Wararka Somalida

Primier Bank oo Adeegyo Cusub Kusoo...





Primier Bank oo Adeegyo Cusub Kusoo Bandhigtay Carwadda Ganacsiga Somaliland





VIDEO banaanbaxayaal ku qeylinayo doomi...





Siyaasi cabdiraxmaan cabdishakuur Warsame oo in mudo ah dalka dibadiisa ku maqnaa ayaa dib ugu sdoo laabtay dalka
Waxaana magaalada Muqdisho ku so dhaweeyey Xildhibaano ka tirsan barelamaanka madaxda Xisbiyada qaarkood boqolaal dadweyne oo iskuugu so obaxay goob loo diyaariyey in siyaasigu uu kula hadlo xildhibaan faarax Cabduqaadir xildhibaan Axmed Macalin fiqi  ayaa ka hadlay soo dhaweyntiisa
Xildhibaan khaliif Cabdi Cumar oo ka mid ahaa xildhibaanadii Muqdisho ku soo dhaweeyey hogaamiyaha xisdbiga wada jir Cabduraxmaan Cabdishakuur warsame ayaa sheegay in gudoomiye mursal gurigiisa uu ku yahay xabsi guri xildhibaanadana loo diiday in madaxtooyada dalka ay tagaan
Cabduraxmaan Cabdishakuur warsame hogaamiyaha xisbiga wada jir ayaa ka hadlay soo dhaweynta loo sameeyey
Imaashiyaha hogaamiyaahaan oo aan la dhacsaneyn habmaamulka dowladaan ayaa ku soo aaday xili dalku uu  wajahayo jahwareer siyaasadeed oo cusub maadaama xildhibaano ka badan 94 gudbiyeen mooshin ka dhac ah madaxweyne farmaajo gudoonka golaha shacabkana ay isku maandhaafeen aqbalaadiisa





war qoraal ah oo ka soo baxay hadana...





Qoraal ay si wadajir ah u soo saareen ayay waxay ugu horeyn ku sheegeen maareeynta khilaafka Golaha Shacabka oo si rasmi ah ugu dhawaaqeen in Goluhu galay khilaaf Dastuuri ah.
Waxaa ay sheegeen in guud ahaan laga doonaayo shaqaallaha iyo maamulka Golaha in aysan ka qeyb galin Khilaafka cusub ee Guddoonka, si loo ilaaliyo Hantidada iyo dhammaan Ammaanka xarunta.
Guddoomiye kuxigeenka 2aad ee Golaha Mahad Cawad oo akhriyay qodobada ay soo saareen ayaa waxaa uu sheegay in aysan aqoonsaneyn Guddiga Maaliyadda iyo Miisaaniyadda, maadaama lakala diray.
Sidoo kale waxaa uu sheegay in Hoolka Xarunta Villa Hargeysa aanay ku shiri karin Xildhibaanada kala aragti duwan.
Waxaa uu kaloo sheegay in aan Xarunta Golaha Shacabka ay u dhaxeyso dhammaan xubnaha Golaha, si aanay koox aragti kale wado aysan ugu kulmin xarunta.
Go’aanka Guddoomiye kuxigeenada ayaa u muuqda mid ay ku fulinayaan in la go’doominayo awooda Guddoomiyaha u leeyahay inuu ku maamulo Baarlamaanka iyo Miisaaniyadda Xafiiska Guddoonka Golaha Shacabka





Ra’iisul Wasaare Khayre Oo Guddoomiyay...





 
Ra’iisul wasaaraha xukuumadda fedraalka Soomaaliya, mudane Xasan Cali Khayre, ayaa maanta guddoomiyay shirararka toddobaadlaha ah ee Tubta Amniga iyo Caddaalada iyo Tubta siyaasada loo dhanyahay.
Maamulka gobalka Banaadir, Taliska Booliiska iyo wasaaradda amniga gudaha oo qayb ka ah tubta amniga iyo cadaaladda ayaa shirka tubta amniga iyo caddaaladda kusoo bandhigay siyaasadda dawladda ee la dagaalanka mukhaadaraadka oo aad looga dooday intii kulanku uu socday.
Siyaasaddaan oo loo qorsheeyay in lagu xakameeyo dhibaatada uu mukhaadaraadka ku hayo bulshada Soomaaliyeed ayaa tubta amniga iyo caddaaladda loogu soo bandhigay si horumarin loogu sameeyo kadibna loogu gudbiyo golaha wasiirrada, ugu dambaynna looga soo saaro sharci saldhig u noqda hannaanka xakamaynta mukhaadaraadka.
Ra’iisul wasaare Khayre ayaa sidoo kale guddoomiyay shirka siyaasadda loo dhanyahay oo maanta looga hadlay astaynta awoodaha heerarka dawladda, samaynta siyaasadda horumarinta iyo tababarrada dawladaha hoose, dib-u-eegista sharciga dawladaha hoose iyo hindise sharciyadeedka xiriirka heerarka dawladaha.
Shirarka Tubaha ee toddobaadlaha ah ayaa diiradda lagu saaraa Hal-beegyada iyo qaybaha shaqo ee hor-tebinta u leh dhammaan hay’adaha iyo wasaaraha qaybta ka tubaha.
—DHAMMAAD—-






Ra’iisul Wasaare Ku-xigeenka Dalka oo...






Ra’iisul Wasaare Ku-xigeenka Xukuumadda Federaalka Soomaaliya, Mahad Maxamed Guuleed Khadar, ayaa dalka Jordan kula kulmay xoghayaha amniga gudaha Maraykanka, Kirstjen Nielsen.
Ra’iisul Wasaare Ku-xigeenka iyo xoghayaha amniga gudaha Maraykanka ayaa ka wada hadlay arrimaha khuseeya labada dal gaar ahaan dagaalka ka dhanka ah argagaxisada iyo taageerada dawladda Maraykanka ee dib-u-habaynta ciidaanka.
Dhanka kale, waxaa galabta lasoo gebagebeeyay shirkii amniga ee lagu qabtay magaalada Aqaba ee dalka Jordan.
“Waxaa si guul ah noogu soo idlaaday shirkii uu marti geliyay boqorka Jordan iskaashiga caalamka ee la dagaalanka kooxaha nabad diidka”, ayuu yiri Ra’iisul Wasaare Ku-xigeenka Soomaaliya
Kulanka Aqaba ayaa si gaar ah diiradda loogu saaray sidii dhaqaale ahaan, ciidan ahaan iyo fikir ahaanba looga hor-tegi lahaa ficillada abaabulan ee kooxuhu ka gaystaan caalamka oo dhan.





Ra’iisul Wasaare Khayre Oo Qaabilay...






Ra’iisul wasaaraha xukuumadda federaalka Soomaaliya, mudane Xasan Cali Khayre, ayaa xafiiskiisa kusoo dhaweeyay Danjiraha dawladda Turkigu usoo magacaawday Jamhuuriyadda Federaalka Soomaaliya, Mehmet Yilmaz.
Ra’iisul Wasaare Xasan Cali Khayre iyo Mehmet Yilmaz ayaa ka wada hadlay wada-shaqaynta iyo dardar gelinta xoojinta xariirka walaaltinnimo ee Turkiga iyo Soomaaliya.
“Waxa aan ku faraxsanahay in aan maanta soo dhaweeyo safiirka cusub ee Turkigu usoo magacaabay Soomaaliya, Mehmet Yilmaz, oo ah rug-cadda horumarineed iyo Saaxiib Soomaaliyeed. Waxa aan rajaynayaa in uu sii amba qaado cusubka iskaashiga labada dawladood.” ayuu yiri ra’iisul Wasaare Xasan Cali Khayre.
Danjire Mehmet Yilmaz ayaa ra’iisul wasaare Khayre uga mahadceliyay soo dhawaynta wanaagsan, waxa uuna ballan qaaday in uu ka shaqaynayo danaha labada dal iyo labada shacab ee walaalaha ah si loo xoojiyo, loona horumariyo xiriirka laba geesoodka ah.
Safiirka cusub ee Turkigu usoo magacaabay Soomaaliya oo bedelay safiirkii hore Amb. Olgan Bakar, ayaa madaxwayne Maxamed Cabdullahi Maxmed (Farmaajo waxa uu maanta ka guddoomay warqadaha aqoonsiga safiirnimo.
—DHAMMAAD—-





Raila A Strong Voice In Somaliland’s...






Last Friday’s Somaliland’s Investment Conference in Nairobi may have proceeded unnoticed by many. However, unknown to most Kenyans, the event also served a major political purpose for Somaliland, including rekindling ties with Opposition leader Raila Odinga. According to initial arrangements, the former Prime Minister was supposed to attend the event as chief guest – but opted out at the eleventh hour.
Nonetheless, Mr Odinga, who is African Union’s High Representative for Infrastructure Development, is understood to have met the Somaliland delegation in private ahead of the event. Somaliland, which has claimed autonomy from the main Somalia government, is on a mission to initiate relationships with regional states as it pushes for recognition at the African Union and the United Nations.
And Mr Odinga, who has consistently led the push for Kenya to recognise Somaliland as an independent state, is regarded as a valuable friend and partner in these efforts. Mr Odinga’s current posting to the AU has particularly excited Somaliland. His appointment in October was widely hailed by Somaliland government officials, with some pundits in the Hargeisa capital suggesting President Muse Bihi’s administration could now comfortably push through its agenda with the help of a formidable ally.
But the AU envoy is not the only Kenyan ally the Hargeisa government counts on. There is also Trade Cabinet Secretary Peter Munya, who has occasionally pushed Somaliland’s case as well. Munya, who momentarily lobbied for the recognition of Hargeisa by the international community while he served as chairman of the Council of Governors, was also listed among key guests of last Friday’s event.
For their previous positive gesture, it appears Odinga and Munya are targets of Somaliland’s wider and well-mapped out strategic approach for political autonomy. Perhaps well aware of the sensitivity of the matter, both leaders kept off from the Somaliland event. According to Foreign Affairs Chief Administrative Secretary Ababu Namwamba, Kenya is yet to formally receive any request for the referred recognition, and that if it came through “it would be subjected to thespirit of the AU resolution that upholds respect for the sovereignty and territorial integrity of its member states”.





New era as the US returns to Mogadishu






Washington renews “permanent diplomatic presence” in Mogadishu after 28-year closure
Although the US remained one of the strongest supporters of Somalia, especially in peace-building and relief operations, its activities were largely based in Nairobi.
• When Somalia adopted the first transitional federal constitution in August 2012, paving the way for the end of the interim government, the US reacted positively.
• The newly elected President Hassan Sheikh Mohamoud was welcomed into the White House and met with President Barack Obama, signalling that Washington had formally recognised the Mogadishu government.
At the onset of the civil strife in the Somali capital Mogadishu in January 1991, the US compound was used as the main station to airlift all foreign diplomats to safety.
The large compound was called Sliligga (weird), because it was enclosed by a barbed wire and a concrete wall. Sliligga was easily the most protected foreign diplomatic mission in Mogadishu.
But, as soon as the airlifting of the diplomats was over, looters descended on the fortified compound, carting away every movable item they lay their hands on.
It would take another year before the US mission would come back to life again.
That was in December 1992, when former US president George W. Bush, who died last week, ordered over 30,000 marines to land on the beaches of Somalia.
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The mission was not to conquer Mogadishu, or re-establish normal diplomatic relations with the Horn of Africa state, but to initiate a humanitarian operation codenamed Operation Restore Hope.
The operation coincided with the peak of the Somalia civil war, as rebel groups that had defeated the dictatorial regime of Gen Mohamed Siad Barre turned their guns on each other.
It was the recipe for worsening the famine that had overwhelmed the country from the early 1990s.
Operation Restore Hope also attracted many other countries to join the US in the solemn mission of extending humanitarian assistance.
The mission also made history when George W. Bush became the first and only US president to set foot on Somali soil.
Of course, president Bush was concluding his term and was about to be replaced by the already president-elect Bill Clinton.
President Clinton too would make history when he ended Operation Restore Hope, following the downing of two US Black Hawk helicopters and the deaths of 18 marines on October 3, 1993.
Although the US remained one of the strongest supporters of Somalia, especially in peace-building and relief operations, its activities were largely based in Nairobi.
When Somalia adopted the first transitional federal constitution in August 2012, paving the way for the end of the interim government, the US reacted positively.
The newly elected President Hassan Sheikh Mohamoud was welcomed into the White House and met with President Barack Obama, signalling that Washington had formally recognised the Mogadishu government.
Since then, the diplomatic contacts between the two countries have been warm, but rather low key.
President Donald Trump has now elevated US interest in Somalia, especially with his ordering of increased attacks on the bases of the Al Qaeda-linked Al-Shabaab, soon after taking office.
The new US ambassador, Donald Y. Yamamoto, who presented his credentials to President Mohamed Abdullahi Farmajo last month, affirmed that his mission would operate from the Somali capital.





VIDEO Dawlada Somalia Oo Go,anki U...





Shir ay iskuugu yimaadeen saraashiisha ciidanka xooga dalka somaliyeed ayaa looga hadlay xaalada dalka halka uu marayso iyo dagaalada Alshabaab sidii loo soo afjari lahaa
Wasiirka wasaarada gaashaandhiga Xasan Cali Maxamed iyo taliyaha ciidanka xooga dalka somaliyeed daahir adan cilmi indho qarsho oo madasha ka hadlay ayaa sheegay in uu dulqaadkii ka dhamaaday taahan ay taagan tahay isku daygii ugu danbeeyey ee dagaalka Alshabaab lagu soo afmeeri lahaa maadaama cafiskii loo fidiyey ay sidii la rabay uga faaiidaysan lahaayeen





Muuqaalka xidhitaanka shirka aqaba...






Ra’iisul wasaare ku-xigeenka xukuumadda federaalka Soomaaliya, mudane Mahdi Maxamed Guuleed (Khadar) oo ku sugan dalka Jordan ayaa ka qayb gelaya shir looga hadlayo dagaalka loogu jiro yaranta ficillada argagaxisada iyo fikirka xagjirka ah.
Kulanka oo lagu qabanayo  magaalada xeebta ku taalla ee Aqaba ayaa qayb ka ah kulamo caalami ah oo looga tashado iskaashiga amniga iyo gaashaandhigga, is-dhaafsiga khibradaha ee bahwadaagta heer gobal iyo heer caalami si loo xoojiyo dadaallada lagu wiiqayo xagjirnimada.
Kulanka Aqaba ayaa si gaar ah diiradda loogu saarayaa sidii dhaqaale ahaan, ciidan ahaan iyo fikir ahaanba looga hor-tegi lahaa ficillada abaabulan ee kooxuhu ka gaystaan caalamka oo dhan.
Ra’iisul wasaare ku-xigeenka ayaa shirka ku metelaya madaxwaynaha iyo ra’iisul wasaaraha dalka oo lagu casuumay in midkooda ka qayb galo hase yeeshee ay uga baaqdeen hawla kale oo muhiim ah.
Wasiir ku-xigeenka wasaaradda amniga gudaha iyo saraakiil kale ayaa qayb ka ah iyo wafdiga uu hogaaminayo ra’iisul wasaare ku-xigeenka dalka mudane Mahdi Maxamed Guuleed (Khadar).
Ra’iisul wasaare ku-xigeenka XFS ayaa kulamo gaar gaar ah la qaadan doona mas’uuliyiinta kasoo qayb galay shirka Aqaba.Ra’iisul Wasare Ku-xigeenda Dalka oo Ka qayb galay shirka Amniga ee ka furmay Jordan
Ra’iisul wasaare ku-xigeenka xukuumadda federaalka Soomaaliya,  Mahdi Maxamed Guuleed (Khadar) oo ku sugan dalka Jordan ayaa ka qayb gelaya shir looga hadlayo dagaalka loogu jiro yaranta ficillada argagaxisada iyo fikirka xagjirka ah.
Kulanka oo lagu qabanayo  magaalada xeebta ku taalla ee Aqaba ayaa qayb ka ah kulamo caalami ah oo looga tashado iskaashiga amniga iyo gaashaandhigga, is-dhaafsiga khibradaha ee bahwadaagta heer gobal iyo heer caalami si loo xoojiyo dadaallada lagu wiiqayo xagjirnimada.
Kulanka Aqaba ayaa si gaar ah diiradda loogu saarayaa sidii dhaqaale ahaan, ciidan ahaan iyo fikir ahaanba looga hor-tegi lahaa ficillada abaabulan ee kooxuhu ka gaystaan caalamka oo dhan.
Ra’iisul wasaare ku-xigeenka ayaa shirka ku metelaya madaxwaynaha iyo ra’iisul wasaaraha dalka oo lagu casuumay in midkooda ka qayb galo hase yeeshee ay uga baaqdeen hawla kale oo muhiim ah.
Wasiir ku-xigeenka wasaaradda amniga gudaha iyo saraakiil kale ayaa qayb ka ah iyo wafdiga uu hogaaminayo ra’iisul wasaare ku-xigeenka dalka mudane Mahdi Maxamed Guuleed (Khadar).





VIDEO Dooda mususqmaasuqa oo ay ka...





Wasiiro ka tirsan xukuumada fadaraalka ee Somaliya hanta dhowrka iyo xeer ilaaliyaha guud ee qaranka xubno ka mid ah hey.adaha qaramada midoobey safiirka dalka mareykanka Mr yamamooto iyo xubno matalayey beesha caalmka bulshada raiyidka ayaa ka qeybgalay shirka maalinta caalamiga ah ee la dagaalanka Musuqmaasuqa oo lagu qabtay magaalada Muqdisho
Hanta dhowraha guud ee qaranka Maxamed Cali Afgooye oo kuilanka ka hadlay ayaa sheegay in arinta mujsuqa loo xirxiray shaqsiyaad halka kuwa kalana ay shaqadoodii ku waayeen
Xeer ilaaliyaha guud ee qaranka Axmed Cali Daahir oo madasha ka hadlay ayaa waxaa uu xusay in uusan aaminsaneyn aragtida ah in Somaliya ay kaalimaha hore kaga jirto dalalka ugu musuqmaasuqa badan dunida arigtidaas ayuu sheegay in loo baahan yahay in si wada jir ah looga hortago qof kastana masuuliyadiisa uu qaato
Safiirka dalka mareykanka u fadhiya somaliya Ambaasadoor  donal yamomaato ayaa sheegay in loo baahan yahay la dagaalanka musuqmaasuqa ee ay dowladu wado si wanaagsan oo sharci iyo cadaymo sharci ah lagu saleeyo
Ugu danbeyntii wasiirka wasaarada cadaalada abuukaate Xasan xusen Xaaji iyo wakiilka UND P ee somaliya u qabilsan ayaa kala saxiixday heshiis quseeya qorshaha fulinta la dagaalnka musuq maasuqa





Aqriso Warqada ay qoreen Xildhibaanada...





Bogga 1aad
KU: GUDDOOMIYAHA GOLAHA SHACABKA BAARLAMAANKA FEDERAALKA SOOMAALIYA
UJEEDDO: HINDISAHA XILKA-QAADISTA MADAXWEYNAHA JAMHUURIYADDA FEDERAALKA SOOMAALIYA
M.ne Guddoomiye, Mudanayaal;
Annagoo ah Xildhibaanada ku saxiixan Hindisahaan, Waxaan Golaha Shacabka u soo gudbinaynaa Hindisaha Xilka-qaadista Madaxweynaha Jamhuuriyadda Federaalka Soomaaliya si waafaqsan qodobka 92aad, faqradiisa 1aad iyo 2aad ee dastuurka Jamhuuriyada Federaalka Soomaaliya.
Hindisaha xilka-qaadista Madaxweynaha Jamhuuriyada Federaalka Soomaaliya waxaan soo jeedinaynaa kadib markii uu ku kacay qiyaano-qaran, kuna xadgudbay dastuurka qaranka iyo sharciyada kale ee Jamhuuriyada Federaalka Soomaaliya sida hoos ku qodobaysan:
QAYBTA 1AAD: Ku xadgudub mabaadii’da iyo shuruudaha isucelinta Eedeysanayaasha iyo Dembiilayaasha
Madaxweynaha Jumhuuriyadda Federaalka Soomaaliya wuxuu si ula kac ah ugu xadgudbay Dastuurka Jamhuuriyadda Federaalka Soomaaliya oo uu ka saaranyahay waajib Dastuuri ilaalintiisa sida uu dhigayo qodobka 87aad iyo 96aad ee Dastuurka. Qodobada Madaxweynuhu uu ku xadgudbay waxaa ka mid ah:
1. KU XADGUD QODOBKA 36AAD EE DASTUURKA FEDERAALKA
Madaxweynaha Jamhuuriyadda Federaalka Soomaaliya wuxuu si oggaal leh ugu xadgudubay qodobka 36aad ee Dastuurka Federaalka Soomaaliya ee xeerinaya mabaadii’da iyo shuruudaha isucelinta Eedeysanayaasha iyo Dembiilayaasha
Bogga 2aad
Qodobka 36aad farqadiisa 1aad iyo 2aad ee Dastuurka Federaalka ayaa xeerinaya in isucelinta eedeysanayaasha iyo dambiilayaasha dhexmari kara Jumhuuriyadda Soomaaliya iyo Dowlad kale ay ku dhici karto oo kaliya si waafqsan sharciga iyo in uu jiro:
1) Heshiis isu-celin ah oo ay Jamhuuriyadda Federaalka Soomaaliya dhinac ka tahay iyo heshiis caalami ah oo ku waajibinaya Dawladda Federaalka Soomaaliyeed celinta eedaysanaha ama dembiilaha.
2) In ay ahaataa mid waafaqasan dhaqanka iyo qaanuunka caalamiga ah, waana in Baarlamaanka Federaalka ah soo saaraa sharciga lagu maamulayo isucelinta dembiilayaasha.
2. KU XADGUDUB QODOBKA 10AAD IYO 35AAD EE DASTUURKA FEDERAALKA:
Waxuu Madaxweynaha si aan ganbasho lahayn ugu xadgudbay qodobka 10aad ee dastuurka farqadiisa 1aad, 2aad iyo 3aad, oo dhamaantood tilmaamaya ilaalinta karaamada aadanaha iyo in aan marna awoodda dowladda loo isticmaalin meel uga dhicida karaamada aadanaha.
Sidaas si lamid ah Madaxweynuhu waxa uu ku tuntay qodobka 35aad ee dastuurka ee si cad u qeexaya ilaalinta xaquuqda eedeysanaha, qaas ahaan. In aan qofna lagu qasbi karin dembi-qirasho. In mudo 48 saac gudahooda lagu horgeeyo maxkamad awood u leh. In xaaladdiisa la gaarsiiyo qoyskiisa ama eheladiisa. In Eedeysanaha aan lagu hayn karin goob aan sharcigu bannayn iyo xaqa uu u leeyahay in uu qabsado qareen difaaca.
QAYBTA 2AAD: Ku xadgudub Xeerka Habka Ciqaabta Soomaaliyeed
3. KU XADGUDUB QODOBKA 278AAD, 279AAD IYO 280AAD EE XEERKA CIQAABTA SOOMAALIYEED
Sidoo kale madaxweynaha Jamhuuriyada Federaalka Soomaaliya waxa uu ku xadgudbay dhammaan qodobbada Qodobka 278aad, 279aad iyo 280aad ee Xeerka Habka Ciqaabta Soomaaliyeed (Sharci Lr. 1 ee 1-dii Juun 1963), oo dhamaantood
Bogga 3aad
tibaaxaya habka, raadraaca iyo shuruuradaha lagu celin karo qofka eedeysanaha u ah dowlad shisheeye ama dembi ka galay.
Haddaba, iyadoo uusan jirin heshiis Soomaaliya dhinac ka tahay iyo heshiis caalami ah oo ku waajibinaya ama sharci uu ansixiyay Goleyaasha Baarlamaanka Federaalka Soomaaliya, ayuu Madaxweynaha Jamhuuriyadda Federaalka u dhiibay M.ne. Cabdikariim Sheekh Muuse (Qalbi dhagax) dowlada Itoobiya si aan waafaqsaneyn Qodobka 36aad ee Dastuurka Federaalka Soomaaliya iyo Xeerka Habka Ciqaabta Soomaaliyeed, taasoo xudgudub culus ku ah Dastuurka Jamhuuriyada Federaalka Soomaaliya iyo shuruucda kale ee dalka u yaalla.
QAYBTA 3AAD Ku xadgudub awoodaha iyo xilka Madaxweynaha Jamhuuriyada Federaalka Soomaaliya
4. KU XADGUDUB QODOBKA 87AAD, FAQRADIISA 2AAD, 90AAD, FAQRADIISA (c, J, q), 109A IYO 111A EE DASTUURKA FEDERAALKA:
Sida ku cad qodobka 87aad, faqradiisa 2aad waa waajib dastuuri ah oo saaran Madaxweynaha Jamhuuriyadda Federaalka in xilkiisa u guto si waafaqsan Dastuurka iyo sharciyada kale ee Jamhuuriyadda Federaalka Soomaaliya.
Sida ku cad qodobka 90aad, faqradiisa (q) Madaxweynaha wuxuu saxiixaa heshiisyada caalamiga ah kadib markii Golaha Wasiirrada soo jeediyo, Golaha Shacabkuna ansixiyo.
Madaxweynaha Jamhuuriyada Federaalka waxa uu ku xadgudbay qodobkaan isagoo heshiisyo iyo is-afgarad qarsoodi ah lasoo galay dowlado shisheeye oo sheegay in ay la saxiixdeen Soomaaliya heshiisyo lagula wareejinayo dekadaha Soomaaliya. Sidoo kalena lagu midaynayo wadamada Soomaaliya, Itoobiya iyo Eretereeya, si mustaqbalka ay u yeeshaan hal Madaxweyne sida Ra’iisul Wasaaraha Itoobiya uu sheegay. Sidoo kale warbaahinta dowladda Soomaaliya ayaa baahisay qoraal iyo sawirro madaxweynaha oo heshiiska uu saxiixay ay is weydaarsanayaan Madaxweynaha Eretereeya iyo Ra’iisul Wasaaraha Itoobiya. Heshiisyadaas ayaa Madaxweyne Farmaajo saxiixay sadex jeer oo kala duwan sida:
1) Heshiiskii Madaxweynaha Soomaaliya iyo Ra’iisul Wasaaraha Itoobiya ku kala sadiixdeen magaalada Mogadishu 16 June 2018 ee dowlada Itoobiya lagula wareejiyay 4 dekadood oo ku yaal xeebaha Soomaaliya ee badweynta Hindiya iyo badda cas.
Bogga 4aad
2) Heshiiskii Madaxweynaha Soomaaliya, Eretereeya iyo Ra’iisul Wasaaraha Itoobiya ku kala saxiixdeen magaalada Asmara 5 – 6 September 2018 ee lagu sheegay war murtiyeedkii kasoo baxay in lagu heshiiyey 4 qodob oo ay ugu muhiimsanaayeen iskaashi dhaqaale, siyaasadeed, dhaqan iyo amni oo sadexda dowladood sameystaan.
3) Heshiiskii Madaxweynaha Soomaaliya, Eretereeya iyo Ra’iisul Wasaaraha Itoobiya ku kala saxiixdeen magaalada Gondar ee gobolka Baxar-daar November 10, 2018 ee Ra’iisul Wasaaraha Itoobiya ka sheegay xaflad uu xaadir ka ahaa Madaxweynaha Soomaaliya iyo Madaxweynaha Eretereeya in sedexda dal aanay lahaan doonin sedex madaxweyne ee ay yeelan doonaan hal madaxeeyne. Madaxweyne Farmaajo oo meeshaa ka hadlay waxaa ka muuqtay farxad iyo rayn-rayn uu u qabo hadalkaas, mana muujin wax tilmaamayo in arrimahaas ay u yaallaan shacabka Soomaaliyeed, taladoodana lagama maarmaan ay tahay.
Sida ku cad qodobka 90aad, faqradiisa (c) Madaxweynuhu wuxuu magacaabaa Taliyeyaasha Ciidammada Heer Federaal iyo ka qaadista xilalkooda, markii ay soo jeediyaan Golaha Wasiirradu.
Madaxweynuhu wuxuu jabiyay qodobkaan kadib markii taliyeyaashii ugu dambeeyay ee la magacaabay aan loo soo marin faritaanada dastuuriga ah ee qodobkaan ku cad oo ah in Golaha Wasiirada ay soo jeediyaan kadibna Madaxweynuhu wareegto kusoo saaro magacaabistooda.
Sida ku cad qodobka 90aad, faqradiisa (j) Madaxweynuhu wuxuu magacaabaa Guddoomiyaha Maxkamadda Sare iyo Garsooreyaasha kale Heer-Federaal, soo-jeedinta Guddiga Adeegga Garsoorka ka dib. Madaxweynaha waxa uu baalmaray qodobkaan isagoo si aan dastuurka dalka waafaqsanayn u magacaabay garsoorayaal Maxkamadaha Gobolka Banaadir, Maxkamadda Rafcaanka iyo Maxkamadda Sare iyadoo ayaan jirin guddiga adeegga garsoorka, isla markaana aanan loo marin xataa habraaca xeerka nidaamka garsoorka 1962. Nasiib darro garsoorayaashaa sharcidarrada lagu magacaabay waxay xukumaan dilal iyo ciqaabo kale maalin kasta. Taasoo xadgudub ku ah dhamaan tilmaamaha ku xusan qodobada dastuuriga ah ee 109A iyo 111A oo dhamaantood si cad u qeexaya madaxbanaanida iyo waajibaadka shaqo ee Golaha Adeega Garsoorka.
Bogga 5aad
QAYBTA 4AAD Ku xadgudub Mabaadi’da Federaalka, duminta dowlad goboleedyada iyo abaabulka dagaalo sokeeye.
5. KU XADGUDUB QODOBADA 50AAD, 51AAD, IYO 53AAD EE DASTUURKA FEDERAALKA.
Madaxweynaha Jamhuuriyada Federaalka Soomaaliya waxa uu ku xadgudbay Mabaadi’da Federaalka Heerarka kala duwan ee Jamhuuriyadda Federaalka iyo sidoo kale Xiriirka Iskaashi iyo wada shaqeyn ee ka dhaxeeya Dowlada Federaalka iyo dowladaha xubnaha ka ah dowlada Federaalka sida:
1) Ilaaliyaan mabaadi’da Federaalnimada.
2) Jiritaanka iyo joogtaynta xiriirro iskaashi iyo istaageerid labo-dhinacle ah oo ka dhexeeya Dawladaha xubnaha ka ah federaalka iyo Xukuumadda Federaalka. In la joogteeyo kulan sanadeed ay wada yeeshaan madaxda fulinta Xukuumadda Federaalka iyo Madaxda Fulinta Dawladaha xubinta ka ah Xukuumadda Federaalka.
3) Iyada oo la qaddarinayo nuxurka iskaashi ee lagu shaqaynayo, xukuumadda Federaalku waa in ay Dawlad- goboleedyada kala tashataa wada-xaajoodyada la xiriira kaalmada dibedda, ganacsiga, cahdiyada ama arrimaha muhiimka ah ee la xiriira heshiisyada caalamiga ah.
4) Khilaafaadka in lagu xaliyo wadahadal iyo dib-u-heshiin.
Dhammaan qodobadaan dastuuriga ah ayaa Madaxweynaha Jamhuuriyada Federaalka si ula kac ah ugu tuntay. Isoo farogelin ku sameeyay arrimaha gaarka u ah Dowlad Goboleedyada sida dooroshooyinka, deganaanshaha amni iyo siyaasadeed ee dowlad goboleedyada isagoo ciidamo u diray si loo afduubo doorshada Koonfur Galbeed. Wuxuu abuuray khalkhal siyaasadeed oo la iskaga horkeenayo madaxda dowlad goboleedyada sida ka dhacday Galmudug iyo Puntland. Wuxuu hiigsaday siyaasado ku dhisan dibindaabyeyn, maquunin iyo sandulleynta Dowlad Goboleedyada. Wuxuu abaabulay maleeshiyo beeleedyo hubaysan oo qalqal geliya amniga iyo deganaanshiyaha dowlad goboleedyada. Wuxuu ku tagrifalay hantidii umadda isagoo bixiyay lacago laaluush ah oo lagu duminayo maamulada dalka kajira. Sidoo kale wuxuu hakiyay wadahadaladii Soomaaliya iyo Soomaaliland sabab la’aan.
Bogga 6aad
QAYBTA 5AAD Ku xadgudub Mabaadi’ida Ciidamada Amniga, Xeerka Ciqaabta Ciidamada Qalabka Sida (XCCQS) iyo Qaraaraadka Goleyaasha Barlamaanka:
6. KU XADGUDUB QODOBKA 127AAD EE DASTUURKA FEDERAALKA
Madaxweynaha waxa uu ku xadgudbay Mabaadi’ida Ciidamada Amniga, Mihnadda ciidannimo ee looga baahanyahay Ciidamada Qalabka Sida iyo Hay’adaha Amniga in ay la yimaadaan: Dhawrista Talinta Sharciga hay’adaha dimoqoraaddiga ah iyo xuquuqda asaasiga; U-heellanaanta ilaalinta Dastuurka Jamhuuriyadda Federaalka Soomaaliya; Furfurnaan iyo oggolaansho laxisaabtan; iyo in ay Dhexdhexaad ka noqdaan arrimaha siyaasadeed.
Madaxweynaha ayaa baalmaray qodobkaan isagoo kala diray Cidiimada Qalabka Sida, wuuna abuuray maleeshiyaad loogu magac daray XASSILINTA IYO DIFAACA SHACABKA kuwaas oo lagu maalgeliyay lacagihii ciidamada loogu talogalay. Maleeshiyaadkaas ayaa ku kacay falal liddi ku ah dastuurka iyo shuruucda caalamiga ah xuquuqda aadanaha, iyagoo ka gaystay magaalada Mogadishu xasuuq, barakicin iyo boob hanti dad wayne. Sidoo kale ciidamadaan ayaa loo isticmaalaa caburinta iyo weerarada ka dhanka ah siyaasiinta ka aragti duwan Madaxweynaha iyo xukuumadiisa sida weerarkii guryaha Senator Cabdi Xasan Cawaale (Qaybdiid) iyo siyaasi Cabdirahman Cabdi Shakuur Warsame.
7. KU XADGUDUB QODOBKA 21AAD, 22AAD, 23AAD EE XEERKA CIQAABTA CIIDAMADA QALABKA SIDA
Madaxweynaha waxuu si mas’uuliyad darro ah uu darajada ciidanimo uga xayuubiyay ciidan kana uga saaray Taliye Xigeenkii hore ee Hay’adda Nabadsugidda iyo Sirdoonka Qaranka Sareeye Guuto Abdalla Abdalla iyadoo uusan Madaxweynaha usoo marin hanaan waafqsan sharciga tilaabooyinkaan uu qaaday. Sida ku cad Xeerka Cibaaqta Ciidamada Qalabka Sida ee (Xeer Lr. 2 ee 31-dii Maarso 1963) qodobkiisa 21aad, 22aad iyo 23aad, darajo dhimis iyo shaqo ka joojin ama ka casilid ciidan sida uu tilmaamayo xeerkaan waxaa la sameeynayaa marka uu dhaco xukun maxkamadeed. Tusaale:
1) Darajo dhimis sarkaal waxay imaanaysaa marka uu ku dhaco xukun maxkamadeed oo ka badan 3 sano.
Bogga 7aad
2) Ka saaridda sarkaal ciidamada waxay imaanaysaa marka uu ku dhaco xukun xabsi daa’in ama ka badan 5 sano.
Haddaba, Madaxweynaha Jamhuuriyadda Soomaaliya wuxuu si bareer ah u jabiyay Xeerka Cibaaqta Ciidamada Qalabka (Xeer Lr. 2 ee 31-dii Maarso 1963) qodobkiisa 21aad, 22aad iyo 23aad, taas oo si cad uga hor imaanaysa qodobka 87aad, faqradiisa 2aad ee si cad u qeexaya in Madaxweynaha Jamhuuriyadda Federaalka uu xilkiisa u guto si waafaqsan Dastuurka iyo sharciyada kale ee Jamhuuriyadda Federaalka Soomaaliya.
8. KU XADGUDUB QARAARAADKA GOLEYAASHA BARLAMAANKA
Sidoo kale Madaxweynuhu waxa uu ku tuntay qaraarkii Golaha Shacabka uu soo saaray 30 April 2017 ee dib-u-habaynta iyo tayeynta Ciidamada Qalabka Sida ee Soomaaliya.
Madaxweynuhu waxa uu baalmaray xeerkii dhowridda gobonimada iyo midnimada geyiga Soomaaliyeed ee Goleyaasha Barlamaanku ansixiyeen bishii Maarso 2018 qodobkiisa 1aad ee ku waajibinayay Madaxweynaha Jamhuuriyada Federaalka in uu saxiixo.
Sidaas daraadeed, M.ne Guddoomiye, Mudanayaal;
Annagoo ah Xildhibaanada ku saxiixan Hindisahaan, Waxaan Golaha Shacabka u soo gudbinaynaa Hindisaha Xilka-qaadista Madaxweynaha Jamhuuriyadda Federaalka Soomaaliya si waafaqsan qodobka 92aad, faqradiisa 1aad iyo 2aad ee dastuurka Jamhuuriyada Federaalka Soomaaliya.
Mahadsanidiin.
Naga Guddoomma Salaan qaddarin leh.





The AGSIW Gulf Rising Series Gulf...






Gulf Strategic Interests Reshaping the Horn of Africa
Taimur Khan
November 26, 2018
The Arab Gulf States Institute in Washington (AGSIW), launched in 2015, is an independent,
nonprofit institution dedicated to providing expert research and analysis of the social, economic,
and political dimensions of the Gulf Arab states and how they impact domestic and foreign
policy. AGSIW focuses on issues ranging from politics and security to economics, trade, and
business; from social dynamics to civil society and culture. Through programs, publications, and
scholarly exchanges the institute seeks to encourage thoughtful debate and inform the U.S. policy
community regarding this critical geostrategic region.
© 2018 Arab Gulf States Institute in Washington. All rights reserved.
AGSIW does not take institutional positions on public policy issues; the views represented herein
are the author’s own and do not necessarily reflect the views of AGSIW, its staff, or its board of
directors.
No part of this publication may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means
without permission in writing from AGSIW. Please direct inquiries to:
info@agsiw.org
This publication can be downloaded at no cost at www.agsiw.org.
Cover Photo Credit: REUTERS/Feisal Omar
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P a p e r
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About the Author
Taimur Khan is a non-resident fellow at the Arab Gulf States Institute in Washington as well as
a journalist who has written extensively on the contemporary politics of the Gulf Arab states
and Pakistan. He covered U.S. Middle East policy from Washington and New York for The
National newspaper, and more recently reported for the paper on the region as a Gulf-based
correspondent. He received a Nation Institute Investigative Fund grant for his reporting on
Pakistan’s role in the global methamphetamine precursors trade. His recent work has focused
primarily on the Gulf region, and over the course of the last three years he has reported from
across the Gulf Cooperation Council states on the cultural, political economic, and security effects
of the low oil price environment and the geopolitical flux in the Middle East. His current projects
include research and reporting on competition among Middle Eastern powers for economic
and political influence in the Horn of Africa, Pakistan’s evolving ties with the Gulf states, and the
interplay between Shia identity and politics in Pakistan and the current turmoil in the Middle East.
His work has appeared in Foreign Policy, Foreign Affairs, World Policy Journal, Al Jazeera America,
Men’s Journal, Critical Muslim, GQ.com, New York Magazine, and Devex.
The AGSIW Gulf Rising Series
Over the last decade the Gulf Arab countries have energized their role in regional politics, from
the use of military intervention, to increased bilateral foreign assistance, to more robust regional
coordination. This, combined with a perception of U.S. disengagement from the Middle East, has
prompted Gulf Arab countries to seek and establish strong relations with other centers of power
– regionally and globally.
This paper was developed as part of AGSIW’s Gulf Rising series analyzing the energized role of the
Gulf Arab states in the international system. The series looks beyond Gulf Arab relations with the
United States to examine ties with other key countries and regions. Additionally, it investigates
motivations behind Gulf Arab states’ foreign policy choices and evaluates the implications for U.S.
foreign policy toward the Gulf Arab states and the region.
Taimur Khan | 1
Executive Summary
The Gulf Arab states’ engagement with the countries of the Horn of Africa dates back at least
to the postcolonial era of the 1950s and 60s. Over recent decades, however, the Horn of Africa
has become a region of increasing geostrategic and economic importance, as the United Arab
Emirates and Saudi Arabia have sought to establish a long-term military and commercial
presence on both sides of the Gulf of Aden and Red Sea, in an effort to cement their status as
regional powers.
Even as the Gulf Arab states are deepening their engagement in the region, the Red Sea basin
has also re-emerged at the heart of global geostrategic competition among China, Europe, the
United States, and Russia. This intense interest has given far greater leverage to Horn of Africa
leaders to bargain for better deals or play patrons off one another.
The UAE and Saudi Arabia recently demonstrated they could leverage relationships to play a
positive role, brokering a historic rapprochement between bitter rivals Ethiopia and Eritrea
that could be transformational for the region in terms of economics, security, and stability.
But at the same time, the Saudi and Emirati rivalry with Turkey and Qatar has spilled over,
exacerbating pre-existing divisions and raising questions about whether the Gulf Arab states
are more of a destabilizing force in the region. The long-term implications of a growing Gulf
presence in the region and what this means for local political dynamics is unclear. What is
evident, however, is that as Gulf Arab states exert greater influence in the Horn of Africa, the
region’s future is being reimagined.
Introduction
This paper was informed by research and interviews conducted in Somaliland and Kenya as
well as a workshop hosted by the Arab Gulf States Institute in Washington on the increasing
geostrategic and economic importance of the Horn of Africa for Gulf Arab states, and the
opportunities this creates for governments and other elites in the region. For the United Arab
Emirates and, to a lesser degree, Saudi Arabia cementing their status as regional powers
depends to a significant extent on their ability to establish a strategic, long-term military
and commercial presence on both sides of the Gulf of Aden and Red Sea. Ports and trade
infrastructure that will connect fast-growing eastern Africa to Asian markets via hubs in Dubai,
Abu Dhabi, and elsewhere in the Gulf Arab states, will position the two Gulf allies as key regional
players. As such, they will almost certainly engage with actors in China’s Belt and Road Initiative
or any competing bloc or country’s strategies to tap African markets and resources. Naval and
other military facilities on both sides of the narrow waterways also enhance the importance
of the UAE as a maritime security partner and counterterrorism force multiplier in Yemen
and the Horn of Africa. This permanent military footprint outside the Arabian Peninsula also
provides a stronger platform from which to compete with rivals Turkey and Qatar, and Iran.
This intertwined security and economic engagement allowed Abu Dhabi and Riyadh to be in
the right place at the right time to help broker a historic rapprochement between bitter rivals
Ethiopia and Eritrea that could be transformational for the region in terms of economics,
security, and stability. If the Gulf countries can somehow repeat this unexpected diplomatic
Gulf Strategic Interests Reshaping the Horn of Africa | 2
feat by bringing Egypt into an agreement over water rights with Ethiopia and Sudan, the result
could be tectonic. It is, however, far from certain that the fast-changing domestic politics
in the Horn of Africa countries, and the deft balancing of regional governments by foreign
competitors, will allow for such an optimal outcome.
This growing integration between Gulf Arab countries and the Horn of Africa is not only key
for understanding emerging regional dynamics. The Red Sea basin has also re-emerged at
the heart of global geostrategic competition among China, Europe, the United States, and
Russia. Developments in the region provide an instructive lesson – and a view to the future –
in the multipolar, transactional, and realpolitik nature of geopolitics untethered from a status
quo or defined balance of power. The emerging regional powers of the Gulf Arab states are
maneuvering to take advantage of this new environment, working in partnership with super
power rivals Washington and Beijing when it suits their perceived interests.
From Destabilization to Regional Peace?
Since 2015, the involvement of Gulf Arab countries in the Horn of Africa in many ways has been
perceived as destabilizing. This has been illustrated by the spillover of the Emirati and Saudi
rivalry with Qatar and Turkey into Somalia, whose fragile governance and security gains have
been undermined by the new patrons and exacerbation of the pre-existing centrifugal political
forces in the country. National and subnational leaders have all reaped the benefits of their
highly personalized relationships with officials from Qatar, the UAE, and Saudi Arabia, in terms
of financial and other rents in exchange for loyalty with particular Gulf state strategies. On
one hand Doha, in coordination with Turkey, has supported the Somali president, Mohamed
Abdullahi Mohamed, known as “Farmajo,” financially, which has allowed him to consolidate
his grip on power in the Somali capital of Mogadishu, including by forcing the media and
political rivals into submission, building
a Turkish-trained army unit composed
in part of recruits drawn from Islamist
networks,1 and to continue working to
rein in the leaders of federal member
states. The UAE, on the other hand, has been backing federal leaders and the self-declared
state of Somaliland in part to weaken the Qatari-backed central government in Mogadishu.
Both patrons have supported leaders against political and clan rivals, which has been a
destabilizing dynamic that has drawn public criticism from the traditional Western actors in
Somalia whose influence is waning.
Beyond the Gulf rivals’ maneuvering in Somalia, their growing interest in the Horn of Africa
has also affected dynamics between countries in the region. Unlike in other regions of the
continent, there have been no real attempts by Horn of Africa countries to organize as a
cooperative bloc with mutual security, economic, or geostrategic interests. This has left the
region vulnerable to shocks emanating from outside the region, such as the Gulf states and
broader Middle East.
1 Harun Maruf, “Turkey Gives Weapons to Somali Soldiers,” Voice of America, January 5, 2018.
Beyond the Gulf rivals’ maneuvering in Somalia, their
growing interest in the Horn of Africa has also affected
dynamics between countries in the region.
Taimur Khan | 3
Sudan’s leasing of the island of Suakin to Turkey in December 2017 set in motion a chain
of events that brought Sudan and Egypt to the brink of conflict. Meanwhile, the UAE and
Saudi Arabia’s use of Eritrean military bases to conduct operations in Yemen threatened a
response from the Horn of Africa’s most powerful country, Ethiopia. According to one expert,
“the impact of the [Gulf Cooperation Council] split and the Yemen war was seen as a divider
and a source of insecurity for the Horn of Africa states.”
However, recent developments spurred by the historic peace deal between Ethiopia and
Eritrea – which was partly brokered by the UAE – have altered the frame through which
Gulf engagement is viewed. The potential for substantial negative effects remains, but it is
increasingly clear that the Gulf Arab states can play a positive role. “The conventional narrative
is a deeply pessimistic one, that [Gulf involvement] would be a driver of conflict,” one expert
said. “But movement on the Eritrea-Ethiopia issue gets at the ways in which these recent
dynamics might be a driver of conflict resolution in ways I couldn’t have imagined” even
very recently. The Ethiopia-Eritrea conflict had spilled across the region in a variety of ways,
inflaming tensions between Eritrea and Sudan and Ethiopia and Egypt, as well as troubling
Sudan’s relations with Cairo, and Djibouti’s ties with Eritrea. “A major conflict axis in the region
[has been taken] off the table and that is very significant,” the expert said.
A History of Gulf Engagement
Since the postcolonial era of the 1950s and 60s there has been a record of Gulf countries
engaging in the Horn of Africa to pursue mostly political objectives. While there are similarities
between the recent engagement and relationships in the past, there are also significant
differences. “Arab states have had a lot of influence in the Horn historically, [and] their
rivalries have spilled over in repeated intervals,” one expert said. “The Arab-Israeli rivalry, the
rivalry between conservative and radical states, even between Baathist states, have driven
conflict. The long conflict in Sudan, the civil war in Ethiopia, the Ethiopia-Somalia war all had a
dimension of Middle East rivalries spilling over into the Horn.”
The last high-water mark of involvement was during the Cold War, particularly the 1970s
and 80s when the Gulf monarchies had large budget surpluses to spend pursuing interests
abroad. At the time, Gulf countries mostly aligned with the United States against Soviet-backed
movements and governments, which was reflected in their engagement in the Horn of Africa.
“For instance, what Saudi [Arabia] was doing in Ethiopia after the Marxist revolution was in
lockstep with U.S. containment and supporting certain elements of the Eritrean rebels,” one
expert noted. “It’s a different story now.” The Gulf Arab powers and Turkey – all putative close
and historic U.S. partners – are currently pursuing their own perceived interests, sometimes
explicitly out of competition with each other, many times in ways that clash with U.S. interests
or that support U.S. rivals like China and Russia. At other times the dynamic is reversed, and
U.S. interests are bolstered at the expense of the United States’ competitors. “There’s no
button one can press in Washington, Moscow, or Beijing to get control of what’s going on in
the Horn of Africa. It’s a far messier game,” the expert said.
Another shift that signals this cycle of Gulf engagement in the Horn of Africa may be more
sustained and longer term is the establishment of permanent strategic commercial and
military assets along the Horn of Africa’s Red Sea coast. The UAE has led the way in this,
Gulf Strategic Interests Reshaping the Horn of Africa | 4
with a military and naval base in Assab, Eritrea. These were followed by a military and naval
base in Berbera, Somaliland as well as a port run by the Dubai-based DP World and a related
free zone and connectivity infrastructure. Additionally, the Dubai-based P&O Ports took over
the management of the port of Bosaso, in the semiautonomous Somali state of Puntland,
where the UAE has trained a Puntland maritime force to counter piracy and fight al-Shabab.
Saudi Arabia has a military facility in Djibouti. Turkey has a base in Mogadishu and Albayrak
company – whose chairman is Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan’s son-in-law – runs
the Mogadishu port. Ankara also has signed a long-term concession to rebuild and manage
the Ottoman port of Suakin, Sudan, although it is still unclear if this will have military or solely
commercial dimensions.
Growing Global and Regional Competition in the Red
Sea
Deepening Gulf engagement in the Horn of Africa also coincides with – and is shaped by –
growing interest in the region’s strategic geography, and its economic potential, by global
powers and medium-sized powers such as western European Union countries and Israel. This
intense interest has given far greater leverage to Horn of Africa leaders to bargain for better
deals or play patrons off one another. The Gulf countries’ new position in the Horn of Africa
also allows them to leverage their role as larger global powers jockey for position.
China is increasing its focus on the region and Red Sea, and Russia, which is already exploiting
openings left by the United States and European powers elsewhere in Africa, is actively
looking for a Horn of Africa country in which it can build its own military facilities. The UAE, in
particular, may hope that its influence and hard assets in the Horn of Africa position it to act
as a regional partner for these powers as
it also pursues its own interests. It seems
as though China, the United States, and
Russia are avoiding forcing the UAE to take
sides and are pursuing alignments when
practical. For example, the UAE is at odds
with Djibouti over the nationalization of
the Doraleh Container Terminal that DP
World had run in Djibouti. A Chinese state
firm was given control of an area around the terminal to build Africa’s largest free-trade zone,
and China has built an even bigger port at Doraleh. The United States is increasingly alarmed
over the widening scope of Djibouti’s ties to Beijing, and the strategic risk of Chinese control
over Djiboutian ports that service the largest U.S. military base in Africa, also in Djibouti. One
expert suggested that U.S. support for the UAE’s efforts to mediate Eritrea-Ethiopia peace
is tied to the Djibouti issue, as it looks to diversify its footprint away from Djibouti, possibly
to Assab, creating an area of alignment between Abu Dhabi and Washington. But this has
not seemed to dampen the China-UAE relationship elsewhere, with Chinese President Xi
Jinping making a state visit to Abu Dhabi in late July during which a number of pledges of
The Gulf Arab powers and Turkey – all putative close
and historic U.S. partners – are currently pursuing
their own perceived interests, sometimes explicitly out
of competition with each other, many times in ways
that clash with U.S. interests or that support U.S. rivals
like China and Russia.
Taimur Khan | 5
cooperation under the Belt and Road Initiative were announced. These included a DP World
agreement with Zhejiang China Commodities City Group to build a Traders Market in the Jebel
Ali free zone.2
Horn of Africa countries are also making the most of their newfound strategic importance
increasingly playing global powers off each other or simply balancing relations, even between
rival countries. For the first year of the dispute with Qatar, the UAE and Saudi Arabia appeared
to give zero-sum options to their Horn of Africa partners, but that position seems to have
softened over time and as these countries’ own leverage has increased. For example, Sudan
has leveraged its current position as an important partner for not only Gulf countries, but
also the EU, the United States, Israel, and Ethiopia. The government of Sudanese President
Omar Bashir has been able to, for now, solidify its survival after a period of pariah status. One
expert described recent meetings with current and former officials in the Sudanese capital of
Khartoum, and a clear desire to re-evaluate Sudan’s role in the Yemen conflict as a key supplier
of soldiers to the Saudi-led coalition. Around 16,000 Sudanese troops have been deployed to
Yemen as part of the coalition, an expert stated. “The discussion was very engaged in terms
of do we really want to continue in the war in Yemen, because of domestic concerns, because
2 “DP World Signs Agreement to Boost International Trade,” DP World, July 19, 2018.
Gulf Strategic Interests Reshaping the Horn of Africa | 6
more and more people are wondering where is the money that our troops were supposed to
be receiving” from the coalition. Domestically, Khartoum’s siding with Riyadh and Abu Dhabi
against Qatar as well as Iran has been criticized widely in a country where Islamist political
groups that have a long history of ties to post-revolution Iran and Qatar are popular. There are
also deep concerns in Khartoum about potential domestic blowback when the battle-hardened
forces return home. Some of the Sudanese soldiers are drawn from militias affiliated with
tribal leaders in Darfur, where Arab tribes are currently in conflict over resources and territory.
“They are coming back with more equipment, knowledge, and money,” an expert said. “What
are the implications in this region of the war in Yemen?” Beyond the growing number of
questions over the necessity of involvement in Yemen, Khartoum’s importance as a partner
for regional and global powers has increased significantly since the migration wave from Africa
that has had outsized political ramifications in Europe, in particular. For EU countries, Sudan
has become a focal point for cooperation
on stemming migration from the Horn
of Africa, and more broadly the security
nexus between the Horn of Africa and
Sahel region. For Washington, Khartoum
has become an important counterterrorism partner. Sudan has also aligned with Ethiopia
on the Great Ethiopian Renaissance Dam since it received guarantees of water volumes
for agriculture. Gulf countries are returning to the view that Sudan can be key to their food
security, providing greater confidence to Ethiopia and Sudan. “This has brought Sudan into a
very strong position,” according to one expert.
Another recent development, in Somalia, underscores the increasing confidence in hedging
and balancing among Horn of Africa actors. Soon after he met with the Abu Dhabi crown prince
in June, Ethiopia’s reformist President Ahmed Abiy traveled to Mogadishu for unexpected talks
with Somalia’s president. The Farmajo government is closely aligned with Qatar and Turkey;
its relations with Abu Dhabi have broken down completely as a result of these ties, which
Abu Dhabi sees as undermining its influence and interests in Mogadishu, as well as the UAE’s
engagement with Somali federal member states, which strengthens the autonomy-seeking
leaders of those regions and weakens Mogadishu’s sovereignty. Farmajo’s government has
empowered Islamist groups, and has sought to use its patrons’ financial support to try and
undermine the federal states and concentrate power in Mogadishu.
It was a shock, then, when Abiy and Farmajo announced the signing of a joint communique
that committed to greater economic and political integration between Somalia and Ethiopia,
including the joint development of four Somali commercial ports. There has been little
clarification about this potentially momentous agreement, but Somali analysts and members
of parliament say that Abiy may have convinced Farmajo to drop his opposition to the UAE’s
port and military projects in Somaliland and Puntland. A source close to Somali Prime Minister
Hassan Ali Khayre said that Farmajo has decided to balance his government’s relations with
Qatar and the UAE. He added that there may be a concern that there is less incentive for Doha
to maintain the same level of support if there is no threat of competition. That would be a
major accomplishment for Abu Dhabi, which, according to accounts of former and current
Somali officials as well as opposition lawmakers, had lost any levers of influence it had in
Mogadishu after a handful of key allies were disempowered by Farmajo, and the UAE had not
cultivated clan or other networks in Mogadishu beyond those figures.
Sudan has leveraged its current position as an
important partner for not only Gulf countries, but also
the EU, the United States, Israel, and Ethiopia.
Taimur Khan | 7
There would be, notionally, a number of benefits for Farmajo in being courted by Ethiopia, and
by extension the UAE. “The Ethiopians went there saying there’s a lot of change happening, we
will try to balance with the [federal member states] but you have to accept this deal and we will
also talk to the UAE so that there is a fit that can be found for everyone,” another source close
to the current government said. It is also likely that Farmajo’s calculations are being influenced
by the Horn of Africa’s shifting geopolitics, which are for now tilting heavily in Ethiopia’s favor.
If Abiy is able to finally work with Eritrea, Sudan, and Kenya on greater regional integration,
and is allied with the UAE and backed strongly by the United States, European countries, and
the African Union, then an intransigent Farmajo would be squeezed externally and internally,
if the federal member states were emboldened and able to successfully resist his centralizing
strategy.
In the months since Abiy’s Mogadishu trip, he and Farmajo have met a number of times, but it
remains unclear if the dynamics in Mogadishu have shifted or if the UAE is content for now to,
in essence, let Qatar “own” the dysfunction and deteriorating security situation. Farmajo’s chief
of staff, Fahad Yasin, who is widely seen as the conduit for Qatari support, was named deputy
director of the internal intelligence service in August. The move was read by many analysts
as tied to an alleged campaign by Mogadishu to undermine federal member state presidents
allied with the UAE and Ethiopia ahead
of a slate of state elections over the next
year.
While the UAE’s partnership with
Ethiopia has had stabilizing externalities,
the case of Sudan illustrates how Gulf
engagement can be a driver of conflict in unpredictable ways, especially when the capabilities
and resources between Gulf Arab and Horn of Africa countries are so lopsided. “It’s a region
where security dilemmas are acute and concerns about regime survival are endemic,” an
expert said. “You put new external bases and new alliances into that equation, [they are]
potentially transformative in terms of the balance of power. So, this creates a lot of risk and
perceived vulnerability among states in the region and creates real potential for crisis and
escalation even if no one is angling for conflict.”
The scope and scale of military engagement by Gulf countries with their Horn of Africa clients
is almost completely opaque, which can also fuel the risk and threat perceptions of others.
Political rivalries in the region can be deeply rooted and may not have the same potential for
resolution as the Ethiopia-Eritrea rapprochement. The countries were bitter enemies, but the
people of both share language, ethnicity, history, and culture. The societal desire for peace
was strong, and just needed a catalyst at the elite level to achieve it. But the dynamic is flipped
in Somalia, for example, where the joint agreement for greater integration with Ethiopia was
met by widespread grassroots condemnation that caught Farmajo’s government off guard.
The scope and scale of military engagement by Gulf
countries with their Horn of Africa clients is almost
completely opaque, which can also fuel the risk and
threat perceptions of others.
Gulf Strategic Interests Reshaping the Horn of Africa | 8
Implications for Governance and Leadership
Transitions
Greater Gulf engagement in the Horn of Africa also has important implications for the
deeper structural evolution of governance in the region. The UAE’s opening with Ethiopia
was produced by a crisis of politics and governance in Ethiopia. The Tigray minority’s grip on
political and economic power became unsustainable and pushed Ethiopia to the brink of a
civil unraveling. The state’s single party, dominated by the Tigray fighters that overthrew the
Marxist dictatorship in 1991, allowed Abiy to become prime minister and has allowed his deep
pro-democratization reforms to proceed, so far. The country’s next general elections are in
less than two years and will be profoundly important. How Ethiopia’s transition plays out –
and how Gulf states decide to engage with it politically – will have implications for the entire
Horn of Africa, where political systems are almost all in some state of generational or societal
transition. In Eritrea, Sudan, and Djibouti, leaders are aging and there are no clear successors
or institutionalized systems of succession or transition. “What’s happening in Ethiopia is not
just about Ethiopia, it has regional implications. It is the political and economic center of
gravity of the Horn and it will have a democracy dividend beyond its borders, particularly in
neighboring countries,” one expert said. “I have a difficult time imagining how the autocratic
states bordering Ethiopia will be able to sustain their models over time if Ethiopia gets this
transition right.” That transition looks more and more troubled, as violence between ethnic
groups in the eastern Oromo and Somali regions of Ethiopia erupted in August.
Alternatively, Gulf engagement with leaders and other individual elites could produce what an
expert called a “countervailing force” that undermines the process of governance reform that
is key to regional stability. Leaders in the Horn of Africa may seek to use their new alliances in
the Gulf to extract political and economic rents that can be used to prolong their rule and ward
off pressure from below to reform governance along more democratic or at least inclusive
and representative lines.
A Story of Declining U.S. Influence, Real or Perceived
The story of greater Gulf and Turkish influence in the Horn of Africa is also one of an attendant
decline in influence on the part of Washington and EU powers. “A few things are happening
at the same time,” an expert said. “We have the emergence of the UAE, with a burgeoning
appetite for regional and geostrategic influence, and that’s happening because of and at
the same time as a growing feeling that the U.S. is intrinsically stepping back. The pivot to
Asia is taken desperately literally … [and has] galvanized what we’re seeing in the region.”
The United States seems almost solely concerned with the Horn of Africa as a security and
counterterrorism issue, and perhaps some aspects such as the Red Sea maritime corridor and
chokepoint as a small part of its larger competition with China and Russia.
Western countries do not appear to have longer-term economic strategies or to be interested in
engaging widely in Horn of Africa societies and politics to try and influence political outcomes.
U.S. officials, however, point to Washington’s role in the Ethiopia-Eritrea rapprochement and
the influence the United States wields through security relationships. European officials in
the Horn of Africa say that they are actually increasing their focus on the region, as a result of
Taimur Khan | 9
the migration issue, primarily. According to one expert, given the strategic importance of the
Bab el-Mandeb for European trade, the EU is working to convene a Red Sea forum with Horn
of Africa countries, the United States, Gulf countries, and other international stakeholders.
But the geopolitics creates questions about the effectiveness of such a multilateral forum in
managing so many competing interests. “The Germans have an interest to lead, and there
are discussions with Norwegians right now on this … the question is who has the convening
power and who is interested in joining,” an expert said. “Everybody is cautious to not bring
the problem from that Gulf to this Gulf. Iran won’t be invited to this first round, but everyone
has others like Turkey and China on their mind when talking about the Red Sea.” Western
officials in the Horn of Africa also point to the pre-arrears clearance funding from the World
Bank and International Monetary Fund, and the $100 million in additional budgetary support
the EU will give to Mogadishu that they say will give the Somali government the ability to resist
political pressure from Gulf countries. But on the ground, the view is quite different. Western
frustration with the slow pace of governance reform and security sector capabilities by the
Somali central government is underscored by a sense that they are taking on the messiest
problems with little to show for the effort.
This dynamic is occurring as pivotal moments of transition are on the horizon for a number of
Horn of Africa countries. The most fragile, Somalia, is scheduled to have African Union troops
that have been key to securing at least some modicum of security withdraw in 2020. Turkey,
rather than the United States or EU, has taken on the task of training Somali National Army
troops to take over from the African Union force. But the army is still deeply fractured by clan
loyalties and riven with corruption, and
there is little hope that it can be turned
into a competent security force in such a
short time.
A U.N. official admitted that compared to
just a few years ago, Western influence
in Somali politics has faded markedly.
During the initial stages of the Gulf dispute spilling over into Somalia, a U.S. official said
that they received no response from Gulf counterparts to requests to discuss the political
situation. Political elites in Mogadishu in the early summer were preoccupied with navigating
relationships with the Gulf and Turkey, and how to normalize the relationship with the UAE, or,
for opposition members, how to engage the UAE to their benefit. “If you look at the ports and
[support for the] central government it is Turkey. After the Europeans couldn’t find a common
idea of how to train the [Somali National Army] it is Turkey doing it. So, Turkey’s influence
militarily is massive. It is much more important than anyone else’s, including the U.S.,” one
expert said. “This is a long-term investment and is not just there for military cooperation.”
Understudied Role of Israel
Another U.S. regional ally that is beginning to play a larger role in the Horn of Africa is Israel.
Tel Aviv has longstanding ties to Eritrea and Ethiopia, is engaged in South Sudan and with
Khartoum, is close to Egypt, and has an increasingly visible relationship with the UAE, Saudi
Arabia, and even Qatar. A less-known area of coordination between Israel and these Gulf
countries in Washington was the push to rehabilitate Sudanese President Omar Bashir,
How Ethiopia’s transition plays out – and how Gulf
states decide to engage with it politically – will have
implications for the entire Horn of Africa, where
political systems are almost all in some state of
generational or societal transition.
Gulf Strategic Interests Reshaping the Horn of Africa | 10
according to one expert. Israel is keen to help Sudan with technical water management issues
that will arise from the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam in both Sudan and Egypt. If the
Gulf countries and Sudan attempt to create a “bread basket” in Sudan that is successful – a
previous attempt in the 1970s failed – Israel’s technical expertise will be important, an expert
noted. Tel Aviv also has pushed for the lifting of U.N. sanctions and the reintegration of Eritrea
as a Western partner, based on close security relations with the country but also because of
an Eritrean refugee problem that the Israeli administration is eager to solve, according to one
expert. “Israel has an increased position in most of the Horn countries, including Sudan. It’s
not the time to be anti-Israel even in Sudan anymore,” an expert said. “There is a huge change
in this respect.”
Russia’s Bid for Influence
Russia is another country eager to join the scramble for influence in the Red Sea basin. An expert
said that at the recent Valdai Discussion Club annual foreign policy forum in St. Petersburg there
was a focus on the region and where Moscow might seek a permanent military base. “Maybe
Suakin, maybe Egypt,” the expert added. “There was talk about the fact of the attractiveness
of working with the UAE in reviving the Aden port in southern Yemen. What bothers them is
all these little countries getting these facilities and great Russia isn’t.” A former Somaliland
government official said that in late 2017 a delegation from the previous administration was
taken on a trip to Russia. The first stop
was Chechnya, where they talked with
counterparts about areas of potential
cooperation on agricultural production,
promoting moderate Islam, and
education. Then they met with officials
at the Foreign Ministry in Moscow to talk about Horn of Africa politics. The issue of military
bases was raised, with the Russians interested in Berbera, unhappy that the UAE had already
been granted a base there, the former official said. Another potential site discussed was the
Somaliland port of Zeila, near the border with Djibouti, the former official added.
Abu Dhabi and Moscow have been cooperating across Africa, and the UAE would be an
attractive partner for Russia in the Red Sea. According to one expert, Russia and the UAE are
“already working in tandem on the Central African file.” Russia has 170 military trainers in the
Central African Republic and has imported a significant number of arms through Sudan to
equip the forces it is helping train. “That has led to conversations in [the Democratic Republic
of the Congo] and Rwanda” for Russian security support. The UAE has engaged with these
countries in Central and Eastern Africa on infrastructure development and commercial
investments. Russia also appears interested in extracting raw commodities in Africa, including
in Libya, where Moscow is deeply involved.
Gulf Economic Policies
The Gulf countries’ engagement with the Horn of Africa through military partnerships and
political alliances has been made possible by a form of economic foreign policy that they
have deployed with increasing sophistication since 2011 as they seek to extend their reach
Western countries do not appear to have longer-term
economic strategies or to be interested in engaging
widely in Horn of Africa societies and politics to try and
influence political outcomes.
Taimur Khan | 11
and influence. Karen Young has described these newer forms of economic foreign policy,
which are still being tested and are evolving, as “economic statecraft.”3 Rather than a foreign
policy intended to produce primarily economic gains, economic statecraft models seek to use
economic leverage to serve strategic political and military policy goals as well as economic
interests. The unique political economies of the UAE, Qatar, and Saudi Arabia mean that
the interests of the state, ruling families and important business families, and investment
entities and commercial enterprises are intertwined. This makes it difficult to pinpoint the
dividing lines between strategic interests of the state and economic interests, or whether
commercial initiatives and investments are made primarily for a return on investment or
for other objectives. In the Horn of Africa, these questions have been particularly difficult
to unpack because there is little data available from either side. One expert described the
Horn of Africa as a laboratory for this model of Gulf political economy: Is the Horn of Africa
an arena for strategic competition and rivalry, or will the promises of investment in sectors
such as agriculture and infrastructure reap economic benefits for Horn of Africa countries and
Gulf investors? It remains to be seen whether lessons learned in previous attempts at post-
2011 economic statecraft, such as in the case of Egypt, can be applied to similar engagement
in the Horn of Africa. Gulf officials may say that they can adapt and be reactive, “There isn’t
a long-term strategy and there is a real weakness about the deployment of human capital,”
one expert said. “Who is able to do this work and be the advisor? So [that’s why] you get the
transactional diplomacy with not a lot of follow up,” leading to insulated and experimental
policies. The expert continued, “The asset in this is that it can change direction very quickly,
but the consequences are all the more unsteady.”
So far, not much has materialized amid all of the talk of complementary economic interests,
according to one expert. Agricultural investments by the Gulf countries in the past have simply
not paid off commercially or in terms of actually providing strategic food security. Qatar
is already looking elsewhere – the United States, India, Brazil – after a failure to realize its
agricultural investment goals in Sudan and Ethiopia. The United States has spent billions in
aid dollars to maintain food security for vulnerable populations in the Horn of Africa, where
many regions, like eastern Ethiopia, are food insecure. The politics around land use in Ethiopia
are likely to grow more complicated as the Abiy government tries to liberalize and reform land
regulations; 85 percent of Ethiopians are subsistence farmers on public lands and deregulation
will be a politically explosive issue. Protests that grew and spun out of control in 2015 led
directly to Abiy’s rise to prime minister, and one expert questioned whether there is a viable
model for agricultural investments by Gulf countries in Ethiopia. Ethiopia and other Horn of
Africa countries all have large youth bulges and fast-growing populations – dynamics that will
add to stressors around liberal land policies and a stated shift to industrial production.
It is still not clear how economic aspirations are being calibrated with the Gulf states’ political
and security goals. Is Abu Dhabi really clear about the economic dividend its partnership with
Ethiopia can bring, or is it primarily about weakening Turkey’s position and outmaneuvering
Qatar? A clear economic statecraft strategy has yet to emerge, although the complementarities
between the economic objectives of the UAE and Ethiopia are numerous. Ongoing high-level
visits between Emirati officials – led by Reem Al Hashimy, the minister of state for international
3 Karen E. Young, “The Interventionist Turn in Gulf States’ Foreign Policies,” Arab Gulf States Institute in Washington, June
1, 2016.
Gulf Strategic Interests Reshaping the Horn of Africa | 12
cooperation – and Ethiopian counterparts have outlined areas where investments will be
made. The UAE is looking for opportunities to invest in sectors such as logistics, real estate,
and financing as part of its strategy to reduce its reliance on oil revenue. Ethiopia is desperate
for foreign investment in such areas so that it can pursue its own industrialization strategy to
reduce Ethiopians’ reliance on small-scale agriculture. A key to unlocking this mutual potential
is ending Ethiopia’s sole dependence on the port of Djibouti, where exorbitant fees hobble
Ethiopia’s economic potential and contribute to its balance of payments crisis. The UAE,
through Dubai’s private DP World port operations and logistics company, has co-invested with
Ethiopia in the port of Berbera. After Hashimy and Abiy met in August, it was announced that
the UAE would build an oil pipeline connecting Ethiopia with Eritrea’s Assab port, another
element of ending Addis Ababa’s strategic reliance on Djibouti.
Greater port access is the key foreign-policy goal of the Abiy administration, and it is in talks
about joint investments in ports from Kenya to Somalia and Sudan. Until now, Chinese banks
have provided financing for large infrastructure projects in Ethiopia, but Addis Ababa has
been unable to pay back loans, and as a result its relationship with China had been souring.
The Abiy administration likely hopes that Emirati investments can make up the balance, and
that they may also force China to rethink its position. “The Chinese have turned off the tap to
Ethiopia; they think they’re over leveraged,” an expert said. “You can explain a lot about UAE
ties [to Ethiopia] through the worsening
ties with China. They feel Ethiopia doesn’t
make commercial sense for them”
anymore. Berbera might be a first test
case for Emirati-Ethiopian cooperation
on ports, and how the labor of financing
and building infrastructure is divided. So
far development and investment in the port has been slow, at best, although DP World and
the Somaliland government held a groundbreaking ceremony on the extension of the Berbera
port quay and a free zone around the port on October 11.4
This nascent model led by the UAE stands in contrast to that of China, which has been engaged
in the Horn of Africa on a much larger scale and for longer than the Gulf countries. China’s
long-term interests are clear, in the form of its Belt and Road Initiative that seeks to link Asia
to Africa and Europe through Chinese-financed infrastructure, and that Beijing is betting will
cement its status as the world’s next superpower. The Belt and Road Initiative also seeks
to create opportunities for Chinese excess labor and banks, rather than possessing merely
political or military objectives, which has also created resentments in the Horn of Africa and
opportunities for other outside powers. In many ways, one expert said, China is strategically
at odds with the United States, EU, and even the Gulf states in the Horn of Africa. The Chinesefunded
economic free zone around the new Chinese-built port facility in Djibouti is already
coming online, whereas similar Gulf-backed projects like Berbera have languished. The scale
of the financial and human capital China wields cannot be matched by other players. In other
ways, however, Beijing values the role that the UAE in particular can play as an important
regional cog in the Belt and Road Initiative, aiming to leverage its position in the region as a
logistical and soft infrastructure hub. This was underscored by the Chinese president’s visit
4 “DP World Berbera Port Development Work Begins,” Emirates News Agency, October 11, 2018.
It remains to be seen whether lessons learned in
previous attempts at post-2011 economic statecraft,
such as in the case of Egypt, can be applied to similar
engagement in the Horn of Africa.
Taimur Khan | 13
to Abu Dhabi in July, when a number of announcements were made stressing the desire of
the UAE and China to cooperate on the Belt and Road Initiative and establishing trade and
investment partnerships.5
Conclusion
Perhaps the Berbera port project is an apt metaphor for Gulf countries’ push to become
permanent players in the Horn of Africa. Fallout in neighboring Djibouti due to an internecine
fight within the ruling clique over resources forced DP World to quickly find an alternative that
would allow it to continue pursuing its goals in east Africa. This led to a broader engagement
in Somaliland that has also been complicated by local politics, and the construction of a
nearby UAE military base. The project has been fortuitously bolstered by regional dynamics
centered on Ethiopia but also mired in the complexities of local issues such as clan dynamics
and elite competition for rents. While the scale of the project holds promise to transform
Somaliland and maybe even pave the way for the fulfillment of the breakaway region’s dreams
of statehood recognition, the potential
for huge profits also exposes the ways in
which it could feed into and exacerbate
corruption and destabilizing politics.
If Berbera becomes a major alternative
port for Ethiopia, it could also unlock
huge regional potential. On the other hand, the military dimensions of the broader UAE
engagement could contribute to a greater militarization of the Red Sea region and contribute
to insecurity. Like the larger economic, political, and security role Gulf countries are hoping to
play in the Horn of Africa, Berbera’s potential is still on paper only. Will the current grand bet
on the economic potential of Ethiopia and the Horn of Africa pay off, or as in previous eras,
will internal politics and structural social problems bedevil Gulf plans? In the end, will they be
able to compete with the scale of resources and influence that China wields?
So far, questions far outweigh answers. But it is unquestionable that Gulf countries’ new roles
in the Horn of Africa are redefining the region’s dynamics in a way that they have never before.
As the geopolitics of the Red Sea region moves into an era of multipolarity, Gulf influence will
be a central and unavoidable factor.
5 Nick Webster, “UAE and China Declare Deep Strategic Partnership as State Visit Ends,” The National, modified August
12, 2018.
Greater port access is the key foreign-policy goal of
the Abiy administration, and it is in talks about joint
investments in ports from Kenya to Somalia and
Sudan.
www.agsiw.org





Shirkadda Dahabshiil oo ka Qayb...





Shirkadda Dahabshiil oo ka Qayb Qaadatay Carwadda Ganacsiga Somaliland.





Madaxweyne Farmaajo oo dhagax dhigay...





 
Madaxweynaha Jamhuuriyadda Federaalka Soomaaliya Mudane Maxamed Cabdullaahi Farmaajo ayaa maanta dhagax dhigay dib-u-dhiska Xarunta Madxafka Qaranka oo ka mid ah goobaha danta guud ee dib loogu dhisayo Barnaamijka Isxilqaan.
Madaxweynaha ayaa mar kale ku celiyay in dadka Soomaaliyeed aysan sugin gacmo shisheeye oo u dhisa dalkooda ee taas baddalkeeda ay isku tashadaan, una istaagaan ka qayb qaadashada barnaamijkan isxilqaanka ah.
Madaxweynaha ayaa tilmaamay in fekerka Isxilqaan uu hadda ficil isu baddalay oo Madaxfka Qaranku uu yahay xaruntii labaad oo shaqada dhismuhu ka bilaabatay, iyadoona dib-u-dhiska Tiyaatarku uu meel wanaagsan marayo.
“Bacdamaa ay guul ahayd in aan bilownay shaqada dib-u-dhiska Tiyaatarka Qaranka, waxaan ku xejineynaa Madxafka, Maktabadda Qaranka iyo xarumo badan oo dowladdu leedahay, kuwaas oo ay ka mid yihiin goobo waxbarasho iyo kuwo caafimaad.”
Madaxweyne Maxamed Cabdullaahi Farmaajo ayaa u mahadceliyay dhammaan shacabka iyo mas’uuliyiinta dowladda ee ay ka go’an tahay in ay maskax, maal iyo muruqba ku bixiyaan Ololaha Isxilqaan.
Guddoomiyaha Guddiga dhismaha Madxafka Qaranka ahna Wasiirka Boostada iyo Isgaarsiinta Xukuumadda Federaalka Soomaaliya Mudane Cabdi Cashuur Xasan ayaa sheegay in ay diyaariyeen qorshe dib-u-dhiska Madxafka Qaranka lagu dhammaystirayo sanadka soo socda.
 






Latest English

Meatpacker settles Somali prayer case





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Wichita, Kansas-based Cargill denies wrongdoing but agreed to settle to avoid further litigation, the federal agency said. The dispute dates back to the firings of the workers in late 2016 after management rescinded policies allowing Muslim employees to take short breaks for prayer.Walorski's full-time worker bill on hold
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Meet Leila Ali Elmi, the first-ever...





With the rising uncertainty over the status of migrants in many European countries, the election of Somali-born woman as a member of parliament in Sweden is a welcome reprieve for many Somali immigrants in the country.
Leila Ali Elmi has made history as the first Somali and East African woman to be voted into the Riksdag, as the Swedish parliament is known. Running on a Green Party ticket, she will represent the Angered District in Gothenburg. It will not be her first time representing her people as she was a member of the Angered district council since 2014.
More about this
Photo: Hiiraan Online
Elmi, who left Somalia in the 1990s, has been living in Sweden’s second largest city, where more than 14,000 Somalis also reside.  Her home district is considered to have one of the highest employment rates and has been constantly referred to as “deprived and isolated.”
Among the things on her priorities is education.
“I come from a suburb and grew up in a suburb, the issue that matters to me is school policy, in the socioeconomically deprived areas it’s pretty bad schools, we have to focus on the school and that’s the question I especially when I enter the Riksdag,” she said.
According to reports, many people considered Elmi an underdog and even referred to her as ‘hidden’ because she was not a popular candidate. Her campaign worked as she connected more with people at the grassroots level.
Elmi now joins the long list of Somali-born political leaders that includes America’s Ilhan Omar, who is hoping to represent Minnesota in the Congress.Illhan Omar…Knight Errant
Omar defeated Rep. Keith Ellison in Minnesota’s fifth congressional district. She also made history as the first Somali legislator in the United States in 2016.
Somali-born Magid Magid also made history for becoming the youngest person to become the mayor of Sheffield. and just like Elmi, he had served as a councillor and later served as deputy mayor before his election.Photo: YouTube





Airstrike kills two militants after US...





The United States conducted an airstrike in Somalia Tuesday after U.S. and partner troops came under attack. The incident occurred 37 miles west of Mogadishu, the country’s capital, in the central Somali village of Mubaraak. U.S. troops were participating in a “Somali partner forces-led operation against al­ Shabab, an al-Qaida-affiliated terrorist group,” according to a press release from U.S. Africa Command Thursday. The airstrike was conducted against an enemy fighting position after the joint patrol had already come under fire. AFRICOM reported that two al Shabab Islamist militants were killed in the strike, and one other militant was wounded. “We currently assess no civilians were injured or killed in this airstrike,” according to the AFRICOM release. “No U.S. personnel were injured or killed and all are accounted for following this operation.” #story_5346.lazy-wrapper{position:relative;height:0;overflow:hidden;padding-bottom:56.17977528089888%}#story_5346.lazy-wrapper img{position:absolute;top:0;left:0;width:100%;height:100%} Senators consider putting AFRICOM headquarters, staff in Africa The 10-year-old combatant command has been based in Germany since its creation, a set up one senator called "disjointed." By: Leo Shane III However, one Somali partner force member was killed during the operation and two others were wounded in action. U.S. forces have increased their operations tempo in Somalia over the past year. The United States has carried out more than 20 airstrikes against al Shabab in Somalia in 2018. Special operations forces have also been rotating through the country for several years to bolster local and regional forces. American forces serve as front-line advisers to a United Nations-backed Somali government struggling against rebel factions across the country, particularly in rural southern areas. The U.S. military partners with the African Union Mission to Somalia, or AMISOM, during combined counter-terrorism operations against al Shabab training camps and terrorist leadership. #story_5346.lazy-wrapper{position:relative;height:0;overflow:hidden;padding-bottom:56.17977528089888%}#story_5346.lazy-wrapper img{position:absolute;top:0;left:0;width:100%;height:100%} Report: AFRICOM looks to cut special ops missions, pull out hundreds of troops from Africa The plans, submitted by a top U.S. military commander, align with the Trump administration’s strategy to focus on near-peer threats from countries like China and Russia. By: Kyle Rempfer The African Union has a combined contribution of roughly 22,000 personnel in Somalia. By comparison, al Shabab has an estimated strength of 7,000 to 9,000 fighters, according to the Council on Foreign Relations. In early June, one U.S. soldier was killed and four more were wounded during an attack by al Shabab militants that consisted of small-arms fire and mortars. That attack occurred in southern Somalia’s Jubaland region. During that mission, the U.S. troops were working to “clear al-Shabab from contested areas, liberate villages from al-Shabab control, and establish a permanent combat outpost designed to increase the span of Federal Government of Somalia security and governance,” AFRICOM said in a statement after the soldier’s death. “U.S. forces will continue to use all authorized and appropriate measures to protect U.S. citizens and to disable terrorist threats," AFRICOM said in it’s latest statement. "This includes partnering with AMISOM and Somali National Security Forces in combined counterterrorism operations and targeting terrorists, their training camps, and their safe havens throughout Somalia and the region.” Al Shabab remains a serious threat for the Somali government, which has weak authority within the country and only regained control of Mogadishu in 2011. The group has been able to use Somalia as a haven from which they launch attacks on neighboring countries, such as Kenya and Uganda.





NUSOJ and SIMHA JOINT Statement:...





[war kale ma leh]League of Arab States and all concerned international partners of Somalia. Subject: JOINT STATEMENT The National Union of Somali Journalists (NUSOJ), an independent national journalists trade ...





Somali FM receives EU Chargé d’Affaires






MOGADISHU – Minister of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation of the Federal Republic of Somalia, H.E. Amb. Ahmed Isse Awad received  the charge d’affaires of the European Union Delegation to Somalia, Mr. Fulgencio Garrido Ruiz.
Both sides discussed on issues of mutual concern, including international and regional developments.
The European Union is one of the main donors to improve the security situation in Somalia through AMISOM forces as well as training the Somali security forces to strengthen the stability and development of the country recovering from the scourge of civil wars and armed violence.





After 15 years of elephants, Somalia...





A very popular bullion coin, the Somali Elephant is now in its fifteenth year. While it has displayed a pretty good variety of designs over the years, it must get harder and harder to come up with something new, so the producer has decided to add a second subject to the mix. This should run alongside the elephant, but for how long we don’t yet know.The subject chosen is an apex predator and one of the most beautiful animals in nature – the Leopard. The coin looks okay. It isn’t a particularly dynamic design, but here’s hoping it builds into a nice varied selection as the years go by. Available as a 1oz silver with a 30,000 mintage, or as a 1oz gold with a 1,000 mintage, this is a bit rarer than the norm, especially given the ever increasing numbers of elephants. Available to order from APMEX right now, availability should spread over the next few datys.
REVERSE: Features a full image of a leopard looking back over his left shoulder. In the background is a natural setting of a rocky landscape.
OBVERSE: Displays the Somalian Coat of Arms and the date along with the face value.





Somalia under renewed scrutiny over FGM...





Women's rights and gender equality
Global development
Somalia under renewed scrutiny over FGM after two more young girls die
Death of sisters aged 10 and 11 undermines hopes of change inspired by announcement of landmark prosecution

Two more girls in Somalia have died after undergoing female genital mutilation, just weeks after a high-profile case prompted the attorney general to announce the first prosecution against the practice in the country’s history.
Two sisters, aged 10 and 11, bled to death last week after they were cut in the remote pastoral village of Arawda North in Galdogob district, Puntland, said activist Hawa Aden Mohamed of the Galkayo Centre.
The deaths of Aasiyo and Khadijo Farah Abdi Warsame have come at a time of transition in Somalia, where 98% of all women and girls undergo FGM, the highest rate in the world. Most cases go unreported.
The case of Deeqa Dahir Nuur, 10, who haemorrhaged to death in July after she was operated on by a traditional cutter, prompted Somalia’s attorney general Ahmed Ali Dahir to send a team of investigators to her remote village with the aim of prosecuting those involved in her death.
The move was heralded at the time as a “defining moment for Somalia” by Mahdi Mohammed Gulaid, the deputy prime minister, , who said: “It is not acceptable that in the 21st century FGM is continuing in Somalia. It should not be part of our culture. It is definitely not part of the Islamic religion.”
However, activists in the country say the death of the two sisters proves that the government is not moving quickly enough to prevent further incidents.
“It is shocking that, with the massive publicity of the Deeqa case and subsequent commitment by the Somali government to do more, on the ground change does not yet seem to be happening,” said Brendan Wynne of Donor Direct Action, an international women’s group that runs a fund to end FGM. “Girls continue to die from this devastating abuse while we wait for politicians to move.”
FGM is technically illegal in Puntland, a semi-autonomous state in north-eastern Somalia, where lawmakers recently approved legislation outlawing the practice.
“Yet there seems to be reluctance in discussing and passing the anti-FGM law in Puntland, which was recently approved by the cabinet,” said Mohamed.
“We hope that this will serve as a wake-up call for those responsible to see the need to have the law in place to protect girls from this heinous practice.”
Most girls in Somalia undergo the most severe form of circumcision – during which external genitalia are removed or repositioned and the vaginal opening is sewn up, leaving only a small hole through which to pass menstrual blood – between the ages of five and nine. The operation is often performed by untrained midwives or healers using knives, razors or broken glass.
The two girls underwent the surgery on 10 September but bled continuously for 24 hours, said Mohamed. Their mother tried to take them to nearby Bursallah town to seek medical help but the girls died during the journey, according to Mohamed.
Somali-born FGM survivor and campaigner Ifrah Ahmed said the sisters’ deaths were “very upsetting” given Puntland’s professed interest in outlawing the practice.
“I’m still in shock after Deeqa’s death and hearing this [news] is very upsetting, very sad, losing two little girls again to female genital mutilation,” said Ahmed.
“Puntland has approved the anti-FGM bill and still young girls are losing their lives. Immediate action needs to be taken by international donors who support Somalia, and by the federal government of Somalia [itself].”





Third Girl Dies in Somalia After...






A 10-year-old girl has died in Somalia due to complications from female genital mutilation (FGM).
Mumtaz Qorane was the third child to die in the country this week after undergoing the practice, which is also known as female circumcision.
Dr. Mohamed Hussein Aden tells VOA's Somali service that the girl underwent the procedure three days ago in the countryside near the town of Goldogob, and contracted tetanus afterward.
He said a medical team sent to bring her to a hospital in the town of Galkayo was told Monday morning that the girl had died.
Aden received an emergency call about the girl’s grave condition on Sunday while talking to VOA Somali about the death of two sisters, Asiya Farah Abdi Warsame and Khadija Farah Abdi Warsame, who bled to death following FGM.
Doctors and activists said the girls died in Bur Salah village about 75 kilometers west of Galkayo, but the mutilation took place about a week ago near Galladi, across the border in the Somali region of Ethiopia.
Galkayo hospital is the main health facility used by nomads who live along the border areas between Somalia and Ethiopia.
Dr. Mohamed Hussein Aden said the two girls who died in Bur Salah were aged 10 and 11, adding, "There is no other way to describe it, it's brutal."
Activists are demanding an end to female circumcision, calling it a dangerous ritual with no practical benefits.
The practice involves removing part or all of the clitoris and labia for non-medical reasons. The World Health Organization (WHO) says cutting, often performed on girls 15 and younger, can result in bleeding, infection, problems with urination and complications with childbearing.





Dhulka Hooyo Project: Celebrating...





Sara Jabril started the “ Dhulka Hooyo Project “ after stumbling upon an old family photo album.This online photography project unveils the beauty and rich cultural heritage of Somalia in the 1980s, before the civil war.*
All photos were taken by Sabine, Sara’s mother.Born in West Germany, she met her future husband in the early 80’s and in 1985, she hopped on a plane to Mogadishu, a city she barely knew! With her camera in hand, she documented their stay and road trips across the beautiful country.
In Somali language, one could translate “Dhulka Hooyo” by homeland or motherland. A quite befitting title as Somalia was home to all the people forced to leave the country because of the civil war that broke out.
The “ Dhulka Hooyo Project “ is also a tribute to the resilience of the Somali people, and a source of inspiration for its youth dispersed throughout the diaspora.
@Nigeriasinsight





PM Khaire calls for rebuilding Somalia






Muqdisho – Somali Prime Minister Hassan Ali Khaire on Sunday night participated in an introductory ceremony of the Is-xilqaan program in Mogadishu.
Banadir region Governor, Ministers, MPs along with citizens came together for the Is-xilqaan program implementation ceremony.
PM Khaire emphasized to participants the importance of the Is-xilqaan program stating that it is an opportunity to rebuild the country, whilst providing a better future for the youth.
The Prime Minister encouraged Somali citizens to contribute monetarily, volunteer their time, to unite for taking part in achieving national interest.
Khaire stated “Citizens must come together to rebuild the country as a whole through the is-xilqaan program. All national leaders must do their part towards rebuilding our country.”
In August 2018, during the Garow meeting, the cabinet officially approved “Is-xilqaan” program which government and civilians will jointly rebuild roads, historical places and government institutional buildings.





Somali PM rejects foreign mediation in...





By ABDULKADIR KHALIFMore by this Author
Somali Prime Minister Hassan Ali Khayre has said that his government would not accept foreign mediation between the member states and the federal government.Mr Khayre was reacting to suggestions from the leaders of the federal states that a third party be invited to any talks between them and the Mogadishu-based Somali government.The Premier made the declaration on Sunday at a ceremony held in Mogadishu to re-launch a self-help programme called Isxilqaan.The leaders of the five member states of the federal government, namely Puntland, Jubaland, Southwest, Hirshabelle and Galmudug on September 8 issued a communiqué withdrawing cooperation with the central government.Natural resourcesThe communiqué followed a conference held in Kismayu, 500km south of Mogadishu.
The regional leaders expressed grievances on insecurity, the sharing of natural resources and the interference by the central government in the affairs of the member states, which they want addressed before resumption of cooperation.Mr Khayre, however, asserted that the days of Somali leaders seeking foreign mediation on internal issues were over. He reiterated that all differences should be sorted out through compromises.“We welcome that all grievances are cleared through dialogue and compromises, considering the interest of the Somali people,” said Mr Khayre.He particularly noted that Mogadishu could host a meeting of the Somali leaders, indirectly rejecting the suggestion that the capital was insecure.Our sovereignty“We cannot accept people saying that Mogadishu’s security was unreliable,” Mr Khayre stressed.“This is the Somali capital. A city in which we have all invested and stands as a symbol of our sovereignty,” he added.Presidents Ahmed Mohamed Islam Madobe of Jubbaland, Mohamed Abdi Ware of Hirshabelle, Abdiweli Mohamed Ali Gaas of Puntland, Sharif Hassan Sheikh Aden of Southwest and Ahmed Duale Gelle Haaf of Galmudug had not responded to call by their Somalia counterpart Mohamed Abdullahi Farmajo to attend a national security council meeting in Mogadishu on Monday.President Farmajo is the chair of the national security council that include the presidents of the members states and the Governor of Banadir region (Mogadishu and surrounding areas).The failure of the regional leaders to attend the meeting would be assumed to be directly related to the suspension of cooperation with the central government announced in Kismayu on September 8.
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Somalia: Somali Parliament Holds Debate...





The Members of Somalia's Lower House chamber of Federal parliament held a debate on the Security issues during today's sitting which came days after a car bomb injured MP.The Security forces were stationed near the Parliament and on Sayidka street and other Roads leading to the House early in the morning.
The MPs debated on the security of the capital amid several insecurity incidents that took place in the city shuttered months of peace.
Barely two days ago, a member of parliament, Mohamed Mursal Barrow has narrowly survived death after an IED fitted into his vehicle went off outside the national theatre in the capital.
Al Shabaab has claimed the responsibility for the attack on the MP and vowed to continue its explosions in the city amid tight security and heavy presence of police on main junctions.





Somalia: Regional Leaders Boycott...





situation reportSep 17, 2018 | 16:37 GMT1 min readWhat Happened: Somali Prime Minister Hassan Khaire has rejected calls for international assistance after the country's regional leaders chose to boycott a National Security Council meeting scheduled for Sept. 17 and 18, Goobjoog News reported.Why It Matters: Somali authorities designed the National Security Council to become the principal mechanism for security coordination between the country's federal and regional governments. Without it, Somalia will struggle to create a national army capable of combatting militancy and taking over from the U.N.-backed peacekeeping force, the African Union Mission in Somalia (AMISOM).Background: Somalia's member states broke ties with the federal government on Sept. 8, plunging the country into a political crisis. The country has struggled with civil war for decades, and AMISOM has been active there since 2007. Read More:Connected ContentRegions & CountriesCopyright © Stratfor Enterprises, LLC. All rights reserved.





EXCLUSIVE: Former Wa All Stars coach...





Alhaji Mumuni Sokpari has been appointed coach of Somali top flight side Elman FC, GHANAsoccernet.com can exclusively report.
Sokpari touched down in the capital city of the Northern African country, Mogadishu over the weekend ahead of his imminent signing.
The soft-spoken gaffer has been out of work since he was sacked by former Ghana Premier League champions Wa All Stars six months ago, after failing to extricate the side's disappointing campaign.
Sokpari was with the Northern Blues for close to a decade.





Airstrike kills two militants after US...





The United States conducted an airstrike in Somalia Tuesday after U.S. and partner troops came under attack. The incident occurred 37 miles west of Mogadishu, the country’s capital, in the central Somali village of Mubaraak. U.S. troops were participating in a “Somali partner forces-led operation against al­ Shabab, an al-Qaida-affiliated terrorist group,” according to a press release from U.S. Africa Command Thursday. The airstrike was conducted against an enemy fighting position after the joint patrol had already come under fire. AFRICOM reported that two al Shabab Islamist militants were killed in the strike, and one other militant was wounded. “We currently assess no civilians were injured or killed in this airstrike,” according to the AFRICOM release. “No U.S. personnel were injured or killed and all are accounted for following this operation.” #story_5346.lazy-wrapper{position:relative;height:0;overflow:hidden;padding-bottom:56.17977528089888%}#story_5346.lazy-wrapper img{position:absolute;top:0;left:0;width:100%;height:100%} Senators consider putting AFRICOM headquarters, staff in Africa The 10-year-old combatant command has been based in Germany since its creation, a set up one senator called "disjointed." By: Leo Shane III However, one Somali partner force member was killed during the operation and two others were wounded in action. U.S. forces have increased their operations tempo in Somalia over the past year. The United States has carried out more than 20 airstrikes against al Shabab in Somalia in 2018. Special operations forces have also been rotating through the country for several years to bolster local and regional forces. American forces serve as front-line advisers to a United Nations-backed Somali government struggling against rebel factions across the country, particularly in rural southern areas. The U.S. military partners with the African Union Mission to Somalia, or AMISOM, during combined counter-terrorism operations against al Shabab training camps and terrorist leadership. #story_5346.lazy-wrapper{position:relative;height:0;overflow:hidden;padding-bottom:56.17977528089888%}#story_5346.lazy-wrapper img{position:absolute;top:0;left:0;width:100%;height:100%} Report: AFRICOM looks to cut special ops missions, pull out hundreds of troops from Africa The plans, submitted by a top U.S. military commander, align with the Trump administration’s strategy to focus on near-peer threats from countries like China and Russia. By: Kyle Rempfer The African Union has a combined contribution of roughly 22,000 personnel in Somalia. By comparison, al Shabab has an estimated strength of 7,000 to 9,000 fighters, according to the Council on Foreign Relations. In early June, one U.S. soldier was killed and four more were wounded during an attack by al Shabab militants that consisted of small-arms fire and mortars. That attack occurred in southern Somalia’s Jubaland region. During that mission, the U.S. troops were working to “clear al-Shabab from contested areas, liberate villages from al-Shabab control, and establish a permanent combat outpost designed to increase the span of Federal Government of Somalia security and governance,” AFRICOM said in a statement after the soldier’s death. “U.S. forces will continue to use all authorized and appropriate measures to protect U.S. citizens and to disable terrorist threats," AFRICOM said in it’s latest statement. "This includes partnering with AMISOM and Somali National Security Forces in combined counterterrorism operations and targeting terrorists, their training camps, and their safe havens throughout Somalia and the region.” Al Shabab remains a serious threat for the Somali government, which has weak authority within the country and only regained control of Mogadishu in 2011. The group has been able to use Somalia as a haven from which they launch attacks on neighboring countries, such as Kenya and Uganda.





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Ugu dhawaan waxaa soo dhamaaday billo iyo maalmo badan oo la sugayay tartanka xiisaha badan ee UEFA Champions League waxayna jamaahiirta kubbada cagta aduunku dib u heli doonaan tartanka kubbada cagta heerka kooxaha ugu xiisaha badan ee UEFA Champions League kaas oo talaadada iyo arbacada kulamo xiiso badan la ciyaari doono.Sida caadada ah waxaa heerka groupyada UEFA Champions league ku tartamaya 32 kooxood iyada oo loo qaybiyay siddeed group oo ay midkiiba ku jiraan afar kooxood, waxaana wareega 16ka kooxood u soo bixi doona min labada kooxood ee kaalinta kowaad iyo labaad kaga soo dhamaysta groupyadan.Kooxaha kaalmaha saddexaad ka gala group kasta oo Champions League ahi waxay ku saaqidi doonaan tartanka labaad ee UEFA Europa League waxayna u wehel yeeli doonaan kooxaha ree London ee Chelsea iyo Arsenal oo calankoodu ka taagan yahay Europa League.
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Xiddiga Cristiano Ronaldo ayaa ka tagay kooxda Real Madrid suuqii xagaaga isaga oo ku biiray kooxda Juventus soona Afjaray muddi 9 sano ah oo uu joogay kooxda caasimada Spain.Waxa maalmihii ugu dambeeyay si weyn loo hadal hayay ciyaar gacmeedka FIFA 19 oo soo baxaya xilli qiimaynta xiddigaha iyo waliba wax yaabo badan la soo bandhigay.Xiddiga Ronaldo ayaa ciyaar gacmeedka FIFA 19 Kaga hor tagay kooxdiisii Hore Ee Real Madrid Isaga oo waliba ka dhaliyay Gool adduun kale ka yimid una dabaal Degay qaab cusub oo cajiib ah Laacibtv Ka Daawo Muuqaalkan





XOG: Neymar Jr Vs Mohamed Salah-...
Monday, September 17, 2018 - 21:53





Mohamed iyo Neymar Jr oo ka mid ah gool dhaliyaasha casriga ah ee kubbada cagta aduunka ugu fiican ayaa markii ugu horaysya iskaga hor imanaya kooxaha ay hadda ka tirsan yihiin ee Liverpool iyo PSG inkasta oo ay hore hal kulan oo UEFA Champions league iskaga hor yimaadeen kooxahoodii hore ee Barcelona iyo Roma.Mohamed Salah iyo Neymar Jr ayaa iskugu soo gali doona garoonka Anfield marka ay kooxda Liverpool heeban danbe soo dhawayso PSG waana kulan xiiso gaar ah leh isla markaana si wayn aduunka oo dhan looga sugayo.Mohamed Salah iyo Neymar Jr ayaa September 16, 2015 kii iskaga hor yimid kulankii heerka groupyada Champions league ee ay kooxaha Barcelona iyo Roma babraraha 1-1 ka ah ku kala baxeen iyada oo midkoodna aanu kulankaas wax goolal ah dhalin laakiin kulankii Camp Nou ee ay Barca xasauuqa 6-1 ka ahaa u gaysatay Roma ayuu Mohamed Salah seegay.Mohamed Salah ayaa kulankan iskeenaya isaga oo laba kulan oo ka mid ah shantii kulan ee Premier League laba gool ka soo dhaliyay halka shan gool uu ka soo dhaliyay sideedii kulan ee uu xulkiisa iyo kooxdiisa u soo saftay ee tan iyo wixii ka danbeeyay finalkii Champions league ee uu dhaawucu soo gaadhay.Laakiin isla waqtigan ayuu Neymar Jr soo ciyaaray 14 kulan wuxuuna soo dhaliyay 10 gool isaga oo waliba lixdii kulan ee ugu danebeyay ayuu shabaqa soo wada taabtay isaga oo soo dhaliyay 4 gool oo uu PSG u soo dhaliyay iyo 2 gool oo uu xulkiisa Brazil u soo saxiixay inkasta oo labaduba rekoodhayaal ahaayeen.Mohamed Salah iyo Neymar Jr ayaa ah laba xidig oo isku da’a ah waxayna jiraan min 26 sanadood inkasta oo Neymar Jr uu ka wayn yahay 131 maalmood laakiin waxaa sidoo kale cajib ah in Salah iuo Neymar ay isku dherer yihiin waxayna wadaagaan min 175 sentimitir.Neymar Jr ayaa laba gool ka soo dhaliyay kooxaha Premier league kadib markii uu saftay 626 daqiiqo wuxuuna waliba todoba kulan oo ka mid ah siddeedan kulan uu ahaa dhinaca guulaystay wuxuuna rekoodhkani kaga soo dhamaaday kulankii ay manchester City 3-1 ka ku garaacday Barcelona xili ciyaareedkii 2016/17.Laakiin Mohamed Salah ayaa hal kulan oo kaliya ka hor yimid kooxaha ree France waxayna ahayd xili ciyaareedkii 2016/17 markaas oo uu Roma ku wajahay kooxda Lyon kulan ka tirsanaa Europa League wuxuuna dhaliyay hal gool iyada oo kooxdiisii Roma ay rekoodhayaal 5-4 ah ku soo baxday.Ma noqon doonto markii ugu horaysay ee uu Neymar Jr soo gali doono Anfield wuxuuna ka hor koobkii aduunka soo galay garoonka ay kooxdiisa PSG ka sii walwalsan tahay ee Anfield isaga oo waliba shabaqa kaga soo taabtay xulka Croatia oo ay Brazil guul 2-0 kaga gaadheen Anfield.Rekoodhka Gooldhalintii Mohamed Salah Vs Neymar Jr ee xili ciyaareedkii la soo dhaafay ee UCL:Mohamed Salah ayaa xili ciyaareedkii la soo dhaafay kooxdiisa Liverpool ka caawiyay in ay soo gaadhay finalkii Champions league kadib markii uu saftay 930 daqiiqo wuxuuna ku soo dhaliyay 10 gool isaga oo Neymar Jr rekoodhkan ku garaacay.Laakiin Neymar jr oo kooxdiisa PSG soo dhaafi kari waayay wareegii 16ka kooxood ayaa saftay 720 daqiiqo wuxuuna soo dhaliyay 6 gool oo kaliya.Rekoodhka Abid Ee Kulamada UEFA Champions League Ee Salah Vs Neymar:Mohamed Salah ayaa UEFA Champions League ka soo ciyaaray 28 kulan wuxuuna ku soo dhaliyay 13 gool taas oo la micno ah in celcelis ahaan uu kulankiiba soo dhaliyay 0.46 gool.Neymar Jr ayaa isna UEFA Champions league ka soo muuqday 47 kulan wuxuuna ku soo dhaliyay 27 gool taas oo la micno ah in celcelis ahaan uu kulankiiba ku soo dhaliyay 0.57 gool wuxuuna ka heer gool dhalin fiican yahay Mohamed Salah.Rekoodhka Gool Dhalinta Abid Ee Tartamada Kooxaha UEFA Oo dhan Ee Neymar Vs Salah:Mohamed Salah ayaa guud ahaan tartamada UEFA ka soo ciyaaray 66 kulan wuxuuna ku soo dhaliyay 22 gool isaga oo celcelis ahaan kulankiiba ku soo dhaliyay 0.33 halka Neymar Jr uu guud ahaan tartamada UEFA ka soo ciyaaray isla 47 ka kulan ee Champions League maadaama oo aanu ka soo muuqan tartamada kale ee UEFA wuxuuna heerka gool dhalintiisu ku kooban yahay ka aan hore u soo sheegnay ee UCL.Haddaba akhriste, Mohamed Salah iyo Neymar Jr midkee ayaad filaysaa in uu kooxdiisa guul gaadhsiin doono marka ay habeen danbe iskugu soo galaan Anfield?





Antoine Griezmann Oo Cadeeyay Laba...
Monday, September 17, 2018 - 20:37





Xidiga xulka qaranka France iyo kooxda Atletico Madrid ee Antoine Griezmann ayaa ka hadlay inuu heysto magac iyo sharaf sida labada xidig ee Cristiano Ronaldo iyo Lionel Messi, isagoo dhinaca kale sheegay inuu doonayo in inbadan uu sii hormariyo awoodiisa ciyaareed isla markaana uu si joogta ah u sii wanaajiyo qaab ciyaareedkiisa.Antoine Griezmann ayaa xilli ciyaareed gaar ah la qaatay kooxdiisa Atletico Madrid iyo sidoo kale dalkiisa qaranka France, kadib markii uu kusoo guuleesatay UEFA Europa League iyo koobka aduunka 2018 ee lagu qabtay dalka Russia.Qof walba ayaa aaminsanaa in Antoine Griezmann uu qeyb ka noqon doono liiska kama dambeysta ah ee FIFA xidiga ugu fiican aduunka sanada 2018, laakiin laacibka reer France ayay cid kasta lama filaan ku noqotay kadib markii laga waayay liiskan, inkastoo uu ku soo guuleestay koobka aduunka 2018.Laakiin Antoine Griezmann ayaa wuxuu u arkaa inuu miiskan kala siman yahay magac ahaan iyo sharaf ahaanba xidigaha Cristiano Ronaldo iyo Lionel Messi, wuxuuna sidoo kale rajeenayaa inuu sii hagaajin doono wax badan qaab ciyaareedkiisa xiliyada soo aadan.Antoine Griezmann ayaa wuxuu ugu horeyn hadalkiisa ku bilaabay kadib wareysi uu ku bixiyay wargeyska AS ee dalka Spain: “Waxaan u maleynayaa inaan magaca iyo sharafba kala simanahay xidigaha Messi iyo Ronaldo, waxaan hubaa inay jiraan ciyaartoy badan oo sidaas sameeya, sidoo kalena sameyn doona”.Laacibka reer France iyo kooxda Atletico Madrid  ayaa wuxuu sidoo kale hadalkiisa kusii daray: “Waxay xusuus aad u fiican ku leedahay waxa walba ee xirfadeyda kubada cagta aan kusoo guuleystay, waan ku faraxsanahay wax walba oo qeybta ka ah”.Antoine Griezmann ayaa wuxuu hadalkiisa kusoo xidhay: “Laakiin waxaan doonayaa wax intaas ka sii badan, waan ogahay inaan hormar sii sameyn karo, waxaan doonayaa inaan horumariyo qaab ciyaareedkeyga, si aan ugu guuleysto koobab, isla markaana aan sii joogteeyo”.





Juventus Ayaa Ugu Sharaf Iyo Awood...
Monday, September 17, 2018 - 20:37





Halyayga kooxda Real Madrid Jorge Valdano ayaa sheegay in Juventus ay tahay kooxda ugu awooda iyo sharafta badan yurub xiligan  la joogo sababtoo ah  inay lasoo saxiixatay kabtanka xulka qaranka Portugal ee Cristiano Ronaldo suuqii dhawaa ee xagaaga.Kooxda reer Talyaani ee Juventus ayaa ku guuleesatay suuqii dhawaa ee xagaaga in ay Real Madrid kala soo saxiixato Cristiano Ronaldo aduun dhan 105 million euros, wuxuuna saxiixay heshiis ilaa iyo 2022, wuxuuna sanadkii mushaar ahaan u qaadan doonaa 30 million euros.Kooxda Juventus ayaa garoonkeeda Allianz Stadium guul kaga gaadhay kooxda Sassuolo oo marti u ahayd, Cristiano Ronaldo oo mudo ka soomanaa goolasha ayaa ugu dambayn qanciyay jamaahiirta kooxdiisa cusub kaddib markii uu noqday geesiga kulankan guusha u horseeday.Jorge Valdano ayaa wareysi uu ku bixiyay wargeyska “Onda Cero” ee dalka Spain wuxuu kaga hadlay ku biirista Cristiano Ronaldo ee kooxda Juventus: “Juventus hada waxay u dhigantaa kooxda ugu sharafta iyo awooda badan Yurub, sababa la xidhiidha inay sameesay saxiixa Cristiano Ronaldo”.Halyayga kooxda Real Madrid ayaa wuxuu hadalkiisa intaas kusii daray: “Real Madrid waxay lumisaa in badan ee ku aadan dheeli tirnaanteeda kulamada uu ka maqan yahay laacibka reer Brazil ee Casemiro, taasina waxay ka muuqatay kulankii ugu danbeeyay ee Real Madrid ee ay kula ciyaarayeen Athletic Bilbao horyaalka La Liga”.Waxaa xusid mudan in Juventus ay haatan ku hogaamineyso horyaalka Serie A ee dalka Talyaaniga 12 dhibcood, kadib 4 kulan ay kasoo ciyaartay, halka Real Madrid ay fadhido kaalinta labaad ee dhanka kala sareynta horyaalka La Liga, waxayna 2 dhibcood u jiraan hogaamiyaasha Barcelona.





Gary Lineker Oo Fikradiisa Ka Dhiibtay...
Monday, September 17, 2018 - 20:37





Khabiirka BT Sports ahna barnaamij soo saaraha MOD ee Gary Lineker ayaa fikradiisa ka dhiibtay rajada ay kooxaha Premier League xili ciyaareedkan u haystaan in ay ku guulaystaan koobka tartanka kooxaha Yurub ee UEFA Champions League oo habeen danbe dib u furmi doona.Gary Lineker ayaa aaminsan in kooxda Liverpool ay markale xili ciyaareedkan heer fiican ka gaadhi karto koobka UEFA Champions league oo ay xili ciyaareedkii hore soo gaadhay finalkiisa laakiin waxa uu walaac ka muujiyay guulaha ay Manchester United ka gaadhi karto Champions League.Gary Lineker ayaa sidoo kale xusay in Manchester City ay haysato Guardiola oo awood u leh in uu Manchester City meel fiican ka gaadhsiin karo tartanka kooxaha Yurub ee UEFA Champions Leageu.Kooxaha Ingiriiska ayaan Champions League ku soo guulaystay tan iyo wixii ka danbeeyay sanadkii 2012 kii markaas oo ay Chelsea koobkeedii abid ugu horeeyay ee Champions league hanatay, waxayna u muuqataa kooxaha Liverpool iyo Manchester United ay markale yihiin kuwa sumcadii Premier League soo celin kara inkasta oo Gary Lineker uu Mourinho dhaliil u soo jeediyay.Gary Lineker oo ugu horayn ka hadlaya Liverpool iyo Manchester City fursada ay u haystaan Champions league ayaa yidhi: ” Waxaan filayaa in hanaankooda ciyaareed ee Liverpool ay markale ku sii fogaan doonaan, xaqiiqdii Man City waxaa waajib ah in ay ka mid noqoto mid ka mid ah kuwa caadiyan looga shakiyo ee ugu cad cad”.Intaa kadib Gary Lineker ayaa sii dhex galay xaalada Liverpool wuxuuna yidhi: “Kooxda ayay marakle maal galin ku sameeyeen, waxayna xaqiiqdii haystaan koox awood qoto dheer leh, waxay maal galiyeen khadka dhexe, taas oo aanan filayn u baanaayeen, laakiin xaqiiqdii waxaan jeclahay Keita”.Gary Lineker oo xaalada Liverpool ka caawin karta Champions league ka sii hadlaya ayaa yidhi: ” Helitaanka goolhaye hubaashii aad ayay muhiim u ahayd isla markaana Alisson aad ayuu u fiican yahay. Waxa uu Brazil dibada kaga ilaaliyaa Ederson, taas ayaa isaga ka hadlaysa. Goobaha muhiimka ah ayay iska soo xoojiyeen waxayna haystaan doorashooyin dheeraad ah”.Gary Lineker oo si gaar ah uga hadlaya Manchester City iyo awoodeeda UEFA Champions league ayaa yidhi: “Si fiican oo la mid ah  koox kasta ayay City u hubaysan tahay, halis wayn ayayna noqon doonaan, dabcan Pep wuu doonayaa , waqti ayaa ka soo wareegay markii ugu danbaysay ee uu Champons League ku soo guulaystay isagu (2011)”.” Si aad ah ayay u dooni doonaan, isagu wuu riixyaaa, hami ayuu leeyahay, isagu waa cajiib , wax walba halkooda ayay u yaalaan, laakiin waa su’aal adag” ayuu Gary Lineker  oo Man City iyo Guardiola sii sharaxaa hadalkiisa ku sii daray.Laakiin Gary Lineker  ayaa walaac ka muujiyay xaalada kooxda Jose Mourinho ee Manchester United ee fursadeeda Champions league wuxuuna yidhi: ” Ciyaartu horumar ayay samaysay, waa mid aad u furan isla markaana weerar leh. Waxaynu markhaati ka ahayn xili ciyaareedkii hore ee Champions league in kooxhaa sare ay u soo guulaysteen sidii ay City ugu guulaysatay Premier league”.Gary Lineker ayaa horumar ay Manchester United ka samayn karto Champions league ku xidhay sida Mourinho uu ciyaartoydiisa u horumarin karo wuxuuna yidhi: ” Si sahlan waxaa  Isaga (Mourinho) waajib ku ah in uu waxa ugu fiican ka soo saaro ciyaartoydiisa cajiibka ah’.





Mohamed Salah Oo Si Cajiib Ah Uga...
Monday, September 17, 2018 - 20:37





Jamaahiirta kooxda Liverpool ayaa si waali ah uga falcelisay kadib markii ay kulankii Tottenham arkeen Sadio Mane iy Mohamed Salah oo qaladaad badan oo kubbad bixinta iyo go’an gaadhista ah sameeyay waxaana loo fahmay in uu jiray khilaaf xoogan oo u dhexeeyay labada xidig ee Liverpool ugu saamaynta badan.Jamaahiirta kooxda Liverpool ayaa cadho wayn kula dhacay Sadio Mane waxayna ku eedeeyeen in uu kulankii Tottenham noqday kali ciyaar danayste ah laakiin sidoo kale Mohamed Salah ayaa qalad ku lahaa in aanu Sadio Mane siin kubbad fiican oo uu u abuuri karayay.Halyayo hore oo kooxda Liverpool soo maray oo uu ka mid yahay John Aldridge ayaa cadho xoogan ka muujiyay hab dhaqankii Sadio Mane iyo Mohamed Salah ee kulankii Tottenham inkasta oo xataa ay Reds soo gaadhay guul muhiim ah, haddana waxa jiray kubbado aan la rumaysan karin oo booskooda la qalday.Waxaa jira muuqaal laga diyaariyay qaladaadkii kubbad bixineed ee Sadio Mane iyo Mohamed Salah ee kulankii Tottenham ee keentay in loo fahmay in khilaaf uu dhexdooda ka jiray iyada oo Jurgen Klopp uu si cadho leh uga fal celiyay markii uuu adkaysan waayay qaladaadka u muuqday midka badheedhka ah.Haddaba Mohamed Salah ayaa markii ugu horaysay la waydiiyay haddii uu khilaaf u dhexeeyo isaga iyo Sadio Mane wuxuuna sheegay in ay saaxiibo dhaw yihiin isaga, Sadio Mane iyo Roberto Firmino wuxuuna shaaca ka qaaday waxa ay sameeyaan marka ay ciyaartu soo dhamaato.Mohamed Salah ayaa cadeeyay in waqti badan ay wada hadlaan Sadio Mane iyo Firmino isla markaana ay isku goob saddexdoodu ka fadhiistaan qolka labiska marka ay ciyaartu soo dhamaato si ay waxyaabaha ciyaarta ka soo dhacay uga wada hadlaan.Waraysi uu siiyay Mohamed Salah majalada caanka ah ee France Football ayaa lagu waydiiyay haddii uu khilaaf kala dhexeeyo Mane wuxuuna ku jawaabay: “Anagu saaxiibo ayaanu nahay, in badan ayaanu wada hadalnaa. Guud ahaan, dhamaan saddexdayadu meel ayaanu qolka labiska ka wada fadhiisanaa ee isla marka ay ciyaartu soo dhamaato”.Mohamed Salah ayaa si buuxda meesha uga saaray in wax khilaaf ahi uu ka dhexeeyo Sadio Mane wuxuuna isaga oo jawaabtiisa sii wata yidhi: “Anaga waxaa noo dhaxaysa midnimo xaqiiq ah, maadaama oo aanan danayn ka goolka ugu horeeya dhaliya ama goolasha ugu badan dhaliya”.Hadalka Mohamed Salah ayaa ku soo beegmaya waqti ay jamaahiirta kooxda LIverpool isku diyaarinayaan kulanka adag ee ay kooxdoodu heen danbe la ciyaari doonto PSG iyada oo waliba Salah iyo Mane yihiin labada xidig ee ay shaqada ugu badan ka sugayaan maadaama oo uu Firmino wali xaalkiisa mugdi ku jiro.





Xaqiiq Mise Xeel Dagaal? Jurgen Klopp...
Monday, September 17, 2018 - 18:14





Tababaraha kooxda Liverpool ee Jurgen Klopp ayaa sheegay in kooxda ay UEFA Champions League kaga hor imanayaan ee Paris Saint-Germain ay tahay kooxda ugu cad cad ee garaaci karta kooxdiisa Liverpool isla markaana ka midka ah kooxaha xili ciyaareedkan ku guulaysan kara koobka Champions League.Inkasta oo xeelad dagaal iyo ciyaar maskaxeed loo arko hadalka Klopp, haddana waxaa xaqiiq ah in Liverpool ay mari doonto imtixaankii ugu adkaa xili ciyaareedkan ee tartamada oo dhan waxayna Reds ka hor iman doontaa weerarka ka kooban Neymar Jr, Kylian Mbappe iyo Edinson Cavani.Laakiin sidoo kale PSG ayaa iyaduba mari doonta imtixaan kan la mid ah waxayna wajihi doonaan Liverpool oo qaab ciyaareedkii ugu fiicnaa ku jirta isla markaana soo wada guulaysatay shantii kulan ee ay xili ciyaareedkan ka soo muuqatay Premier League balse warka ugu adag ayaa ah haddii uu Roberto Firmino la soo safan doono Sadio Mane iyo Mohamed Salah.PSG ayaa 17 gool soo dhalisay isla markaana afar gool oo kaliya ayaa laga dhaliyay laakiin Liverpool ayaa haysata difaac xoogan iyo waliba in garoonkeeda dhibta badan ee Anfield lagu ciyaarayo kulanka ugu xiisaha badan UEFA Champions League todobaadkan.Jurgen Klopp oo ka hor kulankan saxaafada kula hadlayay shirkiisa jaraa’id ee ka horeeya kulanka PSG ayaa yidhi: ” PSG waa mid ka mid ah kuwa ugu cad cad tartankan, sideenu anagu awood ugu yeelan karnaa in aanu kulankaas ugu cad cadaano?”.Klopp oo tayada PSG ka hadlaya ayaa yidhi: “Qof kastaaba waxa uu ogyahay tayada Paris, kooxdooda waxaa loo dhisay in ay ku guulaysato Champions League. Ciyaartoyda ay haystaan, tababaraha ay haystaan, wax walba way iskugu keeneen si ay u sii socon karaan inta ugu fog ee ugu suurtogalsan”.Laakiin Klopp ayaa xusay in ay kooxdiisa Liverpool faa’iido u noqon karto in kulankan lagu ciyaarayo Anfield wuxuuna yidhi: “Waxaanu ku ciyaaraynaa Anfield, waxayna noo noqon kartaa faa’iido, sidaa ayaanu rajaynaynaa, laakiin waxaanu u baahanahay caawin kasta oo aanu heli karno”.Roberto Firmino ayaa dhaawac xun oo isha ah looga saaray kulankii Tottenham waxaana Klopp la waydiiyay haddii uu soo kabsatay wuxuuna ku jawaabay: “Maya xaqiiqdii, haddii aanu maanta ciyaari lahayn, wax fursad ahi may jirteen. Dhamaantayo waxaanu rajaynaynaa in barri ay fursadi jiri doonto, qof kasta oo ciyaarta kadib sawirada arkay, dhamaan waanu argagaxnay”.Klopp oo ka sii hadlaya xanuunka dhibtii Roberto Firmino ka soo gaadhay qaabkii argagaxa lahayd ee difaaca Tottenham isha farta uga galiyay ayaa yidhi: “Waa mid xanuun badan, qofna ma doonayo in ay taasi ku dhacdo, laakiin wuu fiicnaan doonaa, waqtiga dhabta ah ma ogin, waxaanu eegi doonaa sida ay horumar u samayso”.Haddii uu Firmino taam noqon waayo waxa uu Klopp cadeeyay in Daniel Sturridge uu diyaar u yahay in uu booskiisa buuxiyo wuxuuna yidhi: “Isagu (Sturridge) diyaar ayuu ahaan doonaa, haddii aanu Bobby ciyaari karin isla markaana aanu Dominic Solanke ciyaari karin, doorashooyinka ayaa nagu yar, sababtoo ah Solanke iyo Origi dhaawacyo yar ayaa ku soo gaadhay kooxda U23 ee kulankii Swansea”.





LIX Kamid Ah Kulamada Carabao Cup Oo...
Monday, September 17, 2018 - 18:14





Xidhiidhka kubadda cagta dalka England ayaa halkooda kasii wada tijaabada ay ku wadaan qalabka garsoore caawiyaha ah ee VAR waxaana markan lagu isticmaali doonaa lix kamid ah kulamada wareega saddexaad ee tartanka Carabao Cup.Lixdan kulan ayuu kamid yahay kulanka ugu culus wareegaas ee u dhaxeeya kooxaha Liverpool iyo Chelsea kulan Anfield lagu dheeli doono, Sidoo kale waxa xusid mudan in qalabkan la isticmaali doono kulamada kooxaha Manchester United, Arsenal iyo Everton.Lixda kulan ee Carabao Cup ee lagu isticmaali doono VAR ayaa kala ah:September 25: Manchester United v DerbyWolverhampton Wanderers v Leicester CitySeptember 26: Arsenal v BrentfordWest Ham v Macclesfield TownLiverpool v ChelseaOctober 2: Everton v SouthamptonTeknoolajiyadan casriga ah ayaa lagu isticmaalay wareegii labaad ee tartankan iyadoo sababta ugu weyni ay tahay inay kusoo najaxday tartankii koobka aduunka oo ay wax weyn ka tartay.Kulamadii horyaalka Premier League ee toddobaadkan gaar ahaan kuwoodii soo galay 5-tii galabnimo ee Sabtidii ayaa si tijaabo ah loogu eegay haddiiba uu jiri lahaa go’aan uu wax ka bedeli lahaa VAR waxaana kaliya kasoo baxay hal qalad oo ah goolkii Leroy Sane uu ka dhaliyay Fulham oo uu VAR u aqoonsan lahaa garab dhaaf amaba Offside.





XOG: Min Bilaw Ilaa Dhammaad, Halkan...
Monday, September 17, 2018 - 18:14





Sida iska cad Lionel Messi waxa uu 18 sano oo ciyaartoy kasta ku riyoodo ku qaatay mudo 18 sano ah oo uu ku sugan yahay kooxda Barcelona, Maalinimada khamiista ayay si rasmi ah u buuxsami doonaan 18-ka sano ee laga joogo tan iyo imaatinkii Leo ee Barca.Sanadkii 2000 ayay ahayd markii wiil yar oo 13 sano jir ah uu soo cago dhigtay magaalada Barcelona isagoo ka yimid dhinaca kooxda yar ee Newell’s Old Boys waxaana uu haatan wiilkaas oo ahaa Messi uu nash-qadeeyay mid kamid ah bogaga dahabiga ah ee kubadda cagta guud ahaan.Haddaba, Waxaan halkan idiinku soo koobi doona 18-ka dhacdo ee ugu waaweyn ee loo diiwaan galiyay xiddigan shanta jeer hantay Ballon d’or mudada 18-ka sano ah ee uu ku sugnaa gobolka Catalonia.1- Aqoonsigiisii da’yarta kooxda Barcelona (2001)Lionel Messi ayaa isla markii uu kusoo biiray Blaugrana waxa uu qaatay aqoonsigiisii kooxda da’yarta La Masia waxaana laga qabtay mid kamid ah sawiradii ugu horreeyay ee laga helo waayihiisa Barca.2- Kooxdii Akaademiyada La Masia ee taariikhda gashay (2002)Pique, Messi iyo Fabregas ayaa ah magacyada ugu waaweyn ee jiilkii dhashay sanadkii 1987, Waxay sameeyeen koox xoogan oo guuldaro la’aan noqotay isla markaana tartan kasta hanatay.3- Kulankiisii ugu horreeyay ee kooxda waaweyn (2003)Bishii Novenber November 16, 2003 Messi ayaa saftay kulankiisii ugu horreeyay isaga oo kaliya jira 16 sanoiyo 145 maalmood kulan saaxiibtinimo oo ay kooxdu la cyaartay FC Porto, Barca ayuu markaas tababare u ahaa Frank Rijkaard oo siiyay Leo kulankiisii ugu horreeyay ee rasmi ah sanadkii 2004.4- Goolkiisii ugu horreeyay ee Barcelona (2003)Kooxda yar ee Albacete ayaa noqotay kooxdii ugu horreysay ee dhibane u noqota Messi kaddib markii uu gool u bedelay kubad uu ka helay Ronaldinho.5- Saddexleydii ugu horreysay oo uu ka dhaliyay kooxda uu xifaaltanka ba’ani ka dhexeeyo ee Real Madrid (2007)Waxay ahayd markii ugu horreysay ee uu xiddiga ree Argentina dunida tusay awoodiisa dhabta ah kaddib saddexley taariikhi ah oo uu ka dhaliyay kooxda Real Madrid kulan ay kuwada ciyaareen Camp Nou.6- Inuu dhaliyay goolkii caqiibada lahaa ee Maradona oo kale (2007)Bishii April 18, 2007 Lionel Messi ayaa dhaliyay gool lamid ah goolkii taariikhga ahaa ee Maradona kaddib markii uu kooxda Getafe ka dhaliyay kubad uu kala yimid qaybta garoonka ee kooxdiisa Barca, Goolkan ayaa cirka kusii shareeray isbar bardhiga lagu sameeyo isaga iyo Maradona7- Bilawgii wakhti dahabi ah (2009)Messi ayaa madax qurux badan ka dhaliyay kooxdii Manchester United ee uu ka tirsanaa Cristiano Ronaldo Xilli uu ku guuleystay Champions League ugu horreeyay ee uu ka qayb ahaa kulanka Final-ka maadaama oo uu seegay kulankii Final-kii 2006 sababo dhaawac awgeed8- Ballon D’or-tii Koowaad (2009)Messi ayaa isaga oo jira da’da 22 abaalmarinta Ballon d’or ku garaacay Crstiano Ronaldo iyo Xavi waxaana ay u ahayd markiisii koowaad maadaama oo uu abaalmarintan kaalinta saddexaad ka galay sanadkii 2007 halka uu labaad ka galay sanadkii 20089- Bandhigiisii Wembley Stadium (2011)Guushii 3-1 ahayd ee ay ka heleen Manchester United ayaa lagu tiriyaa inay ahayd mid kamid ah kulamadii ugu fiicnaa ee ay ciyaarto kooxdii Pep Guardiola, Messi ayaa bandhig indho qabad leh kusoo bandhigay kulankaas isagoo dhaliyay goolkii labaad ee kooxdiisa10- Wacdarihiisii Champions League (2012)Lionel Messi ayaa qaab aan hore loo arag uga soo dhalaalay UCL xilli ciyaareedkaas kaddib markii uu hal kulan SHAN gool ka dhaliyay kooxda Bayer Leverkusen wareegii 16-ka.11- Gool dhaliyihi ugu sarreeyay ee sanadka oo dhan (2012)Lionel Messi ayaa fajacii ugu weynaa ku riday kubadda kaddib markii uu sanad buuxa ku dhaliyay 91 gool isla markaana dhaafay rekoodhkii Gerd Muller ee ahaa 69-ka, 79 kamid ah goolashan ayuu u dhaliyay Barcelona halka uu 12 u dhaliyay Argentina12- Inuu gool dhalinta La Liga ee abid kala wareegay Telmo Zarra (2014)Kaddib saddexley uu ka dhaliyay kooxda Sevilla, Lionel Messi ayaa ku garaacay weeraryahankii hore ee Athletic Bilbao ee Zarra gool dhalinyaha abid ugu sarreeya ee horyaalka La Liga.13- Champions League shanaad ee kooxda (2015)Leo ayaa Barcelona la qaaday Champions League markii shanaad ee taariikhdeeda iyo markiisii afraad kaddib kulan ay 3-1 kaga adkaadeen kooxda Juventus, Barca ayaa kasoo adkaatay kooxaha Manchester City, PSG iyo Bayern Munich14- Ku guuleysigii Ballon d’or markii shanaad (2016)Messi ayay u ahayd sanad taariikhiya waxaana uu abaalmarintan ku garaacay Cristiano Ronaldo iyo Neymar JR15- Gool kulaadkii Cruyff oo kale (2016)Messi ayaa sameeyay hanaankii Johan Cruyff oo kale kaddib markii uu gool kulaad amaba rigoore u baasay saaxiibkiisa Luis Suarez kaas oo isna shabaqa ku hubsaday.16- Soo laabashadii PSG (2017)Habeen loo diiwaan galiyay mid kamid ah habeenadi ugu qurxoonaa ee abid ka qabsooma kubadda cagta, kaddib markii ay Barca ku adkaatay 6-1 iyagoo 4-0 lagu soo garaacay kulankii hore.17- Qabsashadii Bernabeu (2017)Messi ayaa sanadkii 2017 u dhaliyay Barca gool xilli dambe ah oo ay guul ku gaadhay kulan El Classico ah isagoo sameeyay dabaal deg taariikhi ah kaddib markii uu maaliyadiisa siibay si uu u tuso jamaahiirta Real Madrid18- Ciyaartoyga ugu koobabka badan Barcelona (2018)Kaddib markii ay Spanish Super Cup ka qaadeen kooxda Sevilla, Kabtanka Argentina ayaa noqday xiddiga ugu koobabka badan taariikhda Barcelona.Haddaba, Adigu Akhriste Nala Wadaag Dhacdada Dookhaaga Ah Ee Uu Lionel Messi Kugu Soo Jiitay Mudadaas 18-ka Sano Ah Ee Uu Ku Sugan Yahay Kooxda Barcelona???





Frank Lampard Oo Loo Taagay Kaadhkii...
Monday, September 17, 2018 - 17:11





Halyeeyga kooxda Chelsea iyo xulka qaranka England ee Frank Lampard ayaa dhadhamiyay dareenka ay leedahay in kaadh cas la qaato adigoo ku gudo jira marxalada tababarenimo kaddib markii dhawaan laga saaray kulan ay kooxdiisa Derby County la ciyaaraysay Rotherham.Lampard iyo xiddiga kooxdiisa ee Tom Lawrence ayaa labadooda kaadhadh casaan ah lagu abaalmariyay kaddib falal aan wacnayn oo ay sameeyeen intii kulankaasi socday, Ciyaartan ayaana ahayd mid lagusoo af-jaray saddexdii guulood ee xidhiidhka ahaa ee ay hore usoo gaadhay Derby.Dhacdada uu Frankie ku mutaystay kaadhkan cas ayaa ah kaddib markii uu is celin waayay daqiiqadii 77-aad ee kulanka isla markaana uu ka baxay diilinta loogu talo galay isaga oo dhaleecaynaya go’aanada garsoorka kulanka.FA-ga dalka England ayaa dhawaan warbixin kasoo saaray dhaqankaas uu Lampard kala soo muuqday ciyaartaas iyagoo kusoo oogay dhaqan xumo iyo inuu is xakamayn waayay.Qoraalka FA-ga ayaa u dhignaa sida tan “Tababaraha Derby County ee Frank Lampard ayaa lagu soo oogay dhaqankiisii kulankii ay ka hor jeedeen  Rotherham United sabtidii taariikhdu ahayd 15/09/18, Waxa lagu eedeeyay in dhaqankiisii daqiqadii 77-aad uu ahaa anshax xumo”





Shaxda Macquulka Ah Ee Ay Manchester...
Monday, September 17, 2018 - 17:11





Kooxda Manchester United ayaa toddobaadkan kulankeeda ugu horreeya ee xilli ciyaareedkan ay ka ciyaarayso tartanka Champions League ku daah furan doonta kulan ay booqan doonto kooxda Young Boys.Jose Mourinho ayaa ku rajo weyn in kooxdiisu ay qaab dar dar leh ku bilaabato tartankan kulankooda Arbacada, Tababaraha ree Portugal ayaa sidoo kale filanaya n kooxdiisu ay halkeeda kasii wadi doonto guulaha ay kulamadii ugu dambeeyay gaadhaysay.Man United ayaa toddobaadkan guul weyn kusoo gaadhay Vicarage Road iyaga oo soo af-jaray guulihii xdhiidhka ahaa ee kooxda Watford oo xilli ciyaareedkan qaab xoogan ku bilaabatay horyaalka Premier League.Haddaba, Waxaan halkan ku eegi doonaa shaxda ay Manchester United kusoo shirtagi karto kulanka Young Boys, Ugu horrayn Luke Shaw ayaa la filanayaa inuu kulankan kusoo laabto shaxda Red Devils sidii uu hore u xaqiijiyay tababare Mourinho.Shaw ayaa dhaawac kusoo gaadhay kulankii uu xulka England wajahay Spain ee ka tirsanaa UEFA Nations League taas ayaana ku qasabtay inuu seego kulankii Watford balse waxa la filanayaa inuu safka hore kaga jiro kooxda uu Mou u magacaabi doono kulankan.Marcus Rashford iyo Nemanj Matic oo labaduba ka ganaaxan Manchester United kulamada Premier League ayaa la filayaa inay kulankan kusoo bilawdaan, Inta kale xiddigaha kulankan fursada u hela ayaa noqon doona isla xiddigihi kooxda matalay kulankii Watford.





David De Gea Waa Lionel Messi-ga...
Monday, September 17, 2018 - 17:11





Goolhayaha Manchester United ee David de Gea ayaa eedayn badan kula soo kulmay tartankii koobka aduunka ee sanadkan ka qabsoomay dalka Russia waxaana lagu diwaan galiyay goolhayihii ugu xumaa koobka aduunka muddo aad u dheer laakiin marka ay noqoto kooxdiisa Man United waxa uu sameeyaa bandhig sabab ugu noqda in lagu tilmaamo goolhayaha aduunka ugu fiican.David De Gea ayaa sabab buuxda u ahaa in Manchester United ay guul ka soo gaadhay kooxda Watford isaga oo sameeyay gool badbaadin caalami ah si uu kooxdiisa ugu ilaaliyo natiiadii guusha taas oo haddii kale United dhaxalin siin kartay in ay barbaro gasho.Goolhayaha kooxda Watford ee Ben Foster ayaa sheegay in David De Gea uu goolhayayaasha ugu jiro halka Lionel Messi ugu jiro ciyaartoyda kale. Ben Foster ayaa Manchester United ka baxay sanadkii 2010 kii wuxuuna De Gea ku tilmaamay Lionel Messi-ga goolhayayaasha.Goolhayaha Watford ee Ben Foster oo hadal layaableh ku amaanaya David De Gea kadib markii uu arkay wixii uu sameeyay kulankii labada kooxood wada ciyaareen ayaa yidhi: “Isagu waa Messi-ga goolhayayaasha, sanado ayuu ahaa goolhayaha aduunka ugu fiican. Xaqiiqdii hadda waa cajiib, gool badbaadinaha qaar uu sameeyo waqtiyada adag waa kuwo aad kaliya neefta ku qaadan karto”.Ben Foster oo De Gea sii amaanaya ayaa yidhi: “Waqtiga oo dhan ayuu qabtaa, ugu dhawaan waxay la mid tahay in xataa aanu qasmin, waa wax fiican in aad samayso badbaadinahaas, aad ayuu cajiib u yahay, waa goolhaye sarre, haddii uu goolhaye kasta oo da’yar ahi doonayo in uu barto sida goolhaye loo noqdo waa in uu daawado De Gea, waa heer caalami”.Laakiin wali waxaa taagan dooda ah in De Gea aanu tayadiisa ciyaareed ku soo bandhigi karin xulka qaranka Spain iyada oo ay dalka Spain ka jirto dood ah in Kepa uu noqdo goolhayaha kowaad ee xulka qarankooda Spain kadib bandhigii liitay ee uu De Gea ka sameeyay koobkii aduunka.





Daawo: Wixii Kala Qabsaday Xiddigaha...
Monday, September 17, 2018 - 15:44





Kooxda Man nited ayaa guul kala tagtay Watford sabtidii kadib markii ay xiddigaha Romelu Lukaku iyo Chris Smalling ka caawiyeen in ay ka gaadhaan guul ay u qalmeen.Kadib ay ciyaartu dhamaatay xiddigaha Man United-na sugayeen tareenka ayay isku dheceen qaar ka mid ah taageerayaasha kooxda Watford xilli uu taageeruhu duubayay muuqaalka.Kooxda Man United ayaa gaadhay gusheedii 3-aad ee horyaalka premier League iyada oo ka kala badisay kooxaha Leicester City,Burnley iyo Watford Laacibtv Ka Daawo Muuqaalkan





Inuu Raaxo Dareemayo La’aanta Cristiano...
Monday, September 17, 2018 - 15:44





Garabka kooxda Real Madrid ee Gareth Bale ayaa bixiyay wareysi uu kaga hadlay arrimo dhawr ah oo ay kamid yihiin dareenkiisa kaddib bixitaanka Cristiano Ronaldo iyo midka fiiican tababarihii hore ee kooxda ee Zinadine Zidane iyo tababaraha haatan ee Julen Lopetegui.Bale ayaa qarka u sarnaa inuu iskaga tago Real Madrid wakhtigii Zinadine Zidane kahor intii aanu xilka tababarenimo ee kooxda la wareegin Julen Lopetegui oo kalsooni weyn siiyay xiddiga haatan.Bale ayaa ugu horrayn ka hadlay bixitaankii Cristiano Ronaldo oo ay dad badani u arki jireen caqabada ugu weyn ee xiddiga ree Wales ku haysatay Bernabeu isla markaana kahor taagnaa inuu iskii usoo dhalaalo oo uu qayb ka noqdo xiddigaha u loolama abaalmarinaha shaqsiga ah ee waaweyn.Gareth ayaa sheegay in bixitaanka Cristiano Ronaldo uu wax yar oo raaxo ah siinayo hadalkan ayaana ah mid si dhab ah u xoojinaya fikradii ahayd in Bale uu dhibane u yahay hooska CR7.Waxaana uu hadalkiisa ku bilaabay “Sida iska cad wax yar ayay ka duwanaanaysaa, Waxay noqonaysaa mid wax yar ka raaxo badan, Waxaan filayaa inay wax badan ku saabsanaan doonto kooxda inagoo inbadan u shaqayn doona wadar ahaan halkii aan xooga ka saari lahayn ciyaartoy kaliya”Dhnaca kale Bale ayaa wax laga weydiiyay haddii uu ku laaban doono horyaalka Premier League waxaana uu sheegay inuu markasta doonayo inuu ku laabto horyaalka dalkiisa balse uu ku raaxaysanayo inuu u ciyaarayo kooxda dunida ugu weyn.“Waxaad markasta doonaysaa inaad ku laabato oo aad ka ciyaarto horyaalka dalkaaga iyadoo qayb idinka mid ahi ay markasta u xiisto dalkooda laakiin anigu waxaan ku raaxaysanayaa inaan u ciyaarayo kooxda ugu weyn dunida oo aan koobab ku guuleysanayo”Ugu dambayn xiddigan ayaa wax laga weydiiyay midka fiican tababare Julen Lopetegui iyo Zinadine Zidane waxaana uu bixiyay jawaab maskaxiyan ah oo uu kaga baxsanayo wax isbar bardhig ah oo uu dhinac ugu xagliyo isagoo sheegay inuuna hubin haddii uu doonayo inuu ka jawaab celiyo su’aashaas.Waxaana uu yidhi isagoo hadalkiisa sii wata “Ma hubo inaan doonayo inaan ka jawaabo haddii aan filayo in Lopetegui uu ka fiican yahay Zidane”Si kastaba ha ahaatee, Zidane ayaa laba sano iyo badh dahabi ah la qaatay kooxda ree Spain walow uusan u fiicnayn Bale oo uu kulamo badan oo muhiim ah keyd u dhaadhiciyaya, Xiddiga ree Wales ayaa u muuqda mid faa’ido weyn ka helay bixitaankii Zizou iyo CR7 maadaama oo uu helay tababare kalsooni weyn siiyay loona caleemo saaray booskii hoggaamiyenimo ee Los Blancos.