts of starvation currently characterize the Horn of Africa. Sustained peace and stability accompanied by an accelerated economic development in the Horn of Africa would certainly raise the standard of living of the people in the region as well as benefit the international community in terms of trade and global security. Conference Objectives ♦ To develop the modalities for sustainable economic development; ♦ To articulate a new vision of alternative modalities of cooperation and collaboration to effect a Horn of Africa Confederation (Economic, Social, Political); ♦ To identify the advantages of a confederation for the Horn of Africa countries (initially Somalia, Djibouti, Ethiopia and Eritrea), focusing on the achievement of peace, stability, accelerated economic development, and democracy; and ♦ To initiate sustainable momentum and to define next steps for the establishment of the confederation. 1 PROSPECTS FOR A HORN OF AFRICA CONFEDERATION PAGE Thursday, November 14, 2002 9:00 A.M. – 10:30 A.M. PLENARY SESSION Salon E Greetings: Dr. O. Geoffrey Okogbaa, Director, Institute on Black Life, USF Opening Remarks: Dr. JoAnn McCarthy, Dean, Office of International Affairs, USF Welcome: Dr. S. David Stamps, Provost, USF Occasion: Fassil Gabremariam, President, U.S. Africa Foundation Special Presentation: Tsegaye Gabre-Medhin, Poet Laureate Plenary Address: Zachary Teich, Deputy Director, Office of Eastern Africa Affairs U.S. State Department Keynote Address: His Excellency Dr. Kenneth Kaunda, Former President of the Republic of Zambia (1964 – 1991) 10:30 A.M. – 10:45 A.M. BREAK 10:45 A.M. – 12:45 P.M. THREE CONCURRENT WORKSHOPS WORKSHOP 1: POLITICAL AND SOCIAL ISSUES Salon E Co-Chairs: – Earl Conteh-Morgan, Professor, University of South Florida – Walter S. Clarke, Independent Consultant, Strategic & Multidisciplinary Planning Speakers: – Dr. Daniel Kendie, Henderson University – Tseggai Isaac, Ph.D., University of Missouri- Rolla – Dr. Abdi Kusow, Oakland University – Dr. Festus Ohaegbulam, University of South Florida – Rapporteur WORKSHOP 2: ECONOMIC ISSUES Magnolia Room Chair: Dr. Assefa Mehretu, Michigan State University Speakers: – Dr. Sisay Asefa, Western Michigan University – Michael Wales, FOOD & Agriculture Organization (FAO) – Juliet Elu, Ph.D., Spelman College – Rapporteur WORKSHOP 3: HEALTH ISSUES Citrus Room Chair: Dr. Ahmed Moen, Howard University Speakers: – Dr. Mohamed A. Jama & Dr. Abdulahi Mohamed, World Health Organization (WHO) – Dr. Paul Zeitz, Hope for African Children – Dr. Clement Gwede, Moffit H. Lee Cancer Center & Research Institute – Rapporteur 12:45 P.M. – 01:55 P.M. LUNCH Keynote Address: – Dr. Ayele Negussay, University of California, Los-Angeles (UCLA) 2 PROSPECTS FOR A HORN OF AFRICA CONFEDERATION PAGE Thursday, November 14, 2002 05:00 P.M. – 06:50 P.M. Business Forum Salon E Greetings: Dr. O. Geoffrey Okogbaa, Director, Institute on Black Life Opening Remarks: Dr. JoAnn McCarthy, Dean, Office of International Affairs Welcome: Dr. Judy Genshaft, President, University of South Florida (USF) Plenary Address: His Excellence, Dr. Kenneth Kaunda, Former President of the Republic of Zambia (1964- 1991) Chair: Fassil Gabremariam, President, U.S. Africa Foundation Speakers: ! Sam Smoots, Overseas Private Investment Corporation (OPIC) ! Brian Chigawa, Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA) ! Bryant Salter, Enterprise Florida ! Tegegnework Gettu, United Nations Development Program (UNDP) ! Inger Andersen, World Bank (WB) 07:00 P.M. – 08:30 P.M. Dinner 02:00 P.M. – 04:30 P.M. WORKSHOPS CONTINUED WORKSHOP 1: POLITICAL AND SOCIAL ISSUES Salon E – Dr. Mesfin Araya, City University of New York (CUNY) – Ms. Ebyan Salah, Som-Cam Institute for Research & Development – Ephraim Isaac, Ph.D., D.H.L. (Honorary), Princeton University WORKSHOP 2: ECONOMIC ISSUES Magnolia Room – Brian Chigawa, Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA) – Tegegnework Gettu, United Nations Development Program (UNDP) – Inger Andersen, World Bank (WB) WORKSHOP 3: HEALTH ISSUES Citrus Room – Dr. Kopano Mukelabai, (UNICEF) – Eknath Naik, M.D., Ph.D., MSPH, University of South Florida (USF) 3 PROSPECTS FOR A HORN OF AFRICA CONFEDERATION PAGE Friday, November 15 08:30 A.M. – 10:30 A.M. ! PRESENTATION BY CHAIRPERSONS OF PRELIMINARY DRAFT REPORTS ! DISCUSSION 10:30 A.M. – 10:45 P.M. BREAK 10:45 A.M. – 12:00 P.M. THREE CONCURRENT WORKSHOPS WORKSHOP 1: POLITICAL AND SOCIAL ISSUES Salon E Discussions WORKSHOP 2: ECONOMIC ISSUES Magnolia Room Discussions WORKSHOP 3: HEALTH ISSUES Citrus Room – Dr. Elizabeth Onjoro, President Advisory Council for HIV/AIDS (PACHA) – Discussions 12:00 P.M. – 02:00 P.M. LUNCH 03:00 P.M. – 04:30 P.M. PLENARY GENERAL CONCLUSION/RECOMMENDATIONS AND REMAINING ISSUES Salon E ! Kidane Alemayehu, United-Nations (Retired) ! Dr. O. Geoffrey Okogbaa, Director, Institute on Black Life, USF ! Dr. JoAnn McCarthy, Dean, Office of International Affairs, USF 4 PROSPECTS FOR A HORN OF AFRICA CONFEDERATION PAGE 5 PROSPECTS FOR A HORN OF AFRICA CONFEDERATION PAGE Problems and Prospects for a Horn of Africa Confederation There are indeed strong cultural, economic, and political reasons to treat the Horn of Africa as a single region; not only does it have intra-regional cultural ties, particularly in the border areas, but also major common problems-ranging from drought, recurrent famine, environmental degradation, poverty, disease to political instability: major problems whose solutions require collective concerted efforts. The need for, and significance of, a confederation, therefore, could not be argued more. The hard question is -when and how? Focusing on the nature of the state and the role it has assumed in the region, this study tries to highlight the formidable problem that any attempt at a socially meaningful confederation is bound to confront; it strongly underlines the fundamental need to treat a confederation project as primarily a process that must be cultivated from below rather than as a thing that could easily be manipulated from above; the study concludes by outlining some suggestions that may improve the prospects. The historical tragedy in the Horn is that there is no social group solidly anchored in the productive process to entertain- largely driven by class interest- a broader, regional, vision; nor sadly enough is there an individual political figure that could command moral and intellectual authority. On the contrary, what we have is a social condition where the state has become highly prized, as it is the major instrument of private capital accumulation; politics, in other words, has become, above and beyond everything else, the primary social activity- a condition necessarily generating social tensions, factionalism, authoritarianism, and recurrent violence. It is not a mere accident, or coincidence that the countries in the Horn of Africa are violently torn apart from within and from each other. The notion of statesmanship, visionary leadership, has been reduced to the politics of fiefdom, to the politics of the belly. Apparently, unmanageable crisis of governance has prevailed; this problem of the state and the role it has assumed may be a post-colonial African phenomenon, but it is extremely manifested in the Horn with all its distractive social ramifications. As long as the politics of private fiefdom is widely entertained as the highest political virtue, let alone a confederation even the survival of the countries as nation-states may be doubtful. For peace, social development, and sustainable confederation to reign, a profound change of the nature and role of the state in the region is a vital precondition. The study explores three closely-related building- blocks that may improve the prospects : (1) Democratization of the region: Authoritarian political culture could not sustain a confederation , the 1998-2000 Ethio-Eritrean war ought to be instructive; (2) Fostering coordination and institutional linkages of intra-regional civil society activities- the purpose being to cultivate a new regional political culture of diversity and tolerance- a critical missing link in the Horn; (3) Expanding and strengthening intra-regional trade-there is, indeed, a de-facto regional economic community represented by the long-standing ìUnofficialî, ìillegalî, intra-regional trade that has thrived in peace as well as in war; appropriate mechanisms to strengthen this tradition need to be explored. Expanded resources and market opportunities may, in the long run, help produce more economic and less political animals- a necessary foundation for a sustainable confederation. Mesfin Araya York College, City University of New York Political and Social Issues 6 PROSPECTS FOR A HORN OF AFRICA CONFEDERATION PAGE Confederate Communities: A Step at a Time The creation of confederate communities for the promotion of peace and stability has a long tradition in the scholarship of states. Scholars of integration theory long prophesized that nation-states would opt for common bond when and if they were provided with the requisite tools that would bring them together. What is needed, they argued, is the adoption of effective measures that would highlight issues of commonality while erasing causes for conflict. The introduction of a confederate system offers a good first step to community integration. When integration theory was first introduced, its ardent advocates foretold of the possibilities of the nation-stateís transformation into a ìsecurity community.î A security-community in this case was defined as ìone in which there is real assurance that the members of that community will not fight each other physically, but will settle their disputes in some other way. If the entire world were integrated as a security-community, wars would be automatically eliminatedî (Deutsche, Karl W. 1957). A security community would evolve into an integrated community with little interest in war and much given to tranquility and peace. Borderlines would be erased, and the nationstate would evolve into an idyllic amalgam of integrated citizens who have foresworn their nationalist idiosyncrasies for a community of political brotherhood. The idea of ìcommunityî was part of the conceptual lexicons that constituted integration theory. Advocates of the theory invoked the concept of confederation as the preliminary step towards integration. To that effect, when Deutsche and his colleagues spearheaded the theory, they made a modest prediction. They stated that some regions would make headway in eliminating conditions for war by creating confederate features that would engage citizens, economic factors, and social organizations into mutually supportive trans-border establishments. Time has proven them right, and the robustness of their theory can be found in the integration of Western Europe through the Euro, in the disintegration of the Eastern Bloc, and in the onset of democratic rules in the former members of the Warsaw Pact. However, the theory of community security does have some weaknesses. Its application in Third World settings reveals that political integration without the requisite tools for economic integration is meaningless. It may even foster suspicion among members leading to the escalation of conflict. This paper will spell out the preliminary steps needed for the onset of a full-blown confederate system in the Horn of Africa. The prospects of widening its scope into neighboring states will be discussed in details. Tseggai Isaac, Ph.D. University of Missouri-Rolla Ephraim Isaac, Ph.D., D.H.L. (Hon.) Princeton University 7 PROSPECTS FOR A HORN OF AFRICA CONFEDERATION PAGE Problems and Prospects for a Horn of Africa Confederation/Federation ìMen never tend to do evil so completely and cheerfully as when they do it from religious convictions.î Pascal, PansËes A confederation is an association of sovereign states, which surrender specific powers for particular purposes. All other powers are retained by the original states, which otherwise enjoy relative independence. Members cooperate in matters of defence and foreign affairs. The forum for solving conflicts by peaceful means can be provided. Members also enjoy the advantages of free trade and economic cooperation in a wider area. Confederation is therefore a step towards a higher level of political and economic integration, including federation. The four neighbouring countries of the Horn of Africa – Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia and Somalia ñ have close historical, cultural, strategic, economic and political relations. Although they operate as four separate states, they are, in many ways, interdependent and complementary. In so far as Ethiopia is the natural hinterland of Djibouti, Eritrea, and Somalia, the three states in turn are Ethiopiaís natural outlets to the sea. The history of the Horn of Africa, without doubt, has been characterized by destructive conflicts. Although different interpretations have been provided to the conflicts in the past, they have been driven by economic and strategic interests, by competition to control scarce resources, and by super-power rivalry to dominate the sub-region. Islamic fundamentalism should now be included as the new threat to the peace and security of the Horn. Given intelligent leadership, these countries have the potential to move from interdependence to integration. While the idea of confederation is commendable, the problem is that the objective and subjective conditions are not ripe for it, but for change of regimes. Ethiopia does not have a government worthy of its name. The Ethiopian people are anxiously waiting for the removal of the anachronistic regime and its replacement by a regime that is driven by Pan-Ethiopian nationalism, and that is inclusive and democratic. Somalia does not even exist as a state. Djibouti has to grapple with Afar and Issa rivalry, and everybody is running away from the regime in Asmara. Moreover, these states are at logger-heads with one another. What kind of confederation does one make of this state of affairs? There is also the question of normalization of state relations, which by itself would be no small a task. This paper suggests the building of the common infrastructure to facilitate communications and trade between these countries, so that on a case-by-case basis cooperative agreements can be negotiated. This is so because what is appropriate, let us say, for Eritrea and Ethiopia would not necessarily be appropriate for Somalia and Ethiopia. Should Ethiopia and Eritrea establish a common market? Should Djibouti and Ethiopia go for a customs union? How feasible is a free trade area for Somalia and Ethiopia in which quotas, tariff barriers and discriminatory taxes would be removed? In this respect, the establishment of an Institute for Horn of Africa Studies that can conduct research on these and on a variety of other issues would be highly commendable. Even some measure of development cooperation can create possibilities for political accommodation, and once the benefits of cooperation, however limited, are demonstrated, they can have multiplier effects. The envisaged cooperation can assuage internal frictions, minimize external interference, especially that of Islamic fundamentalism in the affairs of the sub-region, and create propitious conditions to help address the various questions of the sub-region, including the overlapping problems of nomadism and incessant drought. It will also facilitate the wide-spread mobilization of resources for growth and development. Daniel D. Kendie, Ph.D Henderson University 8 PROSPECTS FOR A HORN OF AFRICA CONFEDERATION PAGE Horn of Africa Women: ìRebuilding A Future Togetherî Womenís empowerment and their full participation on the basis of equality in all spheres of society including participation in the decision-making process and access to power are fundamental for the achievement of equality, development and peace. Beijing Declaration (Para 13) (United Nations, 1996). The world is experiencing a period of profound and rapid change. Borders are shifting, communication gaps are shrinking, and new roles are being defined for Governments, institutions and individuals. In this process, in general, womenís contributions might not be visible, but women are driving forces – and sometimes the leaders – in these changes (Somcan 1999:39). The International communities have been slow coming (to say the least), and precious time has been wasted already over the last decade or so to prevent and support peace and security in the Horn of Africa. Those who remain skeptical have lot of justification to feel that way. Now, after the September 11, 2000, the world is talking and saying that a dialogue about Confederation of Horn of Africa is desirable, indeed essential. But, is the Horn of Africa region ready for this challenge? This paper examines the concept of Human Security ìWomen, Peace and Securityî in the context of the Horn of Africa regions, mainly Ethiopia, Somalia, Eritrea and Djibouti. This paper aims to provide a common base for debate and analysis at the challenges and opportunities for women in the Horn of Africa on this new agenda of (Confederation). At the end, I will draw some important points that Diaspora community from the region and the international community would do to help the situation? I conclude with a summary of the issues mentioned above and pose questions for considerations and concrete recommendations, to assist in setting the course of future actions. Ms. Ebyan Ladane Salah Som-Can Institute for Research and Development (SOMCAN) Dr. Abdi Kusow Oakland University Social Inequalities and Political Confderation in the Horn of Africa: A Sociological Analysis 9 PROSPECTS FOR A HORN OF AFRICA CONFEDERATION PAGE Challenges to Economic Integration and Development in the Horn of Africa: Implications for Ethiopia* The purpose of this paper is to review some concepts and policy issues related to the challenges and opportunities for economic integration and development in the Horn of Africa with a focus on Ethiopia. The central thesis of the paper is that Ethiopia and the other states of the Horn need to overcome internal structural challenges to economic development, and integration, and stability in order to have any chance to bring about successful economic integration that may be of mutual benefit to the peoples of the Region. The paper pursues this objective by reviewing some basic concepts of economic development, integration and globalization including some of the challenges to economic development and integration in contemporary Ethiopia. With some 60 million people, which constitute about 83 percent of the Regionís population, Ethiopia is the largest state in the Horn. It is also one of the most populated states in the Africa, and it is home to all the other peoples of the Horn. Thus, any proposed confederation must be based on a significant internal political and economic reform aimed at strengthening Ethiopia to serve as a role model for the Horn. A democratic system of governance at individual state level is a pre-requisite for sustainable economic integration in the Horn of Africa. Specifically, a democratically re-constituted and strengthened Ethiopia is especially crucial for a viable and stable confederation of the Horn. Ethiopia may have to play a similar role as Nigeria in Economic Organization of West African States (ECOWAS), if the proposed Horn Confederation is to have viability that may lead to stable economic integration for the benefit all the peoples of the Horn. A weak Ethiopia is likely to lead to a massive instability and violence in the Region. The paper will focus on the challenges and prospects of integration in Horn of Africa, with the role and implications for the economy of Ethiopia in that process. The paper is tentatively organized into the following sections: ♦ Introduction ♦ Economic Integration and Globalization concepts ♦ Multinational Agreements & Institutions ♦ Regional Integration Experiences in Africa ♦ Recent & Emerging Regional Agreements & Institutions in Africa ♦ Ethiopiaís Trade with the Horn & the Rest of Africa ♦ Challenges & Prospects for Economic Integration in the Horn of Africa: The Role of Ethiopia ♦ Conclusion and Policy Implications Sisay Asefa Western Michigan University Inger Andersen Sector Manager Water and Urban Division, Macro-Economic Department, Poverty Reduction Management World Bank (WB) Economic Issues 10 PROSPECTS FOR A HORN OF AFRICA CONFEDERATION PAGE COMESA IN BRIEF The Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA) is a regional integration grouping of twenty (20) African states which have agreed to promote regional integration through trade development and to develop their natural and human resources for the mutual benefit of all their peoples. The Member States of COMESA are Angola, Burundi, Comoros, Democratic Republic of Congo, Djibouti, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritius, Namibia, Rwanda, Seychelles, Sudan, Swaziland, Uganda, Zambia and Zimbabwe. COMESA was established in 1994 as a successor to the Preferential Trade Area for Eastern and Southern Africa (PTA), which had been in existence since 1981 within the framework of the Organisation of African Unityís (OAU) Lagos Plan of Action and the Final Act of Lagos. PTA was established to take advantage of a larger market size, to share the regionís common heritage and destiny and to allow greater social and economic co-operation, with the ultimate objective being to create an economic community with high standards of living for its people. Currently, COMESA is one of the regional organisations that the African Union and the New Partnership for Africaís Development (NEPAD) recognise as a vehicle and a building block for Africaís development, especially from the point of view of developing the continentís infrastructure. Brian Chigawa Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA) Education, Gender, And Growth In Sub-Saharan Africa In the economic literature, investment in education and human capital has always been perceived as a mechanism in which to enhance productivity, promote growth, and alleviate poverty. As the universal campaign of how to deal with global poverty particularly sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) continues to frustrate policy makers, the recognition of how to effectively integrate gender issues into development theory has been revisited by bilateral and multilateral agencies. The acknowledgment between education and poverty relief in the rural sectors of SSA has consistently been emphasized. For example, studies conducted by World Bank in 1994, suggested that return on investment in human capital is higher for women than it is for men in developing countries, particularly in the area of primary education. The previous studies on the rate of return on education have focused on the macro measurement which is basically the GDP growth rate, however, the invaluable contribution of women is so large that any reasonable valuation would lead to a fundamental change in the premises on which todayís economic, social and political structures are found. The micro labor market estimates the monetary return to schooling in terms of costbenefit analysis. Gender based-asset inequality especially in the area of access to secondary education continues to hinder SSA and other developing countries and has served as an impediment to growth and poverty reduction. The intent of my discussion and paper is to measure the micro variables and the rate of return on education in the labor market for women in SSA which has not been adequately addressed. Social, economic, and political harmony can be achieved in Africa if gender issues are effectively integrated into the development paradigm. Juliet Elu, Ph.D. Spelman College 11 PROSPECTS FOR A HORN OF AFRICA CONFEDERATION PAGE Economic Trends in the Horn of Africa • Look into what led to the decline of the economy of the Horn in the past decades; why development management stumbled; • The general trends and the way forward • The need for economic integration, conditions for region wide economic integration such as elimination of conflict, growth triangle, promotion of social cohesion, responsive institutions, improving the governance system etc. and areas of UNDPís possible assistance to facilitate this effort. In economic we cannot talk of economic confederation as political confederation but of economic integration to facilitate political confederation or a kind of political unity that brings or leads to peace and prosperity. Tegegnework Gettu United Nations Development Program (UNDP) 12 PROSPECTS FOR A HORN OF AFRICA CONFEDERATION PAGE A Geographic Appraisal for Regional Integration in the Horn of Africa: A Vision toward a more Enlightened Mode of Cooperation for Peace and Development. The purpose of this paper is first to argue for a more constructive and progressive discourse on the cultural, political and economic relations in the horn, and second to point out the various geographic complementarities for development that would be realized with regional integration in the region. It is also argued that the second objective can only be realized if the first problem is successfully addressed. The current discourse on cultural, political economic relations in the region, which began to form over four decades ago, was centered on more narrow and uninspired application of postmodernist notions of difference and identity whose eventual resolution produced clan-based fission and conflict throughout the region. Because of its lack of principled positions and expedient distortions of history, exaggerated stereotypes, this position is characterized as divisionary revisionist. Divisionary revisionism was a discourse of choice by the radical elements ranging between the pseudo-left on the one hand and the ethnic fundamentalists on the other. Without any credible challenge, divisionary revisionism succeeded in destroying the social and cultural capital of the peoples of the region and squandered the vital economic resources in decades of internecine conflicts it engendered. Opposed to this is the position of progressive deconstructionist, which while it subscribes to a more enlightened use of postmodernist ideas of difference and identify, it would avoid political and economic paralysis that would result from zero-sum tugs of war between particularized, balkanized and impoverished entities. The appeal of progressive deconstructionism is its intellectual defense of postmodernist deconstructionist logic for redress of social injustices of the past and construct egalitarian and democratic systems without recourse to parochialism and ethnic fragmentation.. The progressive deconstructionist approach would unleash forces of integration in the region and would enable the people to use their collective energies for their own progress and development. Recent histories of political centrifuge notwithstanding, the countries of the Horn possess numerous geographic complementarities that would produce significant dividends to all peoples of the Horn. The countries of the region share ethnic identities and cultures. The borders between these countries are colonial and do not represent homogenous ethnic or cultural closures. The people have had a long history of living together and are deeply familiar with each otherís cultures and ethos. The physical characteristics such as climates, soils and rivers of the region are important factors of complementarities. Ethiopian highlands supply the lowlands of the surrounding countries with water and alluvial soils. The climatic and topographic variations offer opportunities for diverse agricultural and industrial development and exchange potentials. The three countries on the coast in the Red Sea, the Gulf of Aden and the Indian Ocean are the natural outlets for Ethiopia with potential in natural resource development of their own allowing for mutual benefits from the infrastructure of roads, rails, airlines and ports for regional as well as international exchange. The natural hinterland and the source of food security for all of the Horn and especially for the coastal regions is Ethiopia with its large population, vast agricultural resources, and extensive markets with opportunities for common-market based industrialization and product exchange. Ethiopiaís and Eritreaís public and commercial institutions have been among the best developed in Africa although they have experienced decay in recent years. But the opportunity for resilience is evident especially with regional cooperation. Regional integration based on progressive deconstruction would render traditional forces of dismemberment irrelevant and antiquated. Assefa Mehretu Michigan State University 13 PROSPECTS FOR A HORN OF AFRICA CONFEDERATION PAGE Agriculture and Food Security Aspects The Horn of Africa is one of the most food insecure regions in the world, with as many as 40 million people suffering chronic hunger. Over half the population survive on less than US$1 per day. The principal causes of hunger, according to the work of a recent UN Secretary Generalís Task Force, are drought and conflict. There have been three or four major droughts in the last 30 years, and international and internal conflicts have blighted the region. Other causes are the narrow and fragile natural resource base, poor technology with few modern inputs and limited irrigation development, large and growing incidence of HIV/AIDS which debilitates rural areas, and a generally poor enabling environment including bad governance, dependence upon humanitarian assistance, poor infrastructure, weak markets, limited access to credit and rural financial services, and few social services, especially health and education. Efforts to enhance food security in the region need to start at the national level and there are many avenues for development that remain to be explored. Regional collaboration in many different forms can strengthen development initiatives, and this is one of the cornerstones of NEPAD. The potential benefits of regional collaboration have so far eluded the intergovernmental organisation IGAD. Confederation in the region might be one way of realising such benefits, but it is not clear whether it is the only route. By far the most important benefit of better collaboration in the region would be peace and security that would allow ordinary farmers to pursue their livelihoods uninterrupted. It could also contribute to agricultural development and enhanced food security through promoting trade, better control of trans-boundary human and animal diseases and crop pests, financial market integration, resolution of international water rights to enable irrigation development, regional infrastructure development especially roads and telecommunications, and more efficient technical collaboration on research and early warning systems. Michael Wales Food Agriculture Organization 14 PROSPECTS FOR A HORN OF AFRICA CONFEDERATION PAGE Health Issues WHOís Strategic Approach to Health Co-operation in the Horn of Africa The Horn of Africa countries (Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia and Somalia) face common crises and vulnerabilities, including drought, floods, environmental degradation, armed conflicts, acute food shortages, mass displacements, and poor access to health services for vast numbers of people, especially communities living along the borders, refugees, internally displaced persons (IDPs) and pastoralists. The four countries have an estimated population of 75 million, expected to reach over 100 million by 2010, and are among the poorest countries in the world. The major causes of morbidity and mortality are those related to nutritional deficiencies and communicable diseases. Among the communicable diseases that contribute to health burden and high mortality in the sub-region are HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis and malaria. The sub-region also has two of the last ten countries in the world where poliovirus is still circulating. Moreover, health services at border areas and health information system are weak. The paper will highlight WHO approach in dealing with the Horn Region as one epidemiological block and summarizes recent activities. In 1996 and 1998, WHO organized two Public Health Conferences for the Horn of Africa attended by the Ministers of Health and program managers for communicable disease control. In 1998, the Ministers of Health signed a protocol of cooperation on communicable disease control and polio eradication focusing vulnerable populations, such as refugees, IDPs and pastoralists living in remote border areas. The Ministers requested WHO to facilitate the implementation of the recommendations of the protocol of cooperation. On that basis, WHO established the HOA Initiative to foster health collaboration among the countries with the following strategies: • Strengthening health services at border districts • Polio eradication and surveillance and control of communicable diseases at cross border areas • Strengthening of communication network of border districts and exchange of information on epidemics • Promotion of health activities as bridge for peace The paper will summarize ongoing cooperation activities between the countries in HIV/AIDS, TB and malaria control, as well as in polio eradication. It will also discuss attempts made in promoting joint meetings and health activities aimed at confidence building and bridge for peace. The WHO approach proved to be an innovative initiative that involves other UN partners and NGOs and it can be an umbrella for further strengthening of health cooperation in the Region. Lastly, it will present opportunities and challenges for future cooperation in disease control, nutrition, family health and operational research. Dr Mohamed A. Jama Deputy Regional Director, EMRO Dr Abdullahi M. Ahmed Coordinator, WHO, Horn of Africa Initiative 15 PROSPECTS FOR A HORN OF AFRICA CONFEDERATION PAGE ìHIV/AIDS as a Security Issueî. Infection rates of the HIV/AIDS continue to increase in the developed and developing world alike. In September 2002, the National Intelligence Council (NIC) in its report, “The Next Wave of HIV/AIDS,” identified HIV/AIDS as a major future security issue. Considering estimates of the alarming increase in infection rates in China, Nigeria, Ethiopia, Russia and India, the NIC predicts that the most devastating effects of HIV are yet to come. This paper will look at the socioeconomic impact of HIV/AIDS on human survival in less developed nations, with a focus on Africa. Elizabeth A. Onjoro, Ph.D. Presidential Advisory Council on HIV/AIDS (PACHA) A Regional Paradigm For Control of Communicable and Infectious Diseases The Horn of Africa includes the poorest and the most debt burdened region in Africa. The region is not only insulated from technological information and trade barriers, but also devastated by endemic violence, a failed state, drought and decadent health infrastructures. The development goals seem far out of reach of these countries because of the overwhelming poverty. In addition, the magnitude of disease burden set these region decades behind the rest of the world. This session is not meant to impose or propose superstructure structure as suggested by the title of the conference, but rather to explore workable paradigms for sustainable partnership for development. Each country is independent to set its own political and social goals and work to ensure that its own population has the sovereign rights to determine how to control and eradicate poverty and diseases. The missing link is what form of collaboration between independent partners works and how this mechanism will in the end control and eradicate poverty, communicable and water-borne disease diseases across in the region. The discussants will attempt to explore common grounds for cooperation and collaboration. There is no ready-made panacea to solve complex social, cultural and political differences in one forum. The discussants, however, have the expertise, information and understanding of the socio-economic dynamics while seeking workable paradigms. The objective realities on the ground suggest that bridging differences is germane to sustainable health and development paradigm. In the final analysis, to combat the vicious cycle of poverty, violence and ill health will demand voluntary partnership and collective will of the development community to assist the region to seek workable solutions for its own problems. Sustainable development is an opportunity that must not be passed to make a difference in the quality of life of millions of poor peoples. The consensus among the development community is to rid the Horn of Africa from diseases, famine, ignorance, conflicts and violence and promote an environment of sustainable health, peace and development. The questions are: What are the alternatives approaches to alleviate the vicious cycle of poverty and diseases in the Horn of Africa? How do we deal with the triple evils of violence, disease and poverty cannot be separated from colonial legacies and intrinsic identity crisis surrounding the newly emerging states in Africa? What are the democratic mechanisms to trigger interdependent arrangements for countries at various levels of political and socio-economic stages? Are the common historical, cultural, religious and political denominators valid entry point to influence voluntary partnership under diverse political arrangements? Ahmed A. Moen, DrPH, MPH, MHA Howard University 16 PROSPECTS FOR A HORN OF AFRICA CONFEDERATION PAGE Dr. Kopano Mukelabai, United Nations Childrenís Fund (UNICEF) The Global Roll Back Malaria Intiative; Its impact on malaria prevention and control in countries in the Horn of Africa. Malaria is endemic in countries in the Horn of Africa. These include Ethiopia, Somalia, Djibouti, Eritrea and Yemen. These countries are also often affected by malaria epidemics which result in increased mortality and morbidity in both children and adults. The situation of malaria in these countries including its economic impact will be discussed; strategies to control malaria will be outlined. The paper will discuss in detail feasible and cost effective strategies and interventions to control and prevent malaria such as: the use of Insecticide Treated Nets (ITNs) including the new technology of Long Lasting Insecticide Treated Nets as part of vector control to prevent malaria; the prevention of malaria during pregnancy; improving early diagnosis and access to treatment including early referral; and improving epidemic preparedness and effective response to malaria epidemics including in complex emergencies. The paper will conclude with the need for improved partnerships; importance of early detection of malaria epidemics; creating the enabling environment to prevent malaria; better emergency preparedness to save lives; and the provision of adequate resources to prevent and control malaria. Local capacity building is critical to provide on going care and prevention of malaria, especially during emergencies and epidemics. RBM partners will be called upon to strengthen National Health Systems, improve resource allocation, and to integrate malaria control within the existing National Health Systems. The Epidemiology of HIV/AIDS in Africa Africa has the highest number of HIV/AIDS infected people in the world. Approximately 3.5 million Africans were newly infected with HIV in the year 2001 bringing the total number of infections to 28.5 million. Of the worldwide total of 3 million AIDS related deaths, 2.2 million were in Africans. Approximately 11 million African children have lost one or both parents to AIDS. The epidemic toll continues to mount causing a severe developmental crisis in each of the affected countries. Countries in the sub-Saharan belt, especially in the southern cone of the continent, are most affected, with at least one adult in five living with HIV. The only countries showing signs of success in controlling the AIDS epidemic on the African continent is Uganda and to some extent Zambia. Africa faces serious financial and socio-political challenges in facing the AIDS epidemic. (Based on UNAIDS report). Eknath Naik, MD, PhD., MSPH University of South Florida 17 PROSPECTS FOR A HORN OF AFRICA CONFEDERATION PAGE Dr. Paul Zeitz Hope For African Children Lessons learned while creating a public-private partnership to deliver programs to children affected by AIDS in Sub- Sahara Africa The Hope for African Children Initiative (HACI) is a partnership initiative mobilizing additional resources to support community-based actions for children affected by HIV/AIDS and their families in Sub-Sahara Africa whilst placing vulnerable childrenís issues at the center of national and international policy discussions. Establishing trust and building consensus among and between partners demand considerable investment in time and efforts – sometimes a painful but necessary process. Translating partnership objectives into grassroot realities is a challenging participatory exercise requiring patience, flexibility, trust, and understanding. 18 PROSPECTS FOR A HORN OF AFRICA CONFEDERATION PAGE Dr. Judy Genshaft, President of the University of South Florida His Excellence, Dr. Kenneth Kaunda, Former President of the Republic of Zambia (1964-1991) • Sam Smoots, Overseas Private Investment Corporation (OPIC) • Inger Andersen, World Bank (WB) • Brian Chigawa,Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA) • Bryant Salter, Enterprise Florida • Tegegnework Gettu, United Nations Development Program (UNDP) The speakers will address the following subjects: • Investment opportunities in Africa • New Partnership for Africaís Development (NEPAD) • Trade policies and Regulation in Southern and Eastern Africa WELCOME PANEL 19 Keynote Speaker Business Forum PROSPECTS FOR A HORN OF AFRICA CONFEDERATION PAGE THE INSTITUTE The Institute on Black Life was established in the fall of 1986 by the Office of the Provost to serve as a bridge between the University and the community. Its main purpose is to be a vehicle for the utilization of faculty, staff, and student expertise in addressing University and community needs for research, training, and program development. Meeting these needs will enhance the University as well as the economic, educational, social, political, and religious life of the community. The Institute on Black Life operates as a resource center on the African American Community and other Peoples of the World African Community, and also for those issues that affect their interaction with the larger world Community. In pursuit of this mission the Institute conducts and promotes interdisciplinary research University/community based programs, faculty and student development programs and activities related to social and economic initiatives to enhance the quality of life of all People. The Institute has an active research program with faculty representation from all disciplines. It serves as a center for generating and supporting research and creative activities. Dr. O. Geoffrey Okogbaa, Director Dr. Marvin Moore, Assoc. Director Ms Cheriese Edwards, Coordinator Mrs. Clara Cobb, Program Assistant Dr. Humphrey Regis, Faculty Associate Mr. Michel Louissaint, Computer Specialist Mr. Patrick Sandji, Student Liaison Mr. Braulio Colon, Student Liaison Ms. Leila Sethom, Student Liaison 20





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Meet Leila Ali Elmi, the first-ever...





With the rising uncertainty over the status of migrants in many European countries, the election of Somali-born woman as a member of parliament in Sweden is a welcome reprieve for many Somali immigrants in the country.
Leila Ali Elmi has made history as the first Somali and East African woman to be voted into the Riksdag, as the Swedish parliament is known. Running on a Green Party ticket, she will represent the Angered District in Gothenburg. It will not be her first time representing her people as she was a member of the Angered district council since 2014.
More about this
Photo: Hiiraan Online
Elmi, who left Somalia in the 1990s, has been living in Sweden’s second largest city, where more than 14,000 Somalis also reside.  Her home district is considered to have one of the highest employment rates and has been constantly referred to as “deprived and isolated.”
Among the things on her priorities is education.
“I come from a suburb and grew up in a suburb, the issue that matters to me is school policy, in the socioeconomically deprived areas it’s pretty bad schools, we have to focus on the school and that’s the question I especially when I enter the Riksdag,” she said.
According to reports, many people considered Elmi an underdog and even referred to her as ‘hidden’ because she was not a popular candidate. Her campaign worked as she connected more with people at the grassroots level.
Elmi now joins the long list of Somali-born political leaders that includes America’s Ilhan Omar, who is hoping to represent Minnesota in the Congress.Illhan Omar…Knight Errant
Omar defeated Rep. Keith Ellison in Minnesota’s fifth congressional district. She also made history as the first Somali legislator in the United States in 2016.
Somali-born Magid Magid also made history for becoming the youngest person to become the mayor of Sheffield. and just like Elmi, he had served as a councillor and later served as deputy mayor before his election.Photo: YouTube





Somalia is Becoming a Pawn in a UAE-...






© Provided by Albawaba.com
Somalia President Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed Farmajo in Abu Dhabi, April 2017 | Somali Embassy UAE
By Eleanor BeevorIt’s been a breathless few weeks for the Horn of Africa in general, and for Somalia in particular. A historic agreement was signed between Somalia, Eritrea and Ethiopia to end all hostilities between them. Straight afterwards, Eritrea reconciled with Djibouti. For the first time in decades, it seems that the regional capitals are sincerely ready to make peace, and to build on it. But though this is no doubt good news, it will not solve Somalia’s internal strife. This week, Somalia’s future is looking extremely uncertain. And that is – at least partly - because it has become embroiled in the Gulf crisis that has pitted Qatar against its neighbours.Somalia is meant to be getting ready to take charge of its own security. The African Union Mission in Somalia (AMISOM) was coined as a “peace support” mission in 2007, to help Somali forces oust the Al-Qaeda linked Al Shabaab insurgent group from the capital Mogadishu. But its six-month mandate kept being expanded, and a decade later it is still there. It is now comprised of over 21,000 troops from six contributing African nations.Whilst it has been indispensable in pushing back Al Shabaab and in providing some fragile security, it can’t by any standards be thought of as a “support” mission anymore. AMISOM effectively replaced the Somali National Army (SNA) in combatting Al Shabaab. But now, it is talking about winding back its presence in the country.AMISOM wants to withdraw a thousand troops by February 2019, and aims to be handing back all security responsibilities to the SNA and leaving Somalia by 2020 to 2021.There are no guarantees that this will go ahead as planned. Abdullahi Boru, a Somalia analyst, told Al Bawaba:“While Amisom has indicated its withdrawal, the situation in the Horn of Africa has seen sea change over the last few months, that, that decision could be reversed. I am not suggesting anything has been agreed as of yet, but having Ethiopia, Somalia and Eritrea (which has been accused of supporting Al Shabaab) on side will have a significant impact on the security situation on the ground. At the practical level, withdrawal of troops when the security situation on the ground has not changed will increase the number of attacks by Al Shabaab, and other opportunistic criminal outfits.”// But however AMISOM’s departure eventually pans out, the SNA is still a very long way from ready to assume its duties. The army has been provided with training by a number of countries - including the US, the UK, Turkey, Sudan and Egypt. But each of these militaries has differences, from how to salute to different chains of command. Reassembling the SNA into a coherent unit after it has been trained in myriad different ways will be an uphill struggle.Add to that the fact that the SNA is chronically low on resources. Somali security forces are short of everything from radios to paper and pencils. Their access to weapons is ad hoc, and corruption is rife. How things will look when the SNA assumes control from AMISOM is anybody’s guess, but it’s safe to say that it won’t be easy for them to hold the existing gains made against Al Shabaab.But a bigger security problem could be on the horizon, and it ironically comes from within Somalia’s own government system. In the past few days, five of the country’s federal states, including the semi-autonomous region of Puntland, have severed ties with the Federal Government of President Mohammed Abdullahi Farmaajo. The leaders of the states in question say that the move is to put pressure on the government, and push it to meet its goals.Farmaajo’s government is aiming for the country to have its first election with universal suffrage - “One Person, One Vote” - since the decades-long Siad Barre dictatorship. So far, the security situation has rendered this impossible. Farmaajo’s government was elected by a complex system of selection by clan leaders, as a preliminary move towards universal elections. There are a lot of doubts about whether this will be possible within the next two years. But if the government fails, it will be a major blow to its credibility.The problem is that the Somali federal system, and the country’s complex colonial history, means that there is only so much will for unity anyway. States regularly pursue their own agendas, and greater autonomy. And while there are plenty of legitimate grievances to be had with Mogadishu, it’s the country’s inconsistent relationships with the Gulf states that is cleaving the deepest divisions in Somalia right now.Up until last April, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates were some of the Farmaajo government’s closest international partners. The UAE was Somalia’s largest trading partner, and Saudi Arabia bought the majority of the livestock that Somalia exports.However, when these two countries led the blockade of Qatar in 2017, they pushed for all countries in the region to sever ties with Doha. But unlike many countries which kept quiet and maintained their links to Doha anyway, Farmaajo seemed to feel the need to openly declare Somalia’s neutrality in the Gulf crisis. (That may have been a gesture of quasi-solidarity with Turkey, which is Somalia’s largest foreign investor).The scene of the horrific October 2017 bombing by Al Shabaab in Mogadishu (AFP)This wasn’t good enough for the blockading states, and relations began to sour. Tensions between Farmaajo’s government and the UAE were already rising due to the latter’s relentless, and divisive port building campaign around the Horn of Africa. The UAE is upsetting Mogadishu by developing its own ports in Somali regions that are striving for autonomy from Somalia. One in Berbera, Somaliland, a self-declared independent state, and the other at Bosaso, in the semi-autonomous region of Puntland.The Federal Government sees this as undermining its authority vis-a-vis the state authorities. And they wouldn’t be wrong to do so – the UAE unsurprisingly likes to deal with state rather than central authorities, which give it a freer hand to pursue its interests.But things came to a head in April this year when an Emirati plane stuffed with $10 million in cash was found on a Mogadishu runway. Whilst the UAE insisted this was for the salaries of the soldiers it was training, the Federal Government didn’t buy it, and assumed the money was for influencing state politicians. The UAE pulled out its training support for the SNA in response, and its relations with Mogadishu are on ice. But Qatar has seemingly rushed in to fill the vacuum the UAE left.Farmaajo was courted with a state visit to Doha a month later, on which Qatar pledged hundreds of millions of dollars worth of aid to Somalia. And there is reason to believe Qatar’s influence is even further reaching. In recent weeks, the Somali intelligence agency NISA sacked a former deputy director for revealing that Al Shabaab had infiltrated the agency. His replacement is the former Al Jazeera bureau chief for Somalia, who is widely suspected to be pushing Qatari interests in his new position.To whatever extent this is true, the suspicion alone is a troubling development for Somali security. One of the key drivers of the current fallout between the striking states and Farmaajo’s Federal Government is disagreement over UAE relations, since federal states have a lot to gain or lose depending on their relationship with it. This is particularly true for the semi-autonomous regions, who are looking to leverage the Gulf conflict for their own interests. Abdullahi Boru added:“Somaliland and Puntland have been vying for control of the Sool and Sanaag regions because of their strategic link to the Gulf of Aden to the Ethiopian border. The increase of interest from the Gulf Countries post their fall out, has embolden the devolved authorities.”Equally, the UAE is proving itself adept at circumventing Mogadishu’s rule by dealing directly with state authorities. If Qatar is suspected of having too much influence in the Federal Government, the UAE will play states off against it, and vice versa. But this could come at a very significant security cost as AMISOM works to extract itself from Somalia.// The SNA is already fractured. But the army cannot operate effectively across a nation if individual states will not cooperate with the central government. And this is a weakness that Al Shabaab, an insurgency with deep roots in the Somali population, and with a history of innovatively undermining the government, will be sure to exploit.





After 15 years of elephants, Somalia...





A very popular bullion coin, the Somali Elephant is now in its fifteenth year. While it has displayed a pretty good variety of designs over the years, it must get harder and harder to come up with something new, so the producer has decided to add a second subject to the mix. This should run alongside the elephant, but for how long we don’t yet know.The subject chosen is an apex predator and one of the most beautiful animals in nature – the Leopard. The coin looks okay. It isn’t a particularly dynamic design, but here’s hoping it builds into a nice varied selection as the years go by. Available as a 1oz silver with a 30,000 mintage, or as a 1oz gold with a 1,000 mintage, this is a bit rarer than the norm, especially given the ever increasing numbers of elephants. Available to order from APMEX right now, availability should spread over the next few datys.
REVERSE: Features a full image of a leopard looking back over his left shoulder. In the background is a natural setting of a rocky landscape.
OBVERSE: Displays the Somalian Coat of Arms and the date along with the face value.





Somali FM receives EU Chargé d’Affaires






MOGADISHU – Minister of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation of the Federal Republic of Somalia, H.E. Amb. Ahmed Isse Awad received  the charge d’affaires of the European Union Delegation to Somalia, Mr. Fulgencio Garrido Ruiz.
Both sides discussed on issues of mutual concern, including international and regional developments.
The European Union is one of the main donors to improve the security situation in Somalia through AMISOM forces as well as training the Somali security forces to strengthen the stability and development of the country recovering from the scourge of civil wars and armed violence.





Third Girl Dies in Somalia After...






A 10-year-old girl has died in Somalia due to complications from female genital mutilation (FGM).
Mumtaz Qorane was the third child to die in the country this week after undergoing the practice, which is also known as female circumcision.
Dr. Mohamed Hussein Aden tells VOA's Somali service that the girl underwent the procedure three days ago in the countryside near the town of Goldogob, and contracted tetanus afterward.
He said a medical team sent to bring her to a hospital in the town of Galkayo was told Monday morning that the girl had died.
Aden received an emergency call about the girl’s grave condition on Sunday while talking to VOA Somali about the death of two sisters, Asiya Farah Abdi Warsame and Khadija Farah Abdi Warsame, who bled to death following FGM.
Doctors and activists said the girls died in Bur Salah village about 75 kilometers west of Galkayo, but the mutilation took place about a week ago near Galladi, across the border in the Somali region of Ethiopia.
Galkayo hospital is the main health facility used by nomads who live along the border areas between Somalia and Ethiopia.
Dr. Mohamed Hussein Aden said the two girls who died in Bur Salah were aged 10 and 11, adding, "There is no other way to describe it, it's brutal."
Activists are demanding an end to female circumcision, calling it a dangerous ritual with no practical benefits.
The practice involves removing part or all of the clitoris and labia for non-medical reasons. The World Health Organization (WHO) says cutting, often performed on girls 15 and younger, can result in bleeding, infection, problems with urination and complications with childbearing.





Somalia under renewed scrutiny over FGM...





Women's rights and gender equality
Global development
Somalia under renewed scrutiny over FGM after two more young girls die
Death of sisters aged 10 and 11 undermines hopes of change inspired by announcement of landmark prosecution

Two more girls in Somalia have died after undergoing female genital mutilation, just weeks after a high-profile case prompted the attorney general to announce the first prosecution against the practice in the country’s history.
Two sisters, aged 10 and 11, bled to death last week after they were cut in the remote pastoral village of Arawda North in Galdogob district, Puntland, said activist Hawa Aden Mohamed of the Galkayo Centre.
The deaths of Aasiyo and Khadijo Farah Abdi Warsame have come at a time of transition in Somalia, where 98% of all women and girls undergo FGM, the highest rate in the world. Most cases go unreported.
The case of Deeqa Dahir Nuur, 10, who haemorrhaged to death in July after she was operated on by a traditional cutter, prompted Somalia’s attorney general Ahmed Ali Dahir to send a team of investigators to her remote village with the aim of prosecuting those involved in her death.
The move was heralded at the time as a “defining moment for Somalia” by Mahdi Mohammed Gulaid, the deputy prime minister, , who said: “It is not acceptable that in the 21st century FGM is continuing in Somalia. It should not be part of our culture. It is definitely not part of the Islamic religion.”
However, activists in the country say the death of the two sisters proves that the government is not moving quickly enough to prevent further incidents.
“It is shocking that, with the massive publicity of the Deeqa case and subsequent commitment by the Somali government to do more, on the ground change does not yet seem to be happening,” said Brendan Wynne of Donor Direct Action, an international women’s group that runs a fund to end FGM. “Girls continue to die from this devastating abuse while we wait for politicians to move.”
FGM is technically illegal in Puntland, a semi-autonomous state in north-eastern Somalia, where lawmakers recently approved legislation outlawing the practice.
“Yet there seems to be reluctance in discussing and passing the anti-FGM law in Puntland, which was recently approved by the cabinet,” said Mohamed.
“We hope that this will serve as a wake-up call for those responsible to see the need to have the law in place to protect girls from this heinous practice.”
Most girls in Somalia undergo the most severe form of circumcision – during which external genitalia are removed or repositioned and the vaginal opening is sewn up, leaving only a small hole through which to pass menstrual blood – between the ages of five and nine. The operation is often performed by untrained midwives or healers using knives, razors or broken glass.
The two girls underwent the surgery on 10 September but bled continuously for 24 hours, said Mohamed. Their mother tried to take them to nearby Bursallah town to seek medical help but the girls died during the journey, according to Mohamed.
Somali-born FGM survivor and campaigner Ifrah Ahmed said the sisters’ deaths were “very upsetting” given Puntland’s professed interest in outlawing the practice.
“I’m still in shock after Deeqa’s death and hearing this [news] is very upsetting, very sad, losing two little girls again to female genital mutilation,” said Ahmed.
“Puntland has approved the anti-FGM bill and still young girls are losing their lives. Immediate action needs to be taken by international donors who support Somalia, and by the federal government of Somalia [itself].”





Dhulka Hooyo Project: Celebrating...





Sara Jabril started the “ Dhulka Hooyo Project “ after stumbling upon an old family photo album.This online photography project unveils the beauty and rich cultural heritage of Somalia in the 1980s, before the civil war.*
All photos were taken by Sabine, Sara’s mother.Born in West Germany, she met her future husband in the early 80’s and in 1985, she hopped on a plane to Mogadishu, a city she barely knew! With her camera in hand, she documented their stay and road trips across the beautiful country.
In Somali language, one could translate “Dhulka Hooyo” by homeland or motherland. A quite befitting title as Somalia was home to all the people forced to leave the country because of the civil war that broke out.
The “ Dhulka Hooyo Project “ is also a tribute to the resilience of the Somali people, and a source of inspiration for its youth dispersed throughout the diaspora.
@Nigeriasinsight





Somali PM rejects foreign mediation in...





By ABDULKADIR KHALIFMore by this Author
Somali Prime Minister Hassan Ali Khayre has said that his government would not accept foreign mediation between the member states and the federal government.Mr Khayre was reacting to suggestions from the leaders of the federal states that a third party be invited to any talks between them and the Mogadishu-based Somali government.The Premier made the declaration on Sunday at a ceremony held in Mogadishu to re-launch a self-help programme called Isxilqaan.The leaders of the five member states of the federal government, namely Puntland, Jubaland, Southwest, Hirshabelle and Galmudug on September 8 issued a communiqué withdrawing cooperation with the central government.Natural resourcesThe communiqué followed a conference held in Kismayu, 500km south of Mogadishu.
The regional leaders expressed grievances on insecurity, the sharing of natural resources and the interference by the central government in the affairs of the member states, which they want addressed before resumption of cooperation.Mr Khayre, however, asserted that the days of Somali leaders seeking foreign mediation on internal issues were over. He reiterated that all differences should be sorted out through compromises.“We welcome that all grievances are cleared through dialogue and compromises, considering the interest of the Somali people,” said Mr Khayre.He particularly noted that Mogadishu could host a meeting of the Somali leaders, indirectly rejecting the suggestion that the capital was insecure.Our sovereignty“We cannot accept people saying that Mogadishu’s security was unreliable,” Mr Khayre stressed.“This is the Somali capital. A city in which we have all invested and stands as a symbol of our sovereignty,” he added.Presidents Ahmed Mohamed Islam Madobe of Jubbaland, Mohamed Abdi Ware of Hirshabelle, Abdiweli Mohamed Ali Gaas of Puntland, Sharif Hassan Sheikh Aden of Southwest and Ahmed Duale Gelle Haaf of Galmudug had not responded to call by their Somalia counterpart Mohamed Abdullahi Farmajo to attend a national security council meeting in Mogadishu on Monday.President Farmajo is the chair of the national security council that include the presidents of the members states and the Governor of Banadir region (Mogadishu and surrounding areas).The failure of the regional leaders to attend the meeting would be assumed to be directly related to the suspension of cooperation with the central government announced in Kismayu on September 8.
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Somalia: Somali Parliament Holds Debate...





The Members of Somalia's Lower House chamber of Federal parliament held a debate on the Security issues during today's sitting which came days after a car bomb injured MP.The Security forces were stationed near the Parliament and on Sayidka street and other Roads leading to the House early in the morning.
The MPs debated on the security of the capital amid several insecurity incidents that took place in the city shuttered months of peace.
Barely two days ago, a member of parliament, Mohamed Mursal Barrow has narrowly survived death after an IED fitted into his vehicle went off outside the national theatre in the capital.
Al Shabaab has claimed the responsibility for the attack on the MP and vowed to continue its explosions in the city amid tight security and heavy presence of police on main junctions.





Somalia: Regional Leaders Boycott...





situation reportSep 17, 2018 | 16:37 GMT1 min readWhat Happened: Somali Prime Minister Hassan Khaire has rejected calls for international assistance after the country's regional leaders chose to boycott a National Security Council meeting scheduled for Sept. 17 and 18, Goobjoog News reported.Why It Matters: Somali authorities designed the National Security Council to become the principal mechanism for security coordination between the country's federal and regional governments. Without it, Somalia will struggle to create a national army capable of combatting militancy and taking over from the U.N.-backed peacekeeping force, the African Union Mission in Somalia (AMISOM).Background: Somalia's member states broke ties with the federal government on Sept. 8, plunging the country into a political crisis. The country has struggled with civil war for decades, and AMISOM has been active there since 2007. Read More:Connected ContentRegions & CountriesCopyright © Stratfor Enterprises, LLC. All rights reserved.





EXCLUSIVE: Former Wa All Stars coach...





Alhaji Mumuni Sokpari has been appointed coach of Somali top flight side Elman FC, GHANAsoccernet.com can exclusively report.
Sokpari touched down in the capital city of the Northern African country, Mogadishu over the weekend ahead of his imminent signing.
The soft-spoken gaffer has been out of work since he was sacked by former Ghana Premier League champions Wa All Stars six months ago, after failing to extricate the side's disappointing campaign.
Sokpari was with the Northern Blues for close to a decade.





Third Girl Dies in Somalia After...





Harun MarufMonday September 17, 2018
A 10-year-old girl has died in Somalia due to complications from female genital mutilation (FGM).
Mumtaz Qorane was the third child to die in the country this week after undergoing the practice, which is also known as female circumcision.
Dr. Mohamed Hussein Aden tells VOA's Somali service that the girl underwent the procedure three days ago in the countryside near the town of Goldogob, and contracted tetanus afterward.
He said a medical team sent to bring her to a hospital in the town of Galkayo was told Monday morning that the girl had died.
Aden received an emergency call about the girl’s grave condition on Sunday while talking to VOA Somali about the death of two sisters, Asiya Farah Abdi Warsame and Khadija Farah Abdi Warsame, who bled to death following FGM.
Ads By Google Doctors and activists said the girls died in Bur Salah village about 75 kilometers west of Galkayo, but the mutilation took place about a week ago near Galladi, across the border in the Somali region of Ethiopia.
Galkayo hospital is the main health facility used by nomads who live along the border areas between Somalia and Ethiopia.
Dr. Mohamed Hussein Aden said the two girls who died in Bur Salah were aged 10 and 11, adding, "There is no other way to describe it, it's brutal."
Activists are demanding an end to female circumcision, calling it a dangerous ritual with no practical benefits.
The practice involves removing part or all of the clitoris and labia for non-medical reasons. The World Health Organization (WHO) says cutting, often performed on girls 15 and younger, can result in bleeding, infection, problems with urination and complications with childbearing.
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Somalia is Becoming a Pawn in a UAE-...





© Provided by Albawaba.com
Somalia President Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed Farmajo in Abu Dhabi, April 2017 | Somali Embassy UAEBy Eleanor BeevorIt’s been a breathless few weeks for the Horn of Africa in general, and for Somalia in particular. A historic agreement was signed between Somalia, Eritrea and Ethiopia to end all hostilities between them. Straight afterwards, Eritrea reconciled with Djibouti. For the first time in decades, it seems that the regional capitals are sincerely ready to make peace, and to build on it. But though this is no doubt good news, it will not solve Somalia’s internal strife. This week, Somalia’s future is looking extremely uncertain. And that is – at least partly - because it has become embroiled in the Gulf crisis that has pitted Qatar against its neighbours.Somalia is meant to be getting ready to take charge of its own security. The African Union Mission in Somalia (AMISOM) was coined as a “peace support” mission in 2007, to help Somali forces oust the Al-Qaeda linked Al Shabaab insurgent group from the capital Mogadishu. But its six-month mandate kept being expanded, and a decade later it is still there. It is now comprised of over 21,000 troops from six contributing African nations.Whilst it has been indispensable in pushing back Al Shabaab and in providing some fragile security, it can’t by any standards be thought of as a “support” mission anymore. AMISOM effectively replaced the Somali National Army (SNA) in combatting Al Shabaab. But now, it is talking about winding back its presence in the country.AMISOM wants to withdraw a thousand troops by February 2019, and aims to be handing back all security responsibilities to the SNA and leaving Somalia by 2020 to 2021.
There are no guarantees that this will go ahead as planned. Abdullahi Boru, a Somalia analyst, told Al Bawaba:“While Amisom has indicated its withdrawal, the situation in the Horn of Africa has seen sea change over the last few months, that, that decision could be reversed. I am not suggesting anything has been agreed as of yet, but having Ethiopia, Somalia and Eritrea (which has been accused of supporting Al Shabaab) on side will have a significant impact on the security situation on the ground. At the practical level, withdrawal of troops when the security situation on the ground has not changed will increase the number of attacks by Al Shabaab, and other opportunistic criminal outfits.”// But however AMISOM’s departure eventually pans out, the SNA is still a very long way from ready to assume its duties. The army has been provided with training by a number of countries - including the US, the UK, Turkey, Sudan and Egypt. But each of these militaries has differences, from how to salute to different chains of command. Reassembling the SNA into a coherent unit after it has been trained in myriad different ways will be an uphill struggle.Add to that the fact that the SNA is chronically low on resources. Somali security forces are short of everything from radios to paper and pencils. Their access to weapons is ad hoc, and corruption is rife. How things will look when the SNA assumes control from AMISOM is anybody’s guess, but it’s safe to say that it won’t be easy for them to hold the existing gains made against Al Shabaab.But a bigger security problem could be on the horizon, and it ironically comes from within Somalia’s own government system. In the past few days, five of the country’s federal states, including the semi-autonomous region of Puntland, have severed ties with the Federal Government of President Mohammed Abdullahi Farmaajo. The leaders of the states in question say that the move is to put pressure on the government, and push it to meet its goals.Farmaajo’s government is aiming for the country to have its first election with universal suffrage - “One Person, One Vote” - since the decades-long Siad Barre dictatorship. So far, the security situation has rendered this impossible. Farmaajo’s government was elected by a complex system of selection by clan leaders, as a preliminary move towards universal elections. There are a lot of doubts about whether this will be possible within the next two years. But if the government fails, it will be a major blow to its credibility.The problem is that the Somali federal system, and the country’s complex colonial history, means that there is only so much will for unity anyway. States regularly pursue their own agendas, and greater autonomy. And while there are plenty of legitimate grievances to be had with Mogadishu, it’s the country’s inconsistent relationships with the Gulf states that is cleaving the deepest divisions in Somalia right now.Up until last April, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates were some of the Farmaajo government’s closest international partners. The UAE was Somalia’s largest trading partner, and Saudi Arabia bought the majority of the livestock that Somalia exports.However, when these two countries led the blockade of Qatar in 2017, they pushed for all countries in the region to sever ties with Doha. But unlike many countries which kept quiet and maintained their links to Doha anyway, Farmaajo seemed to feel the need to openly declare Somalia’s neutrality in the Gulf crisis. (That may have been a gesture of quasi-solidarity with Turkey, which is Somalia’s largest foreign investor).The scene of the horrific October 2017 bombing by Al Shabaab in Mogadishu (AFP)This wasn’t good enough for the blockading states, and relations began to sour. Tensions between Farmaajo’s government and the UAE were already rising due to the latter’s relentless, and divisive port building campaign around the Horn of Africa. The UAE is upsetting Mogadishu by developing its own ports in Somali regions that are striving for autonomy from Somalia. One in Berbera, Somaliland, a self-declared independent state, and the other at Bosaso, in the semi-autonomous region of Puntland.The Federal Government sees this as undermining its authority vis-a-vis the state authorities. And they wouldn’t be wrong to do so – the UAE unsurprisingly likes to deal with state rather than central authorities, which give it a freer hand to pursue its interests.But things came to a head in April this year when an Emirati plane stuffed with $10 million in cash was found on a Mogadishu runway. Whilst the UAE insisted this was for the salaries of the soldiers it was training, the Federal Government didn’t buy it, and assumed the money was for influencing state politicians. The UAE pulled out its training support for the SNA in response, and its relations with Mogadishu are on ice. But Qatar has seemingly rushed in to fill the vacuum the UAE left.Farmaajo was courted with a state visit to Doha a month later, on which Qatar pledged hundreds of millions of dollars worth of aid to Somalia. And there is reason to believe Qatar’s influence is even further reaching. In recent weeks, the Somali intelligence agency NISA sacked a former deputy director for revealing that Al Shabaab had infiltrated the agency. His replacement is the former Al Jazeera bureau chief for Somalia, who is widely suspected to be pushing Qatari interests in his new position.To whatever extent this is true, the suspicion alone is a troubling development for Somali security. One of the key drivers of the current fallout between the striking states and Farmaajo’s Federal Government is disagreement over UAE relations, since federal states have a lot to gain or lose depending on their relationship with it. This is particularly true for the semi-autonomous regions, who are looking to leverage the Gulf conflict for their own interests. Abdullahi Boru added:“Somaliland and Puntland have been vying for control of the Sool and Sanaag regions because of their strategic link to the Gulf of Aden to the Ethiopian border. The increase of interest from the Gulf Countries post their fall out, has embolden the devolved authorities.”Equally, the UAE is proving itself adept at circumventing Mogadishu’s rule by dealing directly with state authorities. If Qatar is suspected of having too much influence in the Federal Government, the UAE will play states off against it, and vice versa. But this could come at a very significant security cost as AMISOM works to extract itself from Somalia.// The SNA is already fractured. But the army cannot operate effectively across a nation if individual states will not cooperate with the central government. And this is a weakness that Al Shabaab, an insurgency with deep roots in the Somali population, and with a history of innovatively undermining the government, will be sure to exploit.





NUSOJ and SIMHA JOINT Statement:...





[war kale ma leh]League of Arab States and all concerned international partners of Somalia. Subject: JOINT STATEMENT The National Union of Somali Journalists (NUSOJ), an independent national journalists trade ...





PM Khaire calls for rebuilding Somalia






Muqdisho – Somali Prime Minister Hassan Ali Khaire on Sunday night participated in an introductory ceremony of the Is-xilqaan program in Mogadishu.
Banadir region Governor, Ministers, MPs along with citizens came together for the Is-xilqaan program implementation ceremony.
PM Khaire emphasized to participants the importance of the Is-xilqaan program stating that it is an opportunity to rebuild the country, whilst providing a better future for the youth.
The Prime Minister encouraged Somali citizens to contribute monetarily, volunteer their time, to unite for taking part in achieving national interest.
Khaire stated “Citizens must come together to rebuild the country as a whole through the is-xilqaan program. All national leaders must do their part towards rebuilding our country.”
In August 2018, during the Garow meeting, the cabinet officially approved “Is-xilqaan” program which government and civilians will jointly rebuild roads, historical places and government institutional buildings.





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Daqiiqad Waalli Ah! Julen Lopetegui...
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Immisa Lacag Ayey Koox Walba Ka Heli...
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Koobka horyaalada yurub ayaa bilaaban doona, habeen dambe ayaa qaar ka mid ah garoomada yurub laga baasan doonaa, sidaas darteed waxaa faah-faahin laga bixiyay qiimaha lacageed oo ay koox walba ka heli doonto tartankaan.Xiriirka qaaradda yurub ee UEFA ayaa sare u qaaday lacagaha ay heli doonaan kooxaha ka qeyb galaya tartanka marka lala barbardhigo fasal ciyaareedkii lasoo dhaafay, waxaana sanadkaan fursad fiican heli doona kooxaha u gudba wareega bug-baxda kuwaas oo heli kara lacago badan.Marka laga hadlo bilowga waxey koox walba heli doontaa 15.25 Malyan oo Yuuro, lacagahaas waxaa ku kordhi doona 2.7 Malyan oo Yuuro oo guulo ah iyo 0.9 Malyan oo lagu heli doono barbaraha.Sidaas darteed kooxdii hesha 6-guulood oo tartanka yurub ah waxey ka dhigan tahay iney jeebka ku shuban doonto 16.2 Malyan oo Yuuro.Marxaladaha iyo sida lacagaha loogu helo:Hadii kooxda usoo baxdo wareega 16-ka waxey heli doontaa 9.5 Malyan oo Yuuro.Hadii kooxda usoo baxdo Quarter Final-ka waxey heli doontaa 10.5 Malyan oo Yuuro.Hadii kooxda usoo baxdo Semi Final-ka waxey heli doontaa 12 Malyan oo Yuuro.Hadii kooxda usoo baxdo Final-ka waxey heli doontaa 15 Malyan oo Yuuro.Hadii ay ku guuleysatana waxey heli doontaa 4 Malyan oo Yuuro dheeraad ah.Marka laga hadlo fasalkii hore koox walba oo ka qeyb galeysay waxey heshay 12.7, sidaas darteed waxaa sanadkaan jira koror (2.55 Malyan ah), sidoo kale guusha waxaa lagu helayay 1.5 Malyan, waxaa lagu kordhiyay 1.2 Malyan, halka barbaraha lagu helayay sanadkii hore 0.5 Malyan, waxaana lagu daray (0.4 Malyan).Ugu dambeyntiina kooxda ku guuleysata tartanka waxey jeebka ku shuban doontaa 4 Malyan oo Yuuro lacag ka badan sanadkii hore.





Georginio Wijnaldum Oo Lagu Qasbay Inuu...
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Georginio Wijnaldum ayaa lagu qasbay inuu sharraxaad ka bixiyo sababta uu “Like” u saaray qoraal uu taageere kusoo qoray Instagram-ka kaas oo dhaleeceyn muuqata loogu soo jeediyay labada xiddig ee Sadio Mane & Mohamed Salah.Liverpool ayaa 2-1 ku dishay Spurs kulan ka dhacay garoonka Wembley, taasoo sababtay in difaacdaan rikoorkooda wanaagsan ee bilowga u ah horyaalka, waana kooxda labaad ee aan ilaa iyo hadda hal dhibic lumin.Jurgen Klopp iyo wiilashiisa waxey u qalmeen iney goolal badan dhaliyaan, waxaana la arkayay labada xiddig ee Mane iyo Salah iney dhawr jeer goosha la aadeen kubado ay isku saacidi kareen, taasoo qof walba ula muuqatay iney is xaasidayaan.Sidaas darteed ineysan is caawineynin waxey keentay iney jamaahiirta kooxda baraha bulshada aad ugu hadal hayaan, isla markaana ay ka codsadaan Jurgen Klopp inuu xaliyo wax walba oo ka jira qolka labiska.Wax walba waxey noqdeen wax xiiso leh markii qoraal dhaleeceynaya labada xiddig uu “Like” saaray taasoo loo fasirtay in xiddiga reer Holland uu durba ku raacsan yahay jamaahiirta inuu qolka labiska ka jiro khilaaf, balse waxaa lagu qasbay inuu jawaab ka bixiyo sababta ka dambeysa.Qoraalka uu “Like-ta” saaray wuxuu u qornaa sidaan: “Astaanta weerarka Liverpool ee fasalkii hore wuxuu ahaa wada shaqeyn iyo is faham u dhaxeeya xiddigaha Firmino, Salah iyo Mane”“Wax dhib ah ma laheyn kan dhalinaya, balse kan ku jira xaaladda ugu fiican ayaa caawinayay kan kale si uu gool u dhaliyo, balse waxa dhacay fasalkaan waa kaligii ciyaarnimo”“Gaar ahaan Mane, kaas oo kulankii Tottenham soo bandhigay inuusan wax badan u baaseynin Salah in ka badan hal fursad, dhabtii ma garan karo sababta?”“Ma waxaa jirta anaaninimo? “Qof wax walba isla jecel” Waxaan u maleynayaa Klopp inuu si dhaqso leh u xalin doono ka hor inta aysan dhib noqon kulamada muhiimka ah”Si kastaba qoraalkaan ayuu ka helid “Like” saaray Wijnaldum, 27-jirkaan ayaana su’aashii laga weydiiyay kaga jawaabay sidan:“Waxaan u maleynayaa iney tahay arrin shil ah xilli aan u daadagayay fikradaha kale”“Sidaas darteed, waxba haka walwalina, ma jiraan wax anaanimo ah, waxaa nahay koox, waana ognahay taas”





Sidee Ayey Dhaqan-Xumadii Uu Dougals...
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Xiddiga weerarka uga ciyaara kooxda Arsenal ee Alexadre Lacazette ayaa sameeyay talaabo ka yaabisay taageerayaasha kooxda Arsenal intii lagu jiray kulankii ay kooxda Arsenal guusha ka gaadhay kooxda Newcastle.Kadib Markii uu Granit Xhaka dhaliyay goolka xiddigaha Arsenal ayaa i dabaal degay goolka uu dhaliyay saaxiibkood laakiin weeraryahanka reer France ayaa sameeyay arin la yaab leh.Lacazette ayaan la dabaal degin xiddigaha Arsenal laakiin daba istaagay Xhaka isaga oo madaxa ka dhirbaaxay inta uu ka dhuuntay iskana qariyay Laacibtv Ka Daawo Muuqaalkan





Bailly Oo Ka Baxaya Old Trafford,...
Monday, September 17, 2018 - 11:21





Suuqa kala iibsiga ciyaartoyda horyaalada qaaradda yurub goor hore ayuu xirmay, marka laga hadlo kaliya horyaalada ugu waaweyn, balse wali waxey warbaahinta kubadda cagta baahinayaan warar xan ah oo udub dhexaad u noqon kara suuqa soo aadan.Haddaba waxaan jecelnahay inaan idiin soo koobno wararkii ugu dambeeyay ee la hadal hayay maanta oo Isniin ah, sidoo kale xaqiiqda iyo jiritaanka wararkaan masuul kama noqon doono maadaama aan u xaglin doono warbaahinta daabacday, xantuna waa wax mar walba aan lagu kalsoonaan karin.Daafaca reer Ivory Coast Eric Bailly ayaa diyaar u noqon kara inuu bisha January isaga baxo garoonka Old Trafford xilli 24-jirkaan tayada wanaagsan uu xiiso ka helayo Arsenal & Spurs. (Mirror)Kooxaha Manchester City, Tottenham,Barcelona iyo Juventus ayaa wada doonaya xiddiga khadka dhexe kooxda Paris Saint Germain Adrien Rabiot kaas oo 23-jir ah. (Paris United)Weeraryahanka reer England Harry Kane kaas oo 25-jir ah ayaa beeniyay inuu dib u dhaca uu ku jiro u keenay daalka uu kala soo laabtay koobkii Adduunka. (Mirror)Pep Guardiola ayaa dareensan sida inuu yahay dambiile maadaama uu xadiday tirada kulamada uu 18-jirkiisa Phil Phoden uu safanayo fasal ciyaareedkaan. (MEN)Aaron Ramsey ayaa dalbaday in la badalo kulankii ay guusha ka heleen Newcastle United isbuucaan kadib markii uu dareemay daal badan, 27-jirkaan mustaqbalkiisa wali shaki ayaa la galinayaa. (The Sun)Labada xiddig ee Lazio Ciro Immobile iyo Sergej Milinkovic-Savic ayaa qarka u saaran iney heshiis cusub u saxiixaan kooxdooda. (La Gazzetta dello Sport)Jose Mourinho ayaa doonaya inuu lasoo saxiixdo xiddiga reer Jarmal Mesut Ozil isagoo u dhaqaaqi doona bisha January. (Express)





MAQAAL: Kooxda Real Madrid Ee Hadda La...
Monday, September 17, 2018 - 11:21





Real Madrid waxey abuurtay taariikh aan caadi aheyn tobanka (Decade) labaad ee qarnigaan 21-aad, maadaama ay bartamaha ilaa laga soo gaaro waqtigaan dhamaadka ah si awood leh u maamushay qaaradda yurub, walow qabsashada yurub ay waqti badan u diyaar garowday.Los Blancos waxey aduunyada u qeexday iney tahay kooxda ugu fiican yurub iyo adduunka maadaama ay saddex jeer oo xiriir ah hanatay tartanka yurub iyo kan adduunka, sidoo kalana ay sidii caadada aheyd xiddigaheed si aan kala joogsi laheyn usoo istaageen masraxyada lagu bixiyo abaalmarinada shaqsiga ah, balse hadda sidey wax u muuqdaan?Waa su’aal ay tahay in la is weydiiyo inkastoo wax walba hordhac yahiin, hadana marxalad walba waxey ku haboon tahay in waqtiga dareenkeeda jiro laga hadlo, Real Madrid waxey weysay mid ka mid ah kuwa ugu fiican ee ebid taariikh ahaan soo maray, waana Cristiano Ronaldo oo bishii July adduun dhan 100 Malyan oo Yuuro ugu biiray kooxda Juventus.Real Madrid waxey Cristaino siisay magac uu dunida ugu noolaado, balse wuxuu u hibeeyay naftiisa taasna waxaa ka dhashay iney hormar wada gaaraan, wuxuu awood u yeeshay isagoo xambaarsan calaamadda kooxda boqortooyada inuu la tartamo asaagiisa, wuxuuse kooxdiisa u hogaamiyay iney soo bandhigto sida ay u tahay koox weyn, waxaana la rumeeyay saaxiibo aad u kaabay.Marka taas laga soo gaddoomo, bixitaanka Ronaldo waxey dad badan oo aan ka mid ahay qabaan iney iftiimin doonto habacsanaan weyn iyo iney adag tahay in la buuxiyo kaalintiisii, sidoo kalana anigoo ku saleynaya inta yar ee hadda aan aragnay Madrid, waxey u egtahay koox ku jirta marxalad kala guur ah.Sidee? Waxaa baxay Hogaamiye, dhaliye iyo shaqsi kala duwanaasho abuuri jiray, waxaase hadda isku soo haray xiddigo (Xil doon) ah kuwaas oo mid walba uu doonayo inuu madaxa surto taajkii uu Santiago Bernabeu kaga tagay Cristiano Ronaldo.Marka hawshii wadareed oo uu dhameystirka u qaabilsanaa ay halkeedii kasii socoto, balse la waayo kii dhameystiri jiray, waxaa xitaa ceeb yeelanaya dadka udub dhexaadka u ah howshii wadareed maadama ayna jirin qurxdii iyo farxadii shaqadooda, sidaas darteed sida ay hadda tahay kooxda waa marxalad ay tahay inuu macalinka xal u keeno.Benzema iyo Bale, waa laba xiddig oo ugu maqaam sarreeya dhanka weerarka kooxda, mid walba wuxuu doonayaa inuu xirto (Taajka), sidoo kale Marco Asensio waa wiil yar oo usoo kobcay kooxda iyo La Roja isna wuxuu leeyahay hami hogaamiyenimo, halka Sergio Ramos uu yahay shaqsi raba ineysan jamaahiirta xasuusan CR7, maadaama uu mararka qaar isku soo taagay inuu doorarkiisii laadadka xorta ah iyo gool ku laadyadii tuuro.Isco ayaa mid kale ah, kaliya Karim Benzema ayaana daqiiq walba oo La Liga ah ciyaaray fasalkaan hadda bilowga ah, waana kan la filayo inuu si dadban u magacaaban yahay.Dhibaatada ugu weyn ee marxaladdan waxey tahay in mid walba uu isku dayo inuu banaanka soo dhigo wax walba oo loogu dooran lahaa inuu hogaamiye noqdo, taasoo mararka qaar kooxda cuuryaamin karta, sida inuu noqdo kaligiis ciyaar ama qaarkood ciyaartoyda ay is xasdaan si loo kala guuleysto.Waxaa intaas sii dheer maqaamka kooxda oo ah mid sare, sumcadda kooxda oo mid walba ka weyn, iney tahay koox ay jamaahiirteeda sanadahii ugu dambeeyay guulaha la qabsadeen iyo maamulka oo mar walba aan u dulqaadan karin hoos u dhac ku yimaada, intaas oo arrimood waxey abuuri karaan inuusan ciyaartoyga helin waqti ku filan.Dhaw Su’aalood ayaa la is weydiinayaan? Julen Lopetegui yuu maanka ku heystaa? Sidee ciyaartoyda hadda ee maqaamka sare looga dhaadhicin karaa in mid ka mid ah ciyaartoyda loo caawiyo sida CR7? Sideyse noqon doontaa hadii talaabadaas la qaado falcelinta qolka labiska?Xeyndaabkaas su’aalaha ah ayaa fakar u baahan, waxaanse dad badani ay qabaan iney adag tahay in la helo waqtigaan, balse ay Real Madrid u wada shaqeyn karto si wadajir ah, iyadoo saxaafadda dunida ay mar walba damqin doonto nabaradooda hadii ay sibxadaan la’aanta Cristiano Ronaldo.
Nin maqan tebiddii, waa nin jooga ceebtii – Ciyaartoyda Real Madrid.

Maxey Kula Tahay Adiga?





Xiddigaha Man United & Liverpool Oo...
Monday, September 17, 2018 - 11:21





Labada kooxood ee Chelsea & Liverpool ayaa kaliya kasoo haray kooxaha aan wali laga adkaan kadib markii isbuucii 4-aad guuldaro la siiyay Tottenham sidoo kalana midkii 5-aad laga reebay Watford oo gurigeeda kusoo dhaweysay Man United.Red Devils waxey gaartay guushii labaad oo xiriir ah kadib jabkii ay garoonkeeda Old Trafford kaga qaadatay Spurs isbuucii 3-aad ee horyaalka, waxeyna todobaadkaan cagta marisay Watford oo si aan caadi aheyn ku bilaabatay fasalkaan.Reds waxey soo afjartay habaarkii ka heystay iney kusoo badiso garoonka Wembley kadib markii ay si xun ugu soo galeen Tottenham Hotspur kulan xiiso lahaa, Blues ayaa iyana ciqaabtay Cardiff oo gool caato ah kala hormartay, waxeyna aheyd maalintiisii ugu fiicneed Eden Hazard oo saddexley dhaliyay.Haddaba Khabiirka BBC Sport Garth Crooks wuxuu todobaad walba soo doortaa shaxdiisa kooxda ugu fiican isagoo ku tixgeliya xiddigaha bandhigyada ay sameeyaan, waxaana todobaadkaan si wadajir ah u qabsaday ciyaartoyda labada kooxood ee ugu guulaha badan Ingiriiska Liverpool & Man United oo wadar ahaan ku yeeshay 7-ciyaartoy.Liverpool oo kaliya laba gool laga dhaliyay kulamadii ay ciyaartay horyaalka fasalkaan ayaa ku yeelatay afar xiddig, waxaana laga soo xulay Van Dijk iyo Gomez oo si aan caadi aheyn isku fahmay taasoo ka saartay meesha hadal heynta Lovren, Milner iyo Firmino oo si fiican u shaqeeyay, walow Mane uusan soo galin isagoo masuul ka ahaa inuu dhasho goolka labaad ee Firmino.Dhanka kale Man United waxey ku yeelatay goolhaye De Gea oo ay dartiis guul u gaartay kooxdiisa iyo labada xiddig ee kala ah Smalling oo shabaqa gaaray iyo Fellaini oo lagu amaanay doorkiisii kulanka maadaama uu kusoo bilowday.Afar xiddig ayaa ku lamaanan waxeyna kala yahiin Hazard oo kala diray Cardiff, Aurnatovic oo ka qeyb noqday guushii ugu horreysay West Ham ay ka gaarto horyaalka fasalkaan iyo xiddigaha Fraser oo Bournemouth ah iyo Zaha oo ka tirsan Palace.





“Ma Ahayn Wax La Aqbali Karo,” –...
Monday, September 17, 2018 - 09:12





Allegri waxa uu dhalleeceeyey dhaqankii ciyaaryahankiisa kaddib guushii 2-1 ahayd isaga oo ku adkeystay in dhaqankaas ahaa mid aan la qaadan kaarin.“Malaha shaafto/qalad lagu galay kahor ficilka ayaa looga xanaajiyey, laakiin taas dhib ma leh, maxaa yeelay tani ma ahayn in ay dhacdo. Hal wax ee qasabka ah in aan la sameeyo waa in laga fogaado dabinka gardarada ah,” ayuu Allegri u sheegay Sky Italia.“Waxaan dhalin karnay gool saddexaad, laakiin bedelkeeda waxaan bilownay in aan dheelno ciyaar shaqsiyadeed, waxaan isku daynay in aan gam gambinno, tani waxa ay daalisay kooxda naga soo horjeeday, kaddib si xun ayaan uga falceliyey waxaad heshay xaalad ah tii Douglas Costa.“Kaliya waxaad u baahan tahay in aad aragto kulamadii hore iyo sida Ronaldo ugu dhawaa in uu dhaliyo.“Markale maanta, xoggaa wuu yara deg degsanaa si uu u dhaliyo, laakiin waxa uu ku soo booday birta agteeda waliba agagaarkiisa. Taas ayaa ka dhignay in aan la horistagin.”Labadii gool ee Ronaldo ugu horreeyey waxa ay ka dhignyed in Juventus gaadho guushii afraadoo xiriir ah.Laakiin guusha waxaa hareeyey dhacdadii Costa oo suxul ku dhuftay Di Francesco kahor inta aysan is dagaalin.Labada ciyaaryahan kulanka oo dhan ayey dagaalamayeen kahor inta aan kaarka cas loo taagin Costa.Costa waxaa loo adeegsaday aaladda VAR kahor inta aan lagu helin falka lagu ciqaabay.





Maurizio Sarri Oo Ugu Baaqay Hazard In...
Monday, September 17, 2018 - 09:12





Maurizio Sarri waxa uu doonayaa in Edin Hazard ku guuleysto kabaha dahabka ah waxa uuna ciyaaryahanka ku amray in uu dhaliyo 40 gool.Hazard waxa uu dhaliyey saddexley kulankii Cardiff City halka uu ahaa xiddigga ugu shidan Blues iyada oo badisay shanti kulan ee ugu horreeyey horyaalka.Chelsea waxa ay fadhisaa hoggaanka horyaalka halka Hazard leeyahay shan gool, saddex in ka badan kuwa Salah.Laacibka reer Egypt waxa uu ku guuleystay kabaha dahabka xilli ciyaareedkii hore, hadda Sarri waxa uu ku taageeray Belgium-ka in uu ka soo qaato kabta.“Waxaan qabaa sidaas, ayuu yiri Sarri, mar wax laga weydiiyey in uu aaminsan yahay in Hazard dhalin karo goolal ka badan Salah, Kane iyo Aguero.“Waan la hadlay Hazard Jimcihii waxaana u sheegay aniga ahaan, wuu dhalin karaa 40 gool. Waa in uu waxyaabaha qaar horumariyaa, laakiin wuu yeeli karaa.“Haddii aad aragtay kulankii maanta, waxaad dheheysaa wuu I aaminay.”





Daawo: Xiddigo Ku Qasbanaaday In Ay...
Monday, September 17, 2018 - 08:12





Arin la yaab leh ayaa ka dhacay kulan ka tirsanaa horyaalka Dalka Brazil kadib markii ay xiddigihii kulanka ciyaarayay ku qasbanaadeen in ay riixaan baabuur.Baabuurka oo ahaa mid lagu qaaday xiddig dhaawacmay ayaa si lama filaan ah u dhaqaaqi waayay markii la saaray xiddigii dhaawacmay ee ciyaarta laga dhex qaadayay.Xiddigaha ayaa loo sheegay kadib in ay riixaan baabuurka si ay uu baabuurku u dhaqaaqo ugana boxo garoonka si ciyaarta dib loogu bilaabo una sii socoto Laacibtv Ka Daawo Muuqaalkan





LA YAAB! Zlatan Ibrahimovic Oo Si Xun...
Monday, September 17, 2018 - 08:12





Zlatan Ibrahimovic waxa uu ku lug yeeshay is qab qabsi kululaa oo kala dhexeeyey Michael Bradley kaddib markii uu dhaiyey goolkiisii 500-aad ee waayihiisa ciyaartii LAG Galaxy ay 5-3 yuga badisay Toronto FC.Laacibkii hore ee Manchster United waxa uu dhaliyey KARATEE oo aan ahayn wax isaga cusub .Goolkaas waxa uu Zlatan Ibrahimovic ku helay in ay taageereyaasha garoonka u istaagaan laakiin isaga dabaal daggii uu caankaku ahaa ayuu sameeyey.“Ma aha markii kowaad oo ay ii istaagaan taageereyaasha iga soo horjeedam”ayuu yiri.Marka laga yimaado goolkaas taariikhiga ahaa ee Zlatan, Laacibka reer Sweden waxa ay is qabtaan Michael Bradley oo ah wiilka taabaraha LA Galaxy – Bob Bradley.“Waxa uu isu arkaa filasafoorka kubadda cagta,” ayuu yiri Ibrahimovic oo ka hadlaya Bradley.Leave it to Zlatan to make his 500th goal a flashy one. pic.twitter.com/eJXto4JqNI— ESPN FC (@ESPNFC) September 16, 2018
“Waxaan dhaliyey goolal ka badan kulamada oo saftay. “Waa in uu sharciyadeyda raacaa.”





“Aad Ayuu Muhiim Noogu Yahay,” – Jose...
Monday, September 17, 2018 - 07:00





Tababaraha Manchester United Jose Mourinho waxa uu ka hadlay muhiimada Marouane Fellaini kaddib guushii 2-1 ahayd ee ay Everton ka gaadhee.Mourinho aad ayuu ugu dagaalamay in Fellaini saxiixi heshiis cusub halka Belgium uu door weyn ka ciyaaray guulihii Burnley iyo Watford.Jose waxa uu sheegay in laacibka inta badan la dhelleeceeyo laakiin uu tayo ku soo kordhiyo Old Trafford.“Qaladaad daafac ayaan sameeynay kulamadii Brighton iyo Tottenham. Kulankii Brighton In aan badinno uma aynaan qalmin laakiin kii Tottenham waxaan qabaa in aan u qallanay guusha. Lix gool iyo qaladaad daafac,” ayuu Mourinho wariyeyaasha u sheegay.“Kaddib laba kulan oo banaanka ah ayaan aadnay – kulamo adag, garoomo adag, Burnley iyo Watford , waxaan dareemay in daafacyadeyda dhexe u baahan yihiin  qof taageera gaar ahaan xilliga ay xasillooni daradda jirto, siiya darbiga kowaad, awood laakiin Fellaini intaas ka badan ayuu bixiyaa.“Taas ayuu na siiyaa, laakiin sidoo kale waxa uu na siiyaa tayo iyo kubadd dhib la’aan ah. Si fudud ayuu u dheelaa. Markaa dhabtii aad ayaan ugu faraxsannahay Marooune.”Manchester United kulanka ugu horreeya ee Champions League xilli ciyareedkan waxa ay la dheeli doontaa Young Boys Arbacada.





“Waan Wer Wersanayaa,” – Cristiano...
Monday, September 17, 2018 - 07:00





Kaddib markii uu labadiisii gool ee ugu horreeyey Serie A-ga ka dhaliyey Sassuolo, Cristiano Ronaldo waxa uu qiray in uu werwer dareemayey markii uu ka tagayey Real Madrid.“Aad ayaan u faraxsannahay, Sassuolo si wanaagsan ayey u dheeshay,” ayuu u sheegay Sky Italy kulanka kaddib.“Waa in aan mudnaanta isa siinno, aad ayaan u adkeyn, fursado badan ayaan sameynay, caadiyan waan ku faraxsannahay in aan goolashii ugu horreeyey dhaliyey.“Waxa ugu muhiimsan waa in kooxdu badiso, malaha waan yara wer werayey; waa caadi, kaddi ka soo tegiddii Madrid iyo wax walba oo dhacay.”Juventus waxa ay Ronaldo 112 million euros uga soo iibsaday Real Madrid waxa uuna u mahaceliyey saaxiibadiisa kooxda.“Mararka qaar ma xakameyn karno wer werka, laakiin waan ogaa in saaxiibadey iyo aniga aan shaqo adag haynnay iyo in goolasha imaanayaan,” ayuu hadalkiisa raaciyey.“Wali waxaan wadaa la qabsiga horyaalka.”